Tony dat le presidents’ day

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1. Presidents’ Day <ul><li>A Winter Holiday </li></ul><ul><li>It is the middle of February. Christmas vacation ended long ago.…

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  • 1. Presidents’ Day <ul><li>A Winter Holiday </li></ul><ul><li>It is the middle of February. Christmas vacation ended long ago. Summer is still far away. Thank goodness for Presidents’ Day! This holiday is on the third Monday in February. What a good time for a day off. </li></ul><ul><li>Honoring Our Leader </li></ul><ul><li>On Presidents’ Day, we honor our country’s leader. This person is chosen by the people. Every four years, grown-ups vote for a new president. Sometime they elect the same leader again. But no one may be president more than twice. After that, someone else gets a turn. </li></ul><ul><li>How Presidents’ Day Began </li></ul><ul><li>When your grandparents were born, Presidents’ Day was not celebrated. In its place were two other holidays. Every state celebrated George Washington’s Birthday on February 22. Many states celebrated Abraham Lincoln’s Birthday, too. That fall on February 12. Washington was our first president and Lincoln was our sixteenth. </li></ul>Holiday * Histories
  • 2. Presidents’ Day <ul><li>The Thirteen Colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Before Washington’s time, the United States was not a country. It was a group of thirteen little colonies. The colonists had come from Europe. The leader of these colonies was the king of England. The colonists had to pay the king monkey. They had to obey his rules and his soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>The American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>The colonists got tried of this. They told the king they were a new country. The king did not agree. The Revolution War broke out. George Washington led the American armies. And they won. The colonists were free to set up a new country. But what kind? </li></ul><ul><li>A New Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Back then, most countries had kings. King had total power. When they died, their sons almost always took over. But the Americans decided to try something new. They set up a democracy. In a democracy, the people have the power. They choose their own leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>Our First President </li></ul>Holiday * Histories
  • 3. Presidents’ Day <ul><li>The people of the United States chose George Washington as their first leader. In fact, they elected him twice. After that, some people even asked him to be king. But Washington did something few have done. He said no to power. He did not want to be president for a third time. This may have been one of his greatest deeds. </li></ul><ul><li>The Country Splits </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860. This was a tense time. Some people in our country had slaves. Other wanted to end slavery. The Southern states tried to split away from the United States. Lincoln would not let them. He went to war to stop the rebels. The Civil War began. </li></ul><ul><li>Why We Honor Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>The Civil War raged until 1865. It ended slavery in the United States. It gave this country a new start as a land of freedom. We honor Lincoln for keeping the United States together. We honor him for helping to end slavery. Many Americans think he is our greatest president. </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson and Wilson </li></ul>Holiday * Histories
  • 4. Presidents’ Day <ul><li>But there have been other great presidents. There was Thomas Jefferson. He was our third president. He helped to found our country. There was Woodrow Wilson, our twenty-eighth president. He led the United States through World War One. </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin D. Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>In 1930, much of the world became very poor. Many people lost their jobs. People stood in line for food. This time was called the Great Depression. Our thirty-second president helped end this depression. Then he led our country through World War Two. His name was Franklin D. Roosevelt. </li></ul><ul><li>Our Right to Choose Greatness </li></ul><ul><li>Our country elected 43 presidents in its first 211 years. Not all of them were perfect. Some are hardly even remembered. But some of our presidents were truly great. And they rose to power when they were needed most. Was this just luck? Probably not. </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrating Our Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>We the people chose the great presidents. We elected the leaders we needed in times of trouble. You may say we celebrate ourselves on Presidents’ Day. We celebrate the fact that we have a president and not a king. We celebrate our democracy. That is why, on this day, we now honor all our presidents. </li></ul>Holiday * Histories
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