İslamcı Neo-Liberalizmde İnşaat Fetişi ve Mülkiyet Üzerindeki Simgesel Hale

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İslamcı Neo-Liberalizmde İnşaat Fetişi ve Mülkiyet Üzerindeki Simgesel Hale

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  İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁣ı 󰁎󰁥󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁤󰁥 İ󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴 󰁆󰁥󰁴󰁩ş󰁩 󰁶󰁥 󰁍󰃼󰁬󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴 󰃜󰁺󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁫󰁩 󰁓󰁩󰁭󰁧󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁈󰁡󰁬󰁥 "󰁓󰁩󰁺 󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁥󰁰󰁥󰁹󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁡󰁬󰃢󰁭󰁥󰁴 󰁢󰁩󰁮󰁡 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁰 󰁥ğ󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁲 󰁤󰁵󰁲󰁵󰁲 󰁭󰁵󰁳󰁵󰁮󰁵󰁺?" K󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁮󰀭ı K󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁭, Ş󰁵󰁡󰁡󰁲󰁡 S󰁵󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁩, 128. A󰁹󰁥󰁴.  󰁇󰁩󰁲󰁩ş 2000󲀙󰁬󰁩 󰁹ı󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁲ı AK P󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁥󰁫 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩 󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁤󰁡󰁲ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁧󰁥󰃧󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁮 T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁣ı, 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰃧󰁩 󰁭󰁵󰁨󰁡󰁦󰁡󰁺󰁡󰁫󰁡󰁲󰁬ı󰁫󰁬󰁡 󰁮󰁥󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁩 󰁥󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁹󰁥 󰃧󰁡󰁬ış󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰃼󰁬󰁫󰁥 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁮󰃼󰁭󰃼󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. 28 Ş󰁵󰁢󰁡󰁴 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁥󰁮 󰁤󰁯ğ󰁲󰁵 󰁹󰁡󰁰󰁡󰁮 󰁳󰁩󰁹󰁡󰁳󰁩 󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁥󰁴 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁹󰁯󰁲󰁵󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁫 AKP, 󰁡󰁳󰁬ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰃼󰁲 M󰃼󰁳󰁬󰃼󰁭󰁡󰁮 P󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁨󰁬󰁡󰁫ı 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁩󰁮 󰁲󰁵󰁨󰁵 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁢󰁵󰁬󰁵ş󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹ı 󰁢󰁡ş󰁡󰁲󰁭ış󰁴ı󰁲 󰁤󰁡 󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲. İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󲀙ı󰁮, 󰁫󰁵󰁲󰁴󰁵󰁬󰁵ş󰁵 󰁤󰃼󰁮󰁹󰁡 󰁮󰁩󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁵󰁺󰁡󰁫󰁬󰁡ş󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫, 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁨󰁩 󰁡󰁭󰁡󰃧󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡 󰁶󰁡󰁫󰁦󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁳󰁵󰁦󰁩 󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰃼󰁮󰁺󰁥󰁶󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁹󰁯󰁲󰁵󰁭󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁤󰃼󰁮󰁹󰁥󰁶󰁩, 󰁭󰃼󰁬󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰃧󰁩 󰁶󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁡 󰁧󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫 󰁨ı󰁲󰁳󰁬ı 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰁥󰁫󰁥󰁬󰁣󰁩 󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁧󰁩󰁮󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁹ışı 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁹󰁯󰁲󰁵󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩 󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁮 󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁫󰁡󰁬 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁤󰃶󰁮󰃼ş󰃼󰁭 󰁶󰁥 󰁴󰁥󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁫 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁡 󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁧󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁩󰁲: D󰃼ş󰁭󰁡󰁮ı 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩 󰁳󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁨ı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁶󰁵󰁲󰁭󰁡, 󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁥󰁭󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁹󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭 󰁧󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁤󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁥󰁳󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁮, 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰃼󰁲 P󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁩 󰁡󰁨󰁬󰁡󰁫 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁮󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁫 󰁢󰁵 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁣ı 󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁪󰁩󰁹󰁩 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁫 󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁮 󰁫󰁵ş󰁫󰁵󰁳󰁵󰁺 T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󲀙ı󰁮ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁯󰁮󰁵󰁮 󰁮󰁥󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁩󰁲 󰁫󰁯ş󰁵󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁨󰁡󰁴ı󰁲󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁫 󰁧󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. B󰁵 󰁹󰁡󰁺ı 󰃶󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥 T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󲀙󰁤󰁥󰁫󰁩 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁩 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁫 󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 P󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁩 󰁡󰁨󰁬󰁡󰁫ı󰁮 󰁹󰃼󰁫󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡, 󰁢󰁵 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩 󰁡󰁨󰁬󰁡󰁫ı󰁮 󰁴󰁡şı󰁹ı󰁣ı󰁳ı 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩 A󰁮󰁡󰁤󰁯󰁬󰁵 󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁪󰁵󰁶󰁡󰁺󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁵󰁡󰁳ı󰁲󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡, 󰁢󰁡󰁹ı󰁮󰁤ı󰁲 󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁩󰃧󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁥ş󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁥 󰁶󰁥 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴 󰁳󰁥󰁫󰁴󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁮󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁬ı 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁭󰁥, 󰁫󰁲󰁩󰁺 󰁥󰁲󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁥 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰃼󰁬󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴 󰁩󰁬󰁩ş󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁹󰁬󰁥 󰁢󰃼󰁴󰃼󰁮󰁬󰁥ş󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫 󰁨󰁥󰁧󰁥󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁹󰁡󰁹ı 󰁮󰁡󰁳ı󰁬 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁴󰁩ğ󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁤󰃼ş󰃼󰁮󰁭󰁥 󰃧󰁡󰁢󰁡󰁳ı󰁤ı󰁲. B󰁵 󰁢󰁡ğ󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁤󰁡 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁩 󰁳󰁩󰁹󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁥󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁺󰁥 󰁤󰁯ğ󰁲󰁵 󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁭󰁡󰁳ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁢󰃼󰁴󰃼󰁮󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁭󰁥ş󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁡ş󰁴ı󰁲󰁡󰁮 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁩, 󰁹󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁢󰁡󰁴ı󰁬ı󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡, 󰁭󰁵󰁡󰁳ı󰁲󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡, 󰁢󰁡󰁹ı󰁮󰁤ı󰁲 󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥 󰁧󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁤󰃼󰁮󰁹󰁥󰁶󰁩, 󰁰󰁯󰁺󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁴󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁹󰁹󰃼󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁳󰁡󰁨󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁭󰁥 󰁧󰃼󰁣󰃼 󰁶󰁥 󰁮󰁩󰁨󰁡󰁹󰁥󰁴 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡 󰁶󰁥 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁤󰁡ğı󰁴ı󰁭 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁣ı 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴 󰁳󰁥󰁫󰁴󰃶󰁲󰃼 󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁡󰁮ı󰁮 󰁯󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁤ığı 󰁲󰁯󰁬 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁹󰁥 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲󰁤󰁩󰁲. AKP󲀙󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩 󰁰󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁣ı󰁬ı󰁫 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁹ışı󰁮ı 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁫, 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴 󰁳󰁥󰁫󰁴󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁮󰁥 󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰁥󰁫󰃢󰁮ı󰁮 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁤󰁡ğı󰁴ı󰁭ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁯󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁤ığı 󰁲󰁯󰁬󰁥 󰁹󰁯ğ󰁵󰁮󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡󰁫, 󰁨󰁥󰁧󰁥󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁫 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁪󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁺󰁥 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩 󰁩󰁭󰁫󰃢󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁳󰁡ğ󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁣󰁡󰁫󰁴ı󰁲. 