SCADA SYSTEMS IN INTEGRAL WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STATE OF THE ART AT SPAIN AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF CYTSA. José González Valls - PDF

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SCADA SYSTEMS IN INTEGRAL WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STATE OF THE ART AT SPAIN AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF CYTSA MAY 2010 River Basin Study Visit José González Valls Asian Development Bank 1 Creatividad

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SCADA SYSTEMS IN INTEGRAL WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STATE OF THE ART AT SPAIN AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF CYTSA MAY 2010 River Basin Study Visit José González Valls Asian Development Bank 1 Creatividad y Tecnología S.A. CYTSA is an engineering and consultancy company, founded in 1982 in Madrid and has also offices in Barcelona, Valencia and Orense. CYTSA has currently 77 people an its business volume was 5.6 M Euro in CYTSA began its international experience in 1993 and have worked in countries such as Jordan, Turkey and Mexico, in water resources management (river basins, drinking water and waste water networks) based in these type of systems. 2 Contents Overview of SCADA Systems in IWRM State of the art at Spain: SAIHs network International experience of CYTSA 3 SCADA systems SCADA stands for Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition. It is a software application specially designed for monitoring and controlling a process. SCADA refers to the combination of telemetry and data acquisition and encompasses the collecting of the information, transferring to a central site, carrying out any necessary analysis and control, displaying the information on a number of operator screens or displays and conveyed the required control actions back to the process. The term SCADA usually refers to centralized systems which monitor and control complexes systems spread out over large areas (anything between an industrial plant and a country). 4 SENSORS AT REMOTE TERMINAL UNITS FLOWMETERS DOPPLER, ELECTROMAGNETIC LEVEL METERS ULTRASOUNDS, LASSER QUALITY PARAMETERS SENSORS, ph, Conductivity, Turbidity, BOD METEOROLOGICAL PARAMETERS, RAIN, SNOW, PIRANO, DISDRO 5 6 Integrated Water Resources Management Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is the process which promotes the coordinated management and development of water, land and related resources, in order to maximize the sustainability of ecosystems. Integrated Water Resource Management is a systematic process for the sustainable development, allocation and monitoring of water resource use in the context of social, economic and environmental objectives. Implementing IWRM process depends on the area, capacity, political will, and understanding of IWRM concepts and their implementation. 7 Integrated Water Resources Management 8 Application of SCADA systems in IWRM The needed of a holistic approach to water resources, taken into account the water resources exploitation, the water environment protection, the prevention and mitigation of damages, the public awareness, etc, makes the SCADA based networks a powerful tool for the River Basin Organizations, or for others decision makers, to develop an integrated policy for water management. 