Serving the Gran Signore? Niccolò Petrococchino and Angelo Cazzaiti, Ottoman consuls in Livorno, c. 1807/1810-1824

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Livorno’s fourth occupation by the French (1806-1814) witnessed the creation of an Ottoman consulate in the Tuscan port. First entrusted to the trader from Epirus Niccolò Petrococchino, it was passed on to the Ionian merchant Angelo Cazzaiti in 1817.

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   Al servizio del Gran Signore?  Niccolò Petrococchino e Angelo Cazzaiti, consoli ottomani a Livorno, c. 1807/1810-1824 Durante la quarta occupazione francese di Livorno (1806-1814) appare nel porto toscano una carica di console ottomano, affidata prima al negoziante epiroto Niccolò Petrococchino, e dal 1817 al mercante ionio Angelo Cazzaiti. Questo episodio è da ricollocare nel contesto più vasto di trasformazione della politica estera dell’Impero ottomano sotto il regno di Selim III (1789-1807), ma anche in un contesto politico polto travagliato (guerra d’indipendenza greca dal 1821). In questo intervento, intendo analizzare il ruolo giocato da questi consoli nel rappresentare sia il potere ottomano, che gli interessi dei mercanti greci sudditi ottomani a Livorno, portando particolare attenzione ai numerosi conflitti intracommunitari provocati da questa ambivalente missione. ------ Serving the Gran Signore?  Niccolò Petrococchino and Angelo Cazzaiti, Ottoman consuls in Livorno, c. 1807/1810-1824 Livorno’s fourth occupation by the French (1806-1814) witnessed the creation of an Ottoman consulate in the Tuscan port. First entrusted to the trader from Epirus Niccolò Petrococchino, it was passed on to the Ionian merchant Angelo Cazzaiti in 1817. This episode is to be read in the context of a larger transformation of the Ottoman Empire’s foreign policy under sultan Selim III, as well as that of political troubles on a European scale (most notably with the Greek war of Independence from 1821 onwards). In my paper, I intend to analyse the role played by these consuls in representing both the Ottoman state and the interests of the Greek merchants in Livorno. I shall pay special attention to the many intra-communal conflicts that emerged in part because of the ambiguous nature of this mission. Mathieu Grenet Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne – IHMC (UMR 8066, CNRS-ENS) European Research Council – ConfigMed   (Advanced Grant n° 295868)
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