󰁋󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁋󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡 󰁒󰁥󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁶󰁥 󰁐󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁩 󰁁󰁨󰁬󰁡󰁫 Y󰃼󰁫󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁮 A󰁮󰁡󰁤󰁯󰁬󰁵 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥󰁳󰁩 󰁶󰁥 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩 󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁪󰁵󰁶󰁡󰁺󰁩󰁹󰁩 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁣ı, Y󰁥ş󰁩󰁬 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁮󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁫 󰁹󰁡 󰁤󰁡 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁣ı 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩ğ󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁭 󰁶󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁮 P󰁥󰃧󰁥󰁬󰁩, A󰁢󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁬󰁩, T󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁴󰁴󰃼󰁲󰁬󰃼, Ş󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁡󰁴 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥󰁳󰁩 󰁧󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁡ş󰁡ğı󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡 󰁮󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁹󰁬󰁥 󰁫󰁯󰁤󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁫 󰁹󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥 C󰁵󰁭󰁨󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁡 󰃧󰁡󰁬ış󰁴ığı 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁩 󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁪󰁵󰁶󰁡󰁺󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁯󰁫󰁵󰁭󰁡󰁫 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁫󰁩 󰁤󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁨󰁡 󰁤󰁯ğ󰁲󰁵 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁣󰁡󰁫󰁴ı󰁲. E󰁬󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁴󰁥 󰁢󰁵 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩 󰁧󰁩󰁲󰁩ş󰁩󰁭󰁣󰁩 󰁧󰁲󰁵󰁢󰁵󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁳 󰁡󰁬󰁤ığı 󰁡󰁨󰁬󰁡󰁫󰁩 󰁮󰁯󰁲󰁭 󰁶󰁥 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰃧󰁩, 󰁭󰁵󰁨󰁡󰁦󰁡󰁺󰁡󰁫󰃢󰁲 󰁶󰁥 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁣ı 󰁹󰃶󰁮󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁧󰃼󰃧󰁬󰃼󰁤󰃼󰁲 󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁡󰁫 󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁵󰁭󰁵󰁺 󰁡󰃧ı󰁳ı󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁤󰁡󰁨󰁡 󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁫󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁴ığı 󰁩󰃧󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁥ş󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁩ş 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁳ı󰁤ı󰁲. K󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁺󰁭 󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁩󰁴󰃧󰁥, 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬 󰁭󰃼󰁬󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴 󰁶󰁥 󰁧󰁩󰁲󰁩ş󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁮 󰃶󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁬󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁩󰁬󰁫󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁮 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁭 󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁺ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁥󰁧󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁮 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵 󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁡󰁫 󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁦 󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁬ı󰁬ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁶󰁥 󰃧󰁡󰁴ış󰁭󰁡󰁳ı󰁮ı 󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁦 󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁤󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁮ış󰁭󰁡 󰁰󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁳󰁡󰁨󰁩󰁰, 󰃼󰁹󰁥 󰁶󰁥 󰁧󰁲󰁵󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁲şı󰁬ı󰁫󰁬ı 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁢󰁡ğı󰁭󰁬ı, 󰁵󰁹󰁵󰁭󰁬󰁵 󰁶󰁥 󰁴󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁹ı󰁣ı 󰁮󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁥 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵, 󰁨󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁲ş󰁩󰁫 󰁶󰁥 󰁯󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁵󰁭 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁴󰁡󰁮ı󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲. P󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁡, 20.  󰁹󰃼󰁺󰁹ı󰁬 󰁥󰁧󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁮 T󰃼󰁲󰁫 󰁳󰁩󰁹󰁡󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰁤󰃼ş󰃼󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁨󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁡 T󰃼󰁲󰁫 󰁫󰁡󰁭󰁵 󰁦󰁥󰁬󰁳󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁫󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵󰁮󰁵, 󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁬󰁤󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁮ış󰁭󰁡󰁣ı, 󰁹󰁥󰁲 󰁹󰁥󰁲 󰁦󰁡ş󰁩󰁺󰁡󰁮 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁧󰃶󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁤󰁩ğ󰁩󰁮󰁩, DP, AP, D󰁯ğ󰁲󰁵 Y󰁯󰁬, ANAP 󰃧󰁩󰁺󰁧󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 1  󰁢󰁵 󰁦󰁥󰁬󰁳󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁹󰁩 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁤󰃼󰁲󰁤󰃼ğ󰃼󰁮󰃼 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲 󰁛2009󰁝. C󰁵󰁭󰁨󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁭󰁡󰁹ı 󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁦󰁳ı󰁺 󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁡ş󰁭ış 󰁫󰃼󰁴󰁬󰁥 󰁴󰁡󰁭 󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁵󰁤󰁵󰁲. İ󰁬󰁧󰁩󰁮󰃧 󰁢󰁩󰁲 ş󰁥󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁥 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󲀙ı󰁮 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰁴󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁹󰁹󰃼󰁬󰃼 󰁤󰁥, 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁵 󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁬ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰃼󰁣󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁫󰁩 󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁦󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁩󰁬, 󰁩ş󰁬󰁥󰁶󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁬ı󰁬󰁡ş󰁭ış 󰁧󰁲󰁵󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰁭󰁥 󰁥ğ󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. Sı󰁮ı󰁦 󰃧󰁡󰁴ış󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰁢󰁡󰁲ış 󰁶󰁥 󰁨󰁵󰁺󰁵󰁲󰁡 󰁹󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰁥󰁨󰁤󰁩󰁴 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁵 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁹ış, 󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁧󰁩󰁮, 󰁦󰁡󰁫󰁩󰁲, 󰁩ş󰃧󰁩, 󰁩ş󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁮 󰁴󰃼󰁲󰃼 󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁬ı󰁬ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮 󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁳󰁩󰁺󰁬󰁩ğ󰁩󰁮󰁩, 󰁢󰁵 󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁬ı󰁬ığı󰁮 󰁴󰁡󰁮ı󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁭ış 󰁨󰁡󰁫 󰁶󰁥 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰁥󰁶󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁩󰃧󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁫󰁡󰁲󰁤󰁥ş󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁲󰁵󰁨󰁵󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁡şı󰁬󰁡󰁣󰁡ğı󰁮ı, İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󲀙ı󰁮 󰁤󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁮ış󰁭󰁡󰁣ı 󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁡󰁮󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁡şı󰁲ı󰁬󰁡ş󰁡󰁮 󰁥ş󰁩󰁴󰁳󰁩󰁺󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰃶󰁮󰁬󰁥󰁹󰁥󰁣󰁥ğ󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁤󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁹ı󰁳ı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁫󰁡󰁲󰁤󰁥ş󰃧󰁥, 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁡, 󰁵󰁹󰁵󰁭 󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰃧󰁡󰁬ışı󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁳ı 󰁧󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁩ğ󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁮 󰁡󰁹󰁮ı 󰁫󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁹ış󰁡 󰁧󰃶󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁥 󰁹󰁡󰁰󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁤ı󰁲. B󰁵 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁤󰁡 M󰃼󰁳󰁬󰃼󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁬ı󰁫󰀭K󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁺󰁭 󰁩󰁬󰁩ş󰁫󰁩󰁳󰁩 󰁨󰁩󰃧 󰁤󰁥 󰁺󰁯󰁲󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁹ı󰁰, 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁫󰁩󰁳 󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁪󰁩󰁫 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁩󰁬󰁩ş󰁫󰁩 󰁳󰁡󰁹ı󰁬󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲. İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭 󰁧󰃼󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁨󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁴ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩 󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁮ı󰁮ı 󰁤󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁮 󰁳󰁯󰁳󰁹󰁡󰁬 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁬󰁥󰁴󰁩 󰁤󰁥 󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁳 󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁹󰁩 󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁳󰁥󰁲, 󰁢󰁵󰁮󰁵󰁮 󰃶󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁦󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁪󰁩 󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁩󰃧󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁺, 󰁢󰁵 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁤󰁡 󰁫󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁤󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁮ış󰁭󰁡 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁩 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁯󰁮 󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁥 󰁵󰁹󰁵󰁭󰁬󰁵 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲. O󰁲󰁹󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁹󰁡󰁫󰁬󰁡şı󰁭 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󲀙󰁡 󰁹󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁹󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁹󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󲀙ı 󰁦󰁥󰁯󰁤󰁡󰁬, 󰁡󰁫󰁬󰁡 󰁶󰁥 󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁡󰁤󰁩 󰁤󰃼ş󰃼󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁹󰁥 󰁡󰁹󰁫ı󰁲ı, A󰁶󰁲󰁵󰁰󰁡󲀙󰁮ı󰁮 󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁫󰁬ı 󰁫ı󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁹󰁯󰁫󰁳󰁵󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁭 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁫󰁯󰁤󰁬󰁡󰁹ı󰁰, 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭, 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁩󰁴󰁥 󰁶󰁥 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁳ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁵󰁹󰁵ş󰁭󰁡󰁺󰁬ı󰁫 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡 󰁥󰁴󰁳󰁥, W󰁥󰁢󰁥󰁲 󰁛1997󰁝, 󰁢󰁵 󰁹󰁡󰁫󰁬󰁡şı󰁭󰁡 󰁵󰁹󰁧󰁵󰁮 ş󰁥󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁥 󰃧󰁡󰁬ış󰁭󰁡 󰁶󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁺󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡 󰁨ı󰁲󰁳ı󰁮ı P󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁨󰁬󰁡󰁫ı󰁮 󰁴󰁥󰁫󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁰󰁳󰁥󰁴󰁳󰁥 󰁤󰁥, İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁶󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁳ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁫󰁵󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁹󰁡󰁰󰁡󰁹 󰁵󰁹󰁵ş󰁭󰁡󰁺󰁬ı󰁫 󰁶󰁥 󰁤󰃼ş󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁬ı󰁫 󰁩󰁬󰁩ş󰁫󰁩󰁳󰁩 󰁨󰁡󰁫󰁳ı󰁺󰁤ı󰁲 󰁛S󰁡󰁩󰁤, 2010󰁝. M󰃜SİAD, AKP, G󰃼󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁥󰁴󰁩 󰁶󰁤.󲀙󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁰󰁩󰁹󰁡󰁳󰁡 󰁤󰁵󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁬ı󰁬ığı 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰃼󰁲 P󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁨󰁬󰁡󰁫 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁯󰁫󰁵󰁮󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲. B󰁩󰁺󰁺󰁡󰁴 H󰁺. M󰁵󰁨󰁡󰁭󰁭󰁥󰁤󲀙󰁩󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰃼󰁣󰁣󰁡󰁲 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵 󰁶󰁵󰁲󰁧󰁵󰁳󰁵󰁹󰁬󰁡 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁣ı 󰁮󰁥󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭, 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁣ı󰁬ı󰁫󰀭󰁭󰁵󰁡󰁳ı󰁲󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁩 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁥󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥 󰁺󰁯󰁲󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁭ış󰁴ı󰁲. E󰁲󰁤󰁯ğ󰁡󰁮 󰁛2005󰁝, K󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁮󲀙ı󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰃧󰁯󰁫 󰁡󰁹󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬 󰁭󰃼󰁬󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴, 󰁭󰁩󰁲󰁡󰁳 󰁨󰁡󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮 󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁤ığı󰁮ı, 󰁺󰁥󰁫󰃢󰁴ı󰁮 󰁤󰁡 󰁡󰁳󰁬ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁰󰁩󰁹󰁡󰁳󰁡 󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁡󰁮󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁡󰁳ı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁵󰁹󰁵󰁭󰁬󰁵 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰃼󰁲 󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁵󰁬 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵󰁮󰁵, 󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁴󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁭, 󰁴󰁡󰁫󰁳󰁩󰁴 󰁧󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁦󰁡󰁩󰁺 󰁢󰁥󰁮󰁺󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁵󰁹󰁧󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮 󰁭󰃼󰁭󰁫󰃼󰁮 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵󰁮󰁵, 󰁫ı󰁳󰁡󰁣󰁡 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁰󰁩󰁹󰁡󰁳󰁡 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁩 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁳ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁵󰁺󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡󰁺 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰃧󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁫󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁤ığı󰁮ı 󰃶󰁮󰁥 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. 󰃇ı󰁫󰁡󰁲 󰁰󰁥ş󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰁫󰁯ş󰁭󰁡󰁮ı󰁮, 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁡 󰁫󰁡󰁺󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁫 󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁮 󰃧󰁡󰁬ış󰁭󰁡󰁮ı󰁮 󰁰󰁯󰁺󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁦 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁭󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁤ığı 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁡󰁭󰁤󰁡 󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁲, 󰁭󰁵󰁨󰁡󰁦󰁡󰁺󰁡󰁫󰃢󰁲 󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁪󰁵󰁶󰁡󰁺󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁥ş󰁲󰁵󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁩 󰁩󰁫󰁩 󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁬 󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁴󰁴󰁵ğ󰁵󰁮󰁡 󰁤󰁩󰁫󰁫󰁡󰁴 󰃧󰁥󰁫󰁥󰁮 D󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁲 󰁛2005󰁝, 󰃧󰁡󰁬ış󰁭󰁡󰁮ı󰁮 󰁩󰁢󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁴 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵, 󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁶󰁥󰁣󰁩󰁢󰁥 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁺󰁥󰁫󰃢󰁴ı󰁮 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩 󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁶󰁥󰁴 󰁶󰁥 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲 󰁳󰁡󰁨󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁳ı, 󰁶󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁡 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁴󰁥 󰃧󰁡󰁬ış󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁨󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁥󰁴 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩, 󰃼󰁬󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁳ı, 󰁨󰁥󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁳󰁥 󰁩ş 󰁶󰁥 󰁡ş 󰁳󰁡ğ󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁳ı 󰁧󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁧󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁹󰁡󰁹󰁧ı󰁮󰁬ığı󰁮󰁡 󰁤󰁩󰁫󰁫󰁡󰁴 󰃧󰁥󰁫󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. 