9 Application of SCADA systems in IWRM Rivers flow control and floods prevention Drought management Wells and aquifers monitoring and control Water quality control Management and Operation of Hydraulic Infrastructures: - Dams - Pumping Stations - Wells - Irrigation Fields - Water treatment plants - Others 10 Some of the collected data are: Reservoirs & Wells: Water Level and Quality parameters Pumping Stations: Water flow Pumping and electrical parameters Dams, lakes and waterwheels: Water levels Water flow in canals, pipes, tubes etc.. Positions of floodgates and valves Rivers: Water flow stations and Quality parameters Meteorological Stations: Temperature Humidity Solar Radiation Wind speed and direction Evaporation 11 HOW DOES THE SCADA BASED NETWORK WORK? In every hydrological basin data are collected by means of different sensor devices and transmitted to a communication network. Water Level (Dams, Wells, Reservoirs) Submerged Quartz Transducer, Float-Counterweight Water Flow (Channel, Pipeline) Electromagnetic Flowmeter Ultrsonic Flowmeter Valves Position Rain Gauges Etc. 12 Data are transmitted to a Control Centre where they are processed by a SCADA, and presented to the user, who can evaluate with a better knowledge the conditions of each basin. Water resources exploitation in normal circumstances is optimized, facilitating the saving and reducing losses. Forecasting hydrological models are also widely used to facilitate the development of water policies for IWRM. 13 14 STATE OF THE ART AT SPAIN 15 EIGHT MAIN RIVERS 16 Creatividad y Tecnología main works for the Environmental Ministry: Jucar river basin SAIH Project and Project Management Tajo river basin SAIH Project Duero river basin SAIH Project Guadalquivir river basin SAIH Project Management Norte II and III river basins SAIH Project Study for Standardization of all SAIH systems Miño-Sil river basin Hydrological Basin Plan Jucar river basin communications network update. 17 METEOROLOGICAL RADAR NETWORK A Coruña Almería Asturias Barcelona Cáceres Las Palmas Madrid Málaga Mallorca Murcia Palencia Sevilla Valencia Vizcaya 18 Zaragoza 19 METEOROLOGICAL SATELITE INFORMATION METEOSAT Visible, UV, IR, water steam 20 BUOY NETWORK 21 PUERTOS DEL ESTADO BUOY NETWORK Wavescan Buoy con un diámetro de 2.75 metros y unos 1000 kg. de peso. Consta de un sensor para la medida del oleaje y una estructura superior para soporte de sensores meteorológicos. Transmite su posición y los parámetros recogidos en tiempo real, cada hora, a través del satélite INMARSAT C. 22 AUTOMATIC NETWORK FOR SNOW MEASURING 23 With a population of 45 M people, Spain has a hydrological renewable resources of about M of m3, close to the m3 / inhabitant and year. However its distribution is very irregular both in space and in time, due to this irregularity, associated effects from drought and floods have risen. The control of these effects has promoted the development of hydrological infrastructure where there objective is to help the decision makers to optimise the exploitation of the resource and to guaranty the security in cases of floods. Spanish water resources are divided into 10 main hydrological areas, managed by some organisms called Confederaciones Hidrográficas. 24 Hidrological Areas 25 CATASTROPHIC FLOODING EPISODES (Spain last 50 years) Population 45 M People Deaths: 40 Deaths / Year Damages : 300 M / Year 26 In order to make possible an integral water resources management, the former General Directorate for Hydraulic Works created in 1982 a program for the establishment of an Automatic Hydrological Information System (SAIH). SAIH NETWORKS 27 RIVER BASIN Norte Duero Tajo Guadalquivir Guadiana Segura Júcar Ebro TOTAL A Aforo en Río C Aforo en canal D P. de concentración E Embalse H Central hidroeléctrica I Impulsión L Est. meteorológica M Marco de control N Pluvionivómetro O Conducciones OT Otros P Pluviómetro aislado Q Calidad del agua R Repetidor T Telenivómetro X Centros de Zona, etc Z Pozo piezométrico TOTAL Total number of control stations SAIH NETWORKS MAIN FIGURES Gauged surface km2 SAIH Total number of control stations Total investment 396 M (updated 2009) Maintenance cost 22 M / year 29 BASIC DIAGRAMS OF SAIH NETWORKS CENTRO DE CONTROL HISPASAT PUNTO DE CONCENTRACION REPETIDOR ESTACIONES REMOTAS SENSORES