󰃖󰁺󰁤󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁲 󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁛2005󰁝, M󰃜SİAD󲀙󰁬ı 󰁩ş󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰃧󰁯ğ󰁵󰁮󰁵󰁮 󰁢󰁡󰁴ı󰁹ı 󰁫󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁬󰁥󰁫󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁺 󰁶󰁥 󰁲󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁢󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁭󰁤󰁥 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁬 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰁤󰃼󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁩, 󰁤󰃼󰁮󰁹󰁡 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁫 󰁢󰃼󰁴󰃼󰁮󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥󰁹󰁥 󰁳󰁯󰁮 󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁥 󰁰󰁯󰁺󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁦 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁹󰃼󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁡󰁫 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭 󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁪󰁵󰁶󰁡󰁺󰁩 󰁫󰁡󰁶󰁲󰁡󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮󰁡, 󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁫󰁡 󰁶󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁫 󰁭󰃼󰁣󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁳󰁩 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁡󰁦󰁥󰁬󰁩 1  AKP󲀙󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁢󰁵 󰃧󰁩󰁺󰁧󰁩󰁹󰁩 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁤󰃼󰁲󰁤󰃼ğ󰃼󰁮󰃼, 󰁨󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁡 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁫󰁩 󰁤󰁥 󰁥󰁮 󰁧󰃼󰃧󰁬󰃼 󰁵󰁹󰁧󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁹ı󰁣ı󰁳ı 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵󰁮󰁵 󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁵 󰁳󰁡󰁹󰁥󰁤󰁥 󰁭󰁥󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁺 󰁳󰁡ğı󰁮 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩 󰁨󰁥󰁧󰁥󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁫 󰁡󰁫󰁴󰃶󰁲󰃼 󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁵󰁭󰁵󰁮󰁡 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁤󰁩ğ󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁫 󰁭󰃼󰁭󰁫󰃼󰁮󰁤󰃼󰁲.  󰁤󰁵󰁲󰁤󰁵󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı, 󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁦󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰃧󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁭󰁥ş󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁡ş󰁴ı󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁡 (M󰃼󰁬󰁫 A󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁨󲀙ı󰁮󰁤ı󰁲, 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁳󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁣󰁥 󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁥󰁴󰃧󰁩󰁤󰁩󰁲, 󰁢󰁵 󰁤󰃼󰁮󰁹󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁫󰁩 󰁹󰁡ş󰁡󰁭 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁳ı󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁤ı󰁲, 󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁧󰁩󰁮󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁶󰁥 󰁦󰁡󰁫󰁩󰁲󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁢󰁵 󰁢󰁡ğ󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁤󰁡 󰁧󰁥󰃧󰁩󰁣󰁩 󰁶󰁥 A󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁨ı󰁮 󰁴󰁡󰁫󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁤󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰃼󰁲󰃼󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮) 󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁫󰁵󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁩, 󰃧󰁡󰁬ış󰁭󰁡󰁹ı 󰁶󰁥 󰃧󰁡󰁬ış󰁭󰁡 󰁨ı󰁲󰁳ı󰁮ı 󰁤󰁡 󰁹󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁤󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁲󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁴󰁬ığı󰁮󰁡 󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁬󰁩󰁭 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁭󰁡, 󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁭󰁡 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁡󰃧ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁤ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. 1980 󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁲󰁡󰁳ı 󰁮󰁥󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁢󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁹ışı󰁮 󰁹󰁥󰁲󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁡󰁲󰁤ı󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮, 1989 󰁹󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁬 󰁳󰁥󰃧󰁩󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁭󰁤󰁥 󰁡󰁺 󰁳󰁡󰁹ı󰁤󰁡, 1994󲀙󰁤󰁥 󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁹󰁵󰁲󰁴 󰃧󰁡󰁰ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁡ş󰁡󰁲ı 󰁫󰁡󰁺󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁮 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁣ı 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁹󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁬 󰁹󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁣ı󰁬ığı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁣󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁹ışı 󰁶󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁨󰁡 󰃧󰁯󰁫 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩 󰁹󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁡ş󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁤ığı 2  󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁴ığı 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲: K󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁩 󰁴󰃼󰁫󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁩 󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁡 󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁦ı󰁮ı 󰁯󰁬󰁵ş󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁭󰁵ş 󰁢󰁩󰁲 T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󲀙󰁤󰁥 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴 󰁶󰁥 󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁴 󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁪󰁵󰁶󰁡󰁺󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩 󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁮 󰁵󰁹󰁧󰁵󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁩󰁭 󰁶󰁡󰁲󰁤ı󰁲. T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁶󰁥 󰁮󰃼󰁦󰁵󰁳 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥, 󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁵󰁴 󰁶󰁥 󰁤󰁩ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁹󰁡󰁰ı 󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁥󰁰󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁬󰁩 󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡, 󰁹󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁬 󰁹󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰃧󰁥ş󰁩󰁴󰁬󰁩 󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁵󰁴 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥 󰁰󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁭󰃼󰁬󰁫 󰁳󰁡󰁨󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁹ı 󰁹󰁡󰁹󰁧ı󰁮󰁬󰁡ş󰁴ı󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡, 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥 󰁴󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁮󰁡󰁮 󰁶󰁥 󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁡 󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁦󰁬󰁡ş󰁡󰁮 󰁫󰁩󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰃼󰁫󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁭 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁵󰁮󰁵󰁮 󰁳󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵 󰁮󰁩󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁳󰁩󰁭󰁵󰁭 󰁦󰁡󰁹󰁤󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁫 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁭ı󰁮󰁡 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥, 󰃼󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁢󰁵 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁶󰁥 󰁴󰃼󰁫󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁧ı󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁤󰁡 󰁡󰁲󰁴ı󰁫 󰃧󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁭󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥, 󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁧󰁩󰁮󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁵󰁴󰁡󰁮ı󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁶󰁥 󰁳󰁡󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁮ı󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 ş󰁥󰁹 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁮 󰃧ı󰁫ı󰁰, 󰁡󰁲󰁺󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁮, 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁮 󰁶󰁥 󰃶󰁶󰃼󰁮󰃼󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁤ı󰁲. G󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁲 󰁫󰁩, İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭 󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁩󰁮 󰁥󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁹󰁥󰁣󰁥ğ󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁩󰁲 O󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰃼ş, T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥 İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󲀙ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁣ı 󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥 󰁢󰃼󰁴󰃼󰁮󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁹󰁬󰁥 󰁣󰁩󰁤󰁤󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡 󰁡󰁬󰁭ış󰁴ı󰁲. 󰁍󰁵󰁡󰁳ı󰁲󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡 󰁶󰁥 󰁂󰁡󰁹ı󰁮󰁤ı󰁲 󰁅󰁴󰁭󰁥 İ󰁤󰁥󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁪󰁩󰁳󰁩 T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󲀙󰁤󰁥 A󰁴󰁡󰁴󰃼󰁲󰁫󲀙󰁴󰁥󰁮 󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁢󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁮 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁩󰁮 󰁹ı󰁫ı󰁣ı 󰁹󰁡󰁰ı󰁣ı 󰁦󰁩󰁧󰃼󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁫 󰁡󰁳󰁬ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁵 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁣ı 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁹ış 󰁶󰁥 󰁫󰁯󰁲󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁤󰃼ş󰃼󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁹󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁮󰃧󰁬󰁡 󰁡󰃧ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲. K󰁵ş󰁫󰁵󰁳󰁵󰁺 󰁢󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁭󰁵󰁡󰁳ı󰁲󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡 󰁨󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁬󰁩, 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁫, 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁴󰃼󰁫󰁯 󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰁵󰁨󰁡󰁦󰁡󰁺󰁡󰁫󰁡󰁲󰁬ığı󰁮 󰁩󰁮󰁫󰁡󰁲ı 󰁤󰁡 󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁩 󰁲󰁯󰁬 󰁯󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁤ı󰁲. M󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁳󲀙󰁴󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁡ş󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 D󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁬, 󰃖󰁺󰁡󰁬 󰁶󰁥 󰁮󰁩󰁨󰁡󰁹󰁥󰁴 E󰁲󰁤󰁯ğ󰁡󰁮 󰁧󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁦󰁩󰁧󰃼󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁳󰁹󰁯󰁮󰁥󰁬, 󰁩ş 󰁢󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁣󰁩, 󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁣ı, 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁣ı 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁤󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁫 󰁢󰁵󰁬󰁭󰁵ş󰁴󰁵󰁲. M󰁵󰁡󰁳ı󰁲 󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁳󰁥󰁶󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁥󰁲󰁩ş󰁭󰁥󰁫 󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁫󰁡󰁬 󰁤󰃶󰁮󰃼ş󰃼󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁧󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. B󰁵 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁩󰁴󰁥 󰁹󰃼󰁣󰁥󰁬󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁩 󰁡󰁳󰁬ı󰁮󰁤󰁡, 󰁧󰁥󰃧󰁭󰁩ş󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁢󰁡ğ󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁫󰁥󰁳󰁭󰁥󰁫, 󰁥󰁳󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥 󰁡󰁩󰁴 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁮󰁥 󰁶󰁡󰁲󰁳󰁡 󰁹󰁡󰁫ı󰁰 󰁹ı󰁫󰁭󰁡󰁫, 󰁧󰁥󰃧󰁭󰁩ş󰁩 󰃶󰁺󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁹ı 󰁩󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁡 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁫󰁯󰁤󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁫, 󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁫 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁡󰁬󰁧ı󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮, 󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮, 󰁫󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁥󰁺󰁹󰁥󰁮 󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁴ığı󰁮, 󰁫󰃼󰁢󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁩󰁮, 󰁧󰁥󰁯󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮, 󰁣󰁡󰁭ı󰁮, 󰃧󰁥󰁬󰁩ğ󰁩󰁮, 󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁩󰁴󰁯󰁳󰁵󰁮󰁡 󰁫󰁡󰁰ı󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁫 󰁤󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲. G󰁯󰁥󰁴󰁨󰁥󲀙󰁮󰁩󰁮 F󰁡󰁵󰁳󰁴󲀙󰁵 󰁧󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁧󰃼󰁣󰃼󰁮󰃼 󰁫󰁡󰁺󰁭󰁡 󰁶󰁥 󰁫󰃼󰁲󰁥ğ󰁩󰁮 󰁳󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁡󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁫, 󰁤󰁯ğ󰁡󰁬 󰁶󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁳󰁡󰁮󰁩 󰁥󰁮󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴 󰁴󰁡󰁡󰁲󰁲󰁵󰁺󰁵 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁹ı󰁫󰁭󰁡󰁫, 󰁢󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁳ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰁳󰁡󰁴ı󰁲󰁬󰁡 󰁤󰁯󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡󰁫, 󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁵 󰁮󰁩󰁨󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁥 󰁶󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁮 󰁤󰁵󰁲󰁤󰁵󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁺 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁹ı󰁫ı󰁭 󰁤󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲. N󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁫󰁩󰁭 󰁢󰁵 F󰁡󰁵󰁳󰁴󰁶󰁡󰁲󰁩 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁭󰁥 20. 󰁹󰁹󲀙󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁢󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁫 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁭󰁥 󰁧󰃶󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁩ş, 󰁛B󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁮, 1999󰁝 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁬󰁥ş󰁥󰁮 T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󲀙󰁤󰁥 󰁤󰁥 󰁨󰁥󰁭 A󰁮󰁫󰁡󰁲󰁡󲀙󰁮ı󰁮 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴ı󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁳ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁨󰁥󰁭 󰁤󰁥 İ󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁢󰁵󰁬 󰁶󰁥 󰁤󰁩ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁤󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁬 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁹󰁩󰁣󰁩 󰁨󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁭󰁩ş󰁴󰁩󰁲. 2  C󰁥󰁭󰁡󰁡󰁴 󰃶󰁲󰁧󰃼󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁭󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁹󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁬 󰁹󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁣󰁥 󰁳󰁡ğ󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁮 󰁫󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁬ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲, 󰁡󰁲󰁳󰁡 󰁢󰁵󰁬󰁭󰁡, 󰁡󰁬󰁴󰁹󰁡󰁰ı, 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩 󰁫󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁬ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲ı, 󰁴󰁥ş󰁶󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁶󰁢. 󰁹󰁡󰁮ı 󰁳ı󰁲󰁡, 󰁧󰃼󰁶󰁥󰁮 󰁩󰁬󰁩ş󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁳󰁡󰁹󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁺󰁬󰁩󰁫, 󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁫 󰁧󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁭󰁵󰁡󰁦 󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁰, 󰁵󰁣󰁵󰁺 󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁫 󰁫󰁵󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡, 󰁭󰁥󰁶󰁣󰁵󰁴 󰁡ğ 󰁶󰁥 󰁩󰁬󰁩ş󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁣ı󰁬ığı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁰󰁡󰁺󰁡󰁲󰁡 󰁤󰁯ğ󰁲󰁵󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁥󰁲󰁩ş󰁭󰁥 󰁶󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁺ı󰁲 󰁭󰃼ş󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁢󰁵󰁬󰁭󰁡 󰁧󰁩󰁢󰁩 󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁪󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁴󰃼󰁲 󰁹󰁡󰁲ı 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁡󰁬ı İ󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁩 󰁡󰁬󰁴 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁵ş󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁤ı󰁲󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁛D󰁯ğ󰁡󰁮, 2010󰁝.    󰃜󰁮󰁬󰃼 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴 M󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁲 L󰁥 C󰁯󰁲󰁢󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁥󰁲󲀙󰁩󰁮 󲀜 󰁅ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁨󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁴ı󰁭ı󰁮 󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁫 󰁧󰁡󰁦ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁫 󰁴󰁥󰁫󰁮󰁩󰁫 󰁨󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁳ı A󰁴󰁡󰁴󰃼󰁲󰁫󲀙󰁥 󰁹󰁡󰁺󰁤ığı󰁭 󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁵󰁰 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁳󰁡󰁹󰁤ı, 󰁢󰁵󰁧󰃼󰁮 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁫 󰁲󰁡󰁫󰁩󰁢󰁩󰁭 󰁐󰁲󰁯󰁳󰁴 󰁹󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥, 󰁧󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁬 İ󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁢󰁵󰁬󲀙󰁵󰁮 󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁲ı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁢󰁥󰁮 󰁤󰁥 󰁵ğ󰁲󰁡ş󰁡󰁣󰁡󰁫󰁴ı󰁭. B󰁵 󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁵󰁰󰁴󰁡 󰁩󰁮󰁫ı󰁬󰁡󰁰 󰁹󰁡󰁰󰁭ış 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮, 󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁫 󰁩󰁮󰁫ı󰁬󰁡󰁰󰃧ı󰁳ı󰁮󰁡 İ󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁢󰁵󰁬󲀙󰁵 󰁥󰁳󰁫󰁩 󰁨󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁹󰁬󰁥, 󰁡󰁳ı󰁲󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮 󰁴󰁯󰁺󰁵 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁲󰁡ğı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁢ı󰁲󰁡󰁫󰁭󰁡󰁳ı󰁮ı 󰁴󰁡󰁶󰁳󰁩󰁹󰁥 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁹󰁯󰁲󰁵󰁭. 󰁎󰁥 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁫 󰁨󰁡󰁴󰁡 󰁥󰁴󰁴󰁩ğ󰁩󰁭󰁩 󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁤ı󰁭 󲀝 󰁛󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁮 B󰁯󰁺󰁤󰁯ğ󰁡󰁮, 2002: 82󰁝 󰁳󰃶󰁺󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁤󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁴ığı󰁮ı 󰁮󰁥󰁴 ş󰁥󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁥 󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁡󰁹󰁡 󰁫󰁯󰁹󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁤ı󰁲. 3  B󰁵 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁹ış 󰁧󰃼󰁮󰃼󰁭󰃼󰁺󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁲 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁫, 󰁫󰁩󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁣󰁣󰃼󰁨󰃼 󰁤󰁥 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁬󰁩 󰁹ı󰁫ı󰁣ı 󰁹󰁡󰁰ı󰁣ı 󰁦󰁩󰁧󰃼󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁹󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁣󰁡󰁫󰁴ı󰁲. 󲀜󰃇󰁡󰁬ı󰁹󰁯󰁲 󰁡󰁭󰁡 󰃧󰁡󰁬ışı󰁹󰁯󰁲󲀝 󰁴󰃼󰁲󰃼 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁰󰁡󰁴󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁪󰁩󰁫 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁵󰁲󰁬󰁡ş󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁵 󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁣ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁩󰁣󰁲󰁡󰁡󰁴󰃧ı󰁹󰁡 󰁴󰁡󰁰ı󰁮󰁭󰁡 󰁤󰁵󰁲󰁵󰁭󰁵, 󰁳󰁥󰃧󰁭󰁥󰁮 󰁤󰁡󰁶󰁲󰁡󰁮ışı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁬 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁹󰁩󰁣󰁩 󰁨󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲. İ󰁭󰁡󰁲 󰁶󰁥 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴ı󰁮 󰁢󰁡ş󰁬ı 󰁢󰁡şı󰁮󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁨󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁤󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁢󰁵 󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁹ış󰁴󰁡 󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁫, 󰁫󰁵󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁮ı󰁭 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁨󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁡 󰁫󰁩󰁭󰁩 󰁺󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁫ı󰁬󰁣ı󰁬ı󰁫 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁧󰃶󰁺 󰁡󰁲󰁤ı 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲. M󰁵󰁡󰁳ı󰁲 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁡 󰁧󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁹󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁡 󰁹󰃼󰁲󰃼󰁭󰁥󰁫 󰁴󰁡󰁭 󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁮󰁣ı, 󰃧󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁩󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁹󰁩 󰁶󰁥 󰁳󰁯󰁲󰁧󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁳ı󰁺ı󰁮 󰁤󰁡󰁶󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁹ı, F󰁡󰁵󰁳󰁴󰁶󰁡󰁲󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󲀜 󰁡󰁮 󰁤󰁵󰁲 󰁧󰁥󰃧󰁭󰁥 󰃧󰁯󰁫 󰁧󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁬󰁳󰁩󰁮 󲀝 ş󰁥󰁫󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰁯󰁹󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁳󰁹󰁯󰁮󰁥󰁬 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁹ı 󰁧󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁲. A󰁮󰁣󰁡󰁫 󰁢󰁵 󰁡󰁣󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁩 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁪󰁥 󰃧󰁯ğ󰁵 󰁫󰁥󰁺 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁮󰁴󰃼󰁹󰃼 󰁫󰁵󰁲󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁬󰁡 󰁹󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁭󰁥󰁫 󰁺󰁯󰁲󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁤ı󰁲. 󰁚󰁩󰁲󰁡 󰁰󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁬ı 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁥󰃧󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥, 󰁳󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁹󰁩󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥 󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥 󰁨󰁥󰁭 󰁣󰁩󰁤󰁤󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁩󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁥, 󰁨󰁥󰁭 󰁺󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁮, 󰁨󰁥󰁭 󰁤󰁥 󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁫 󰁶󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁫󰁩󰁭󰁩 󰁧󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁲. K󰁡󰁬󰁫ı󰁮󰁭󰁡 󰁹󰁡󰁲ışı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁧󰁥󰃧 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁭ış 󰃼󰁬󰁫󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥 󰁫ı󰁳ı󰁴󰁬ı 󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁫, 󰁺󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁮 󰁶󰁥 󰁩󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁹󰁥 󰁳󰁡󰁨󰁩󰁰 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰃧󰁥ş󰁩󰁴󰁬󰁩 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰃶󰁺󰁧󰃼, 󰁹󰁡󰁰󰁡󰁹, 󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁥 󰃧󰁡󰁴󰁭󰁡, 󰁤󰃼ş󰃼󰁫 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁩 󰃧󰃶󰁺󰃼󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁹󰁩, 󰁢󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁩 󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁤󰁡󰁨󰁡 󰁹󰃼󰁫󰁳󰁥󰁫 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁫 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󲀜󰁢󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁳󰁩󰁺 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥󰁹󰁩󲀝 󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁣󰁩󰁨 󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁫 󰁤󰁵󰁲󰁵󰁭󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁫󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁛B󰁩󰁬󰁧󰁩󰁮, 2000󰁝. B󰁯󰁲󰁡, M󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁨 G󰃶󰁫󰃧󰁥󰁫󲀙󰁩󰁮 A󰁮󰁫󰁡󰁲󰁡󲀙󰁤󰁡󰁫󰁩 V󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁬 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁣󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰁵󰁹󰁧󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁴󰁡󰁫󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁬󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁲şı󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁡󰁬󰁴ı󰁮󰁤󰁡, 󲀜󰁮󰁥 󰁩ş󰁥 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁤ığı󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮, 󰁵󰁹󰁧󰁵󰁮 󰃧󰃶󰁺󰃼󰁭 󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁰 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁤ığı󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁡ğı󰁭󰁳ı󰁺 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴󰁡 󰁹󰁡󰁴ı󰁲ı󰁭 󰁶󰁥 󰁨󰁩󰁺󰁭󰁥󰁴 󰁮󰁩ş󰁡󰁮ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁴󰁡󰁫ı󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁳ı󲀝 󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁴ığı󰁮ı 󰁩ş󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁴 󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲 󰁛2010: 60󰁝. B󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁭󰁵󰁡󰁳ı󰁲󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡 󰁳󰁡󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁴ı󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁴󰁡󰁺󰁹󰁩󰁫󰁩 󰁤ışı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁩󰁫󰁩󰁳󰁩 󰁤󰁥 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴ı 󰃧󰁡ğı󰁲󰁡󰁮 󰁩󰁫󰁩 󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁬 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁥󰃧 󰁤󰁡󰁨󰁡 󰁥󰁴󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁤ı󰁲: B󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁩󰁳󰁩 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰃧󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴ı 󰁤󰁩ğ󰁥󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰁥 󰁤󰁡󰁨󰁡 󰁣󰁡󰁺󰁩󰁰 󰁫ı󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁥󰁮󰁦󰁬󰁡󰁳󰁹󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁫 󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁡󰁭, 󰁤󰁩ğ󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁲󰁯 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁤󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁫󰁴󰃶󰁲󰁥󰁬 󰁳󰁥󰃧󰁭󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁫ı󰁳ı󰁴󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁮 󰁶󰁥 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴 󰁳󰁥󰁫󰁴󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁮󰃼 󰁡󰁤󰁥󰁴󰁡 󰁡󰁬󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁦󰁳󰁩󰁺 󰁫ı󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁵󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰁶󰁥 󰁫󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁥ğ󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲. 󰁓󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥 󰁂󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁥 󰁋󰁡󰁲, 󰁆󰁡󰁩󰁺 󰁶󰁥 󰁒󰁡󰁮󰁴 K󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁤󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁴ı 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁥󰁬 󰁫󰁯󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁧󰁩󰁮󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁶󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁬 󰁹󰁯󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁫󰁡󰁲, 󰁦󰁡󰁩󰁺 󰁶󰁥 󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁩󰁦󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲 󰁛M󰁡󰁲󰁸, 1999: 51󰁝. B󰁵󰁮󰁡 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁢󰁡󰁣󰁡 󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁬 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁭 󰁶󰁥 󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁴 󰁹󰁯󰁬󰁵 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁥󰁬󰁤󰁥 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁡󰁲󰁴ı 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁫󰁡󰁲 󰁩󰁬󰁥, 󰁦󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁮󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁫󰁵󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁮ı󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁳ı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁥󰁬󰁤󰁥 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁡󰁲󰁴ı 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁦󰁡󰁩󰁺, 󰁫ı󰁴 󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮 󰁭󰃼󰁬󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁴󰁩 󰁹󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁥󰁬󰁤󰁥 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁡󰁲󰁴ı 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁫󰁡󰁶󰁲󰁡󰁭ı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁩󰁦󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲. Kı󰁴 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁫 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁲󰁡ğı󰁮 󰁭󰃼󰁬󰁫 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩 󰁭󰁵󰁴󰁬󰁡󰁫 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴ı󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁮, 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁲󰁡ğı󰁮 󰁢󰁡󰁲ı󰁮󰁤ı󰁲󰁤ığı 󰁹󰁡 󰁤󰁡 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁴󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁹󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁬󰁴ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁹󰁥󰁲󰃼󰁳󰁴󰃼 󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮 󰁭󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁲ı 󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁬ı󰁬ı󰁫 󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴ı 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁤ı󰁲. 3  C󰁯󰁲󰁢󰁵󰁳󰁩󰁥󰁲󲀙󰁩󰁮 󰁳󰃶󰁺󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁢󰁵󰁧󰃼󰁮 T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰁹󰁡ş󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁮 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁤󰃶󰁮󰃼ş󰃼󰁭 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁥󰃧󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁭󰁵󰁨󰁡󰁬󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁴 󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁧󰁲󰁵󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮 󰁳󰃶󰁹󰁬󰁥󰁭󰁩 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁳ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁯󰁪󰁩 󰁫󰁵󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲. K󰁵ş󰁫󰁵󰁳󰁵󰁺 E󰁲󰁤󰁯ğ󰁡󰁮 󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁫󰁩 󰁫󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁬 İ󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁢󰁵󰁬 󰁨󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮 󰁤󰁥󰁶󰁲󰁩󰁭󰁣󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁲şı󰁬ı󰁫 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲.  K󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁤󰁥 󰁢󰁵 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰃧󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁴󰃼󰁭󰃼󰁮󰃼󰁮 󰁫󰁵󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁮ı󰁬󰁤ığı 󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁡󰁫 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁬󰁩 󰃶󰁬󰃧󰃼󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁤󰁥 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁫 󰁤󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥 󰃶󰁲󰁮󰁥ğ󰁩 󰁭󰁵󰁴󰁬󰁡󰁫 󰁶󰁥 󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁬ı󰁬ı󰁫 󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁳󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁫󰁬󰁩 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁶󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁡󰁫 󰁫ı󰁳ı󰁴󰁬ı 󰁢󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁭󰁤󰁥 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁩ğ󰁩, 󰁤󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁹ı󰁳ı󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁭󰁥󰁫󰃢󰁮 󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁶󰁥 󰁥ş󰁩󰁴󰁳󰁩󰁺󰁬󰁩󰁫 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁫󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁹󰁣󰁡 󰁢󰁡ş󰁡󰁲ı󰁬󰁤ığı, 󰁢󰁵 󰁥ş󰁩󰁴󰁳󰁩󰁺󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁥󰁶󰁣󰁵󰁴 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁳󰁡󰁬 󰃧󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩 󰁫󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁫󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁩󰁬󰁧󰁩󰁮󰃧 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰃶󰁲󰁮󰁥󰁫 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁫󰁡󰁲şı󰁭ı󰁺󰁡 󰃧ı󰁫ı󰁹󰁯󰁲. 4  B󰁵 󰁴󰁡󰁢󰁬󰁯 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥 󰁥󰁮󰁦󰁬󰁡󰁳󰁹󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁭󰁥 󰁶󰁥 󰁫󰁲󰁩󰁺󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁡󰃧ı󰁫 󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁫󰁬󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩 󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁡󰁭ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁴󰁡şı󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁺 󰁳󰁡󰁨󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁩ğ󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁧󰃼󰁶󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁶󰁥 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁴󰃼 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁣ı 󰁹󰁡󰁰󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁤ı󰁲. N󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁫󰁩󰁭 T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󲀙󰁤󰁥 󰁧󰁡󰁹󰁲󰁩󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁫󰁵󰁬󰁥 󰁹󰁡󰁴ı󰁲ı󰁭 󰃧󰁯ğ󰁵 󰁤󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁤󰁥 󰃶󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁩 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁤󰃼ş󰃼󰁮󰃼󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁹󰁡󰁴ı󰁲ı󰁭 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁣ı󰁮󰁡 󰁤󰃶󰁮󰃼ş󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. C󰁩󰁤󰁤󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰃧󰁩󰁭󰁤󰁥 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁹󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁵 󰁴󰁡şı󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁺 󰁶󰁡󰁲󰁬ığı 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁰 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁹󰁬󰁥 󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁩 󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁵 󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁳󰁩󰁺󰁩󰁮 󰁥󰁬 󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁹󰁬󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁫󰁳󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁺󰁥 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁺󰁥󰁮󰁧󰁩󰁮󰁬󰁥ş󰁭󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁣ı󰁮󰁡 󰁤󰁡 󰁤󰃶󰁮󰃼ş󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲 󰀮 1980󲀙󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁫󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁲 󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁴 󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁪 󰁳󰁡󰁮󰁡󰁹󰁩 󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁮 ş󰁩󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 1980 󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁲󰁡󰁳ı 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı 󰁫󰁥ş󰁦󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁹󰁥, 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁡󰁲󰁳󰁡 󰁹󰁡󰁴ı󰁲ı󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı 󰃧󰁯ğ󰁡󰁬󰁴󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁡 󰁢󰁡ş󰁬󰁡󰁤ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı 󰁛T󰁥󰁫󰁥󰁬󰁩, 1991󰁝, 1980 󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁲󰁡󰁳ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁥󰁮󰁦󰁬󰁡󰁳󰁹󰁯󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁡󰁭ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁧󰁡󰁹󰁲󰁩󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁫󰁵󰁬󰃼󰁮, 󰁳󰁩󰁹󰁡󰁳󰁩 󰁹󰁯󰁬󰁳󰁵󰁺󰁬󰁵󰁫, 󰁫󰁡󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁩ş󰁭󰁥 󰁶󰁥 󰁵󰁬󰁵󰁳󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁳ı 󰁦󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁮󰁳ı󰁮 󰁩󰃧 󰁩󰃧󰁥 󰁧󰁥󰃧󰁴󰁩ğ󰁩 İ󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁢󰁵󰁬󲀙󰁤󰁡 󰁥󰁮 󰁹󰃼󰁫󰁳󰁥󰁫 󰁫󰁡󰁲 󰁧󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁮 󰁳󰁥󰁫󰁴󰃶󰁲 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵󰁮󰁵 󰁛K󰁥󰁹󰁤󰁥󰁲, 1999󰁝 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁹󰁯󰁲󰁵󰁺. A󰁮󰁣󰁡󰁫 󰃶󰁺󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥 2000 󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁲󰁡󰁳ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁫󰃼󰃧󰃼󰁫, 󰁢󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁫, 󰁹󰁥󰁲󰁬󰁩 󰁹󰁡󰁢󰁡󰁮󰁣ı 󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰃼󰁲 󰁧󰁩󰁲󰁩ş󰁩󰁭󰁣󰁩 󰁤ışı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁺󰁺󰁡󰁴 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁹󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁲, 󰁫󰁡󰁭󰁵 󰁫󰁵󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁵ş󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁡󰁫󰁡󰁮󰁬ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁤󰁡󰁨󰁩 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁭󰁡󰁫 󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰃼󰁴󰃧󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁫󰁬󰁩ğ󰁩 󰁳󰁡ğ󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁫 󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁹󰁡󰁴ı󰁲ı󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡 󰁩󰁬󰁧󰁩 󰁤󰁵󰁹󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁡 󰁢󰁡ş󰁬󰁡󰁭ış󰁴ı󰁲. K󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁲󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡󰁮 󰁥󰁬󰁤󰁥 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁣󰁡󰁺󰁩󰁢󰁥󰁳󰁩, 󰁤󰁩ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰃼󰁭 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁶󰁥󰁴 󰁢󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁫󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥 󰁧󰁩󰁲󰁩ş󰁩󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁩󰁫󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁥ş󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁫 󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁹󰁥 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁭󰁩ş󰁴󰁩󰁲. A󰁮󰁣󰁡󰁫 󰁢󰁵 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰃼󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁭 󰁶󰁥 󰁤󰁡ğı󰁴ı󰁭ı 󰁧󰁥󰁲󰃧󰁥󰁫󰁬󰁥ş󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁫 󰁫ı󰁴 󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁫 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁫󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁳󰁥󰁬 󰁡󰁲󰁳󰁡󰁮ı󰁮 󰁥󰁬󰁤󰁥 󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁣󰁩󰁤󰁤󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 ş󰁥󰁫󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁥 󰁺󰁯󰁲󰁬󰁡ş󰁴ığı 2000󲀙󰁬󰁩 󰁹ı󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁤󰁡 󰁤󰁡󰁨󰁡 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴ı󰁣ı 󰃧󰃶󰁺󰃼󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁩󰁨󰁴󰁩󰁹󰁡󰃧 󰁤󰁵󰁹󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁣󰁡󰁫󰁴ı󰁲. 󰁙󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁄󰁡ğı󰁴ı󰁭󰁤󰁡 󰁍󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁬󰁡ş󰁭󰁡󰁭ış 󰁍󰁥󰁫󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁲 2000󲀙󰁬󰁩 󰁹ı󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁤󰁡 T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥 󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁩󰁮ş󰁡󰁡󰁴 󰁳󰁥󰁫󰁴󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁮󰁥 󰁢󰁡ğ󰁬ı 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁫󰁴󰁡 󰁴󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁡 󰃧󰁡󰁬ışı󰁬󰁤ığı 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. 2003 󰁹ı󰁬ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁫 󰁹󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁭󰁡󰁮ı󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁣ı 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁩ş󰁧󰁡󰁬 󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮ı󰁮 󰁩ş󰁧󰁡󰁬󰁣󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰁳󰁡󰁴ışı 󰁦󰁩󰁫󰁲󰁩 󰁹󰁡󰁹󰁧ı󰁮󰁬󰁡ş󰁭ış, 󰁳󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 2003 󰁹ı󰁬ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 AKP 󰁨󰃼󰁫󰃼󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁩 󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁦ı󰁮󰁤󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁵 󰁢󰁡ğ󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁤󰁡 󰁹󰁥󰁮󰁩 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁡󰁦 󰁴󰁡󰁳󰁡󰁲ı󰁳ı 󰁧󰃼󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁭󰁥 󰁧󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁩ş󰁴󰁩󰁲. A󰁳󰁬ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁵 󰁴󰁡󰁳󰁡󰁲ı T󰁥󰁭󰁭󰁵󰁺 1996󲀙󰁤󰁡 R󰁥󰁦󰁡󰁨󰁹󰁯󰁬 󰁨󰃼󰁫󰃼󰁭󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁫󰁡󰁹󰁮󰁡󰁫 󰁰󰁡󰁫󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥 󰁢󰁵󰁬󰁵󰁮󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁹󰁤󰁩. D󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁮 İ󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁢󰁵󰁬 B󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁫ş󰁥󰁨󰁩󰁲 B󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁹󰁥 B󰁡ş󰁫󰁡󰁮ı R󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁰 T󰁡󰁹󰁹󰁩󰁰 E󰁲󰁤󰁯ğ󰁡󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁲󰃶󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁡󰁪ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󲀜 󰁢󰁵 󰁹󰁯󰁬󰁬󰁡 2 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁹󰁯󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁮󰁡󰁮ı󰁮 󰁭󰁥ş󰁲󰁵󰁬󰁡ş󰁡󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁣󰁥ğ󰁩󰁮󰁩  󲀝 󰁛1997: 17󰁝 󰁢󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁴󰁭󰁩ş󰁴󰁩󰁲. 5  2004 󰁹ı󰁬ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 TOKİ󲀙󰁹󰁥 󰁧󰃶󰁲󰃼󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁭󰁩ş 󰁡󰁹󰁲ı󰁣󰁡󰁬ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁲 4  T󰃼󰁲󰁫󰁩󰁹󰁥󲀙󰁤󰁥󰁫󰁩 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩 󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁩 󰁧󰁥󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁬󰁥󰁲, 󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁶󰁥 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁶󰁥󰁴󰁬󰁥󰁲 󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁡󰁬ı󰁮󰁡󰁮 󰁰󰁡󰁹󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁩󰃧󰁥󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. S󰁥󰁲󰁶󰁥󰁴 󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁡󰁬ı󰁮󰁡󰁮 󰁰󰁡󰁹󰁬󰁡󰁲, 󰁧󰁡󰁹󰁲󰁩󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁫󰁵󰁬󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮 󰁳󰁡󰁴ış 󰁹󰁡 󰁤󰁡 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁳󰁥󰁴 󰁹󰁯󰁬󰁵󰁹󰁬󰁡 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁫󰁡󰁬 󰁥󰁴󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁩 󰁳ı󰁲󰁡󰁳ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁮, 󰁹󰁡󰁰ı󰁬󰁡󰁮 󰁫󰁡󰁭󰁵 󰁹󰁡󰁴ı󰁲ı󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁵󰁣󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁯󰁬󰁵ş󰁡󰁮 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁲󰁴ış󰁬󰁡󰁲ı 󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁫󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁨󰁳󰁵󰁳 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁫 ş󰁡󰁲󰁴ı󰁹󰁬󰁡 ş󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁦󰁩󰁹󰁥 󰁯󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁫 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁲󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. B󰁵󰁮󰁵󰁮 󰁤ışı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁫󰁬󰁥 󰁭󰃼󰁬󰁫󰃼󰁮 󰁧󰁥󰁲󰃧󰁥󰁫 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰃧󰁯󰁫 󰁡󰁬󰁴ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁢󰁩󰁲 󰁤󰁥ğ󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁰󰁩󰁴󰁩 󰃼󰁺󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁥󰁭󰁬󰁡󰁫 󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁡󰁬ı󰁮󰁤ığı 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁭󰁥󰁫󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁲. 5  E󰁲󰁤󰁯ğ󰁡󰁮󲀙ı󰁮 İ󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁢󰁵󰁬 B󰃼󰁹󰃼󰁫ş󰁥󰁨󰁩󰁲 B󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁹󰁥 󰁢󰁡ş󰁫󰁡󰁮󰁬ığı󰁮󰁡 󰁡󰁤󰁡󰁹 󰁯󰁬󰁤󰁵ğ󰁵 󰁤󰃶󰁮󰁥󰁭󰁤󰁥, O󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁮ı󰁮󰁤󰁡 6 󰁫󰁡󰃧󰁡󰁫 󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁵󰁴 󰁹󰁡󰁰󰁭󰁡 󰁴󰁥ş󰁥󰁢󰁢󰃼󰁳󰃼󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁨󰃼󰁫󰃼󰁭 󰁧󰁩󰁹󰁭󰁩ş 󰁯󰁬󰁭󰁡󰁳ı 󰁶󰁥 󰁧󰃶󰃧 󰁳󰁯󰁲󰁵󰁮󰁵 󰃧󰃶󰁺󰃼󰁬󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁮 󰁧󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁫󰁯󰁮󰁤󰁵 󰁹󰁡󰁰󰁡󰁮󰁬󰁡󰁲ı󰁮 󰁳󰁵󰃧󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁹󰁡󰁣󰁡ğı 󰁡󰃧ı󰁫󰁬󰁡󰁭󰁡󰁬󰁡󰁲ı, 󰁴󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁵󰁭󰁵󰁮 󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁩ş 󰁫󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁭󰁬󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮 󰁳󰁥󰁭󰁰󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁩 󰁫󰁡󰁺󰁡󰁮󰁭󰁡󰁳ı󰁮󰁡 󰁹󰁯󰁬 