VSAT PUNTO DE CONTROL VSAT PUNTO DE CONTROL HUB CENTRO DE PROCESO DE CUENCA VSAT PUNTO DE PRESENTACION DE DATOS MIXED SYSTEMS FUNCTIONS Data Adquisition : TRANSDUCERS Data Communication : TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS Data Procesing : CONTROL CENTRE Aided Models for GET DECISIONS 30 INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF CYTSA 31 Creatividad y Tecnología S.A. CYTSA is an engineering and consultancy company, founded in 1982 in Madrid and has also offices in Barcelona, Valencia and Orense. CYTSA has currently 77 people an its business volume was 5.6 M Euro in CYTSA began its international experience in 1993 and have worked in countries such as Jordan, Turkey and Mexico, in water resources management (river basins, drinking water and waste water networks) based in these type of systems. 32 OUR EXPERIENCE IN JORDAN 33 Southern Governorates SCADA Project CLIENT: Water Authority of Jordan SCOPE OF THE PROJECT: VIABILITY STUDY AND ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES DETAILED DESIGN OF THE SCADA SYSTEM DRAWING UP OF THE TENDER DOCUMENTS PERIOD OF EXECUTION: 01/03/ /04/2005 BUDGET: APROX COST OF THE PROJECT: 6M JOD Location: THE HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN 34 SCADA Systems in Water Resources Management Project Area 35 Northern Governorates SCADA Project FICHA TÉCNICA ΧΛΙΕΝΤΕ: Ωατερ Αυτηοριτψ οφ ϑορδαν ΦΕΧΗΑ Ε ΡΕΑΛΙΖΑΧΙ Ν: 02/ α 10/2008 ΠΡΕΣΥΠΥΕΣΤΟ: 488, ΑΛΧΑΝΧΕ Ε ΛΟΣ ΤΡΑΒΑϑΟΣ: Curso de Formación en Sistemas SCADA al personal de la Water Authority of Jordan. Realización de Estudios de Campo. Estudio de Viabilidad Técnica, Económica y Financiera. Análisis de alternativas. Diseño integral del Sistema SCADA e Ingeniería de detalle: - Arquitectura del Sistema - Tipología y Topología de las estaciones - Instrumentación - Estaciones Remotas - Sistema de comunicaciones - Alimentación eléctrica y protecciones - Centros de Control - Sistema de adquisición de datos y proceso de la información. - Interfaz Hombre-Máquina - Accesos y Obras Auxiliares Preparación de los criterios de valoración de los contratistas y proceso de clasificación previo. Elaboración de los pliegos de licitación y Condiciones contractuales en base a estándares internacionales. ΕΜΠΛΑΖΑΜΙΕΝΤΟ: ϑορδανια 36 SCADA Systems in Water Resources Management Project Area 37 Main Objectives: Know in real time, the status and situation of all the variables involved in the Southern Governorates hydraulic network. Allow the remote operation of the system Develop a communication network Share and centralize the information Improve water management 38 General Design Criteria: Centralized monitoring of the system Independent Control for the three Governorates High degree of reliability and availability Possibility of scaling the system Low maintenance needs Components standardization High degree of automation Low energy consumption 39 Architecture Supervision & Overall Management WAJ Offices (Karak, Tafileh, Ma an, Amman) Operation & Control Karak Ma an Tafileh 40 Hydraulic Network & Remote Stations (III) Hussiniyyeh & Hashmmiyeh Ma an (I) Shoubak Region 55 Jhair Tank (2) G (Hussiniyyeh distribution network) 500 Fujaij Tank G (Local distribution network) 100 (Jhair distribution network) (1) 500 G Hassammiyeh Tank (7) (Fjaij distribution network) 60 (1) (1) (Hassammiyeh distribution network) (2) Nijil Pumping Station G (Local distribution network) Eaneizah Pumping Station (Under Construction) (Al She'baat & Haddaadah distribution network) 50 (2) (1) Hussiniyyeh & Hashemmiyeh (1) 60 (1) Well 6 & 6A Pumping Station El Dabbaghat Pumping Station (Local distribution network) Mohammadiyyeh Region (Local distribution network) Shoubak (2) (Out of service) Pond (Mohammadiyyeh distribution network) (To irrigation area) Wadi Musa Region (1) (Hayy distribution network) Wadi Musa Old Reservoir (1) 330 Mohammadiyyeh (UhmSehoon distribution network) (1) (1) (7) (5) (Wadi Musa distributrion network) Wadi Musa New Res Qa'a Pumping Station (6) (Local distribution network) (Taybah distribution network) (3) (3) 1000 Taybah Reservoir Eil Pumping Station Jutha Pumping Station Wadi Musa 41 Hydraulic Network & Remote Stations (IV) Jafer Region Ma an (II) G (1) 500 (2) Jafer Ma an (1) G Jafer Reservoir Ma'an Region (1) Jafer (2) (2) (5) (2) (Ma'an distribution network) Mreighah Mreighah Region Tahouneh Old Reservoir Tahouneh New Reservoir. (Qrein distribution network) Wheida System (1) 500 (3) (1) (1) G 50 Wheida Tank Mreighah Pumping Station (Mreigha distribution network) (Wheida distribution network) (Local distribution network) (1) G 50 Naqab Reservoir (Naqab distribution network) Mudwara Mudwara Region Mudwara Tanks G G (1) (2) Mudwara Border Reservoir (1) G (Mudwara distribution network) (Saudi Arabia border distribution network) 42 Communication Network (I) Satellite Terminals VSAT UHF Radio Cable (Existing Networks) GSM/GPRS (Alert Messages) Karak Tafileh Ma an 43 P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. P.L.C. SCADA Systems in Water Resources Management Communication Network (II) WAJ Offices (Ma'an) WAJ Offices (Tafileh) WAJ Offices (Karak) WAJ Offices (Amman) Amman SCADA VSAT PSTN UHF Radio Cable (Existing Networks) SOUTHERN GOVERNORATES SCADA CENTRAL MONITORING STATION GSM/GPRS (Alert Messages) New Goweir Pumping Station ADSL (Remote Data Access) Ethernet (LAN) VSAT VSAT KARAK GOVERNORATE TAFILEH GOVERNORATE MA'AN GOVERNORATE MAIN CONTROL STATION MAIN CONTROL STATION MAIN CONTROL STATION KARAK GOVERNORATE SECONDARY CONTROL STATION New New New Goweir Pumping Station Hasa Pumping Station #3 Tahouneh Resevoir Existing Lajoun Pumping Station Fieldbus UHF Radio FRONT-END RTU UHF Radio Field Bus UHF Radio UHF Radio New Lajoun Pumping Station Field Bus UHF Radio REMOTE STATIONS (KARAK GOVERNORATE) REMOTE STATIONS (KARAK GOVERNORATE) REMOTE STATIONS (TAFILEH GOVERNORATE) REMOTE STATIONS (MA'AN GOVERNORATE) Lajoun Water Resources Remaining Karak Water Supply & Distribution Network Tafileh Water Supply & Distribution Network Ma'an Water Supply & Distribution Network 44 Karak Main Control Center (Ground plan) MALE FEMALE TEA ROOM PRAYING ROOM ALLOW SPACE FOR FUTURE EXPANSION RECEPTION AREA MANAGER OFFICE MEETING ROOM EQUIPMENT ROOM STORAGE GLAZED PARTITION & BLINDS MONITORING ROOM GLAZED PARTITION & BLINDS REAR PROJECTION VIDEO WALL DSIPLAY (MINIMUM HEIGHT TO CEILING 2,80m) ENGINEERING OFFICE CONTROL ROOM REAR PROJECTION WALL CUBES (APROXIMATE DISTANCE NECESSARY FOR OPTIMAL LEGIBILITY) (WINDOWS SHOULD BE AVOIDED NEAR THE PROJECTION ZONE) 45 G.S.M. SCADA Systems in Water Resources Management Karak Main Control Center (Communication diagram) 20'' 20'' Workstation Nº 1 Workstation Nº 2 (Control Room) (Control Room) VIDEO WALL 50'' 20'' Engineering Workstation (Engineering Office) Video Wall Controler Workstation 15'' Report Printer (Control Room) Color Printer (Control Room) Ethernet Redundant 20'' 20'' 20'' 20'' CENTRAL MONITORING STATION SCADA SERVERS (Equipment Room) Workstation Nº 1 Workstation Nº 2 (Monitoring Room) (Monitoring Room) 15'' 15'' Switch 20'' Manager Workstation (Manager Office) MAIN CONTROL STATION SCADA SERVERS (Equipment Room) 15'' 15'' Report Printer (Monitoring Room) Color Printer (Monitoring Room) UPS (Equipment Room) Radio Modem Main Communication System (Telemetry) Redundant Radio Base Station GSM Terminal Fallback Communication System (Telemetry) Field Bus Modem (Local Telemetry) VSAT Indoor Terminal (Interface to Tafileh & Ma'an SCADA Master Station) (Telemetry) Latest Industrial PSTN Communication Technology Remote Access From WAJ Offices (Reporting and Monitoring) GSM (Simultaneous Access) Local RTU COMMUNICATION RACK PSTN VSAT Outdoor Terminal WAJ Offices (Ma'an) WAJ Offices (Tafileh) WAJ Offices (Karak) WAJ Offices (Amman) Amman SCADA 46 Typology of Control Points (Wells) Mains Supply Pump Control Board UPS / Battery Charger Distribution Board 24VDC Telemetry Cabinet Flow Indicator Display Manual/Auto Selector 0 I Pump Signals Control Board & Power Supply Signals UPS / Battery Charger Signals Level Indicator Display Instrumentation Alarm Signal Hydrostatic Level Sensor Level Switch Electromagnetic Flowmeter Intruder Alarm Flow Indicator Display Level Indicator Display Outlet Pressure Sensors Local / Remote Selector Pressure Switch 4-20mA 4-20mA Valve Position Pressure Switch Intruder Alarm Interface to Mains Power Supply Interface to UPS / Battery Charger Interface to Existing Voltage and Current Transducers Interface to Existing Motor Protection Relays Pressure Sensor & Indicator Electromagnetic Flowmeter Control Valve Pressure Sensor (Solenoid Operated) & Indicator Interface to Existing Pump Protection Relays Interface to Existing Solenoid Operated Valves Level Switch (Dry Run) Pump Signals 4-20mA Hydrostatic Level Transmitter 4-20mA 47 Typology of Control Points (Pumping stations) Pumps Power Mains Supply UPS / Distribution Board Battery Charger Distribution Board Power Supply Signals KWHr 24VDC Telemetry Cabinet Flow Indicator Dispaly Pump Control Board UPS / Battery Charger Signals Pump Signals Control Board Signals 0 I Manual/Auto Selector Suction Mainfold (M) Pump Signals Pressure Switch Suction Mainfold (N) Pump (M) Valve Position Pressure Switch Pump (N) Alarm Signal Intruder Alarm 4-20mA Pressure Sensor & Indicator 4-20mA 4-20mA Discharge Outlet (K) Discharge Outlet (J) Pressure Sensor Electromagnetic Flowmeter & Indicator Instrumentation Pressure Sensors & Indicators Pressure Switches Electromagnetic Flowmeter Flow Indicator Display Manual / Auto Selector Intruder Alarm Interface to Mains Power Supply Interface to UPS / Battery Charger Interface to Existing Voltage and Current Transducers Interface to Existing Motor Protection Relays Interface to Existing Pump Protection Relays Interface to Existing Solenoid Operated Valves 48 Typology of Control Points (Reservoirs) Telemetry Cabinet Level Indicator Display Valves Control Board Mains Supply Distribution Board UPS / Battery Charger 24VDC 0 I Power Supply Signals UPS / Battery Charger Signals Flow Indicator Display Manual/Auto Selector Alarm Signal 4-20mA Valve Position Low Level High Level (Overflow) Intruder Alarm 4-20mA Control Board Signals Ultrasonic Level Sensor 4-20mA Valve Position Contact Level Sensor Altitude Valve (Pilot Operated) Outlet (M) To Distribution Network (Gravity) Electromagnetic Flowmeter Contact Level Sensor Outlet (N) Electromagnetic Flowmeter Motorized Valve To Distribution Network (Gravity) 49 Typology of Control Points (Other facilities) Power Supply Telemetry Cabinet Instrumentation Contact Level Sensors Instrumentation Interface with Existing Automatic Chlorine Dosing System Chlorine Gas Detector Intlet TANK Contact Level Sensor Auxiliary tanks Power Supply Telemetry Cabinet Contact Level Sensor Outlet AUTOMATIC CHLORINATION SYSTEM Chlorine Sysltem Signals Chlorine Alarm Communication Interface Gas Detector Power Supply Telemetry Cabinet Instrumentation Chlorine Sensor Chlorine Indicator Panel & Transmitter Chlorine Indicator Panel & Transmitter Chlorine Dosing System To Chlorine Controller 4-20mA Chlorine Chlorine Sensor Chlorine Gas Detector MANUAL CHLORINATION SYSTEM To Distribution Network Chlorine Alarm Gas Detector Chlorine Indicator Panel & Transmitter 4-20mA Chlorine Chlorine Sensor Chlorine dosing systems To Distribution Network 50 SCADA SYSTEMS IN INTEGRAL WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION MAY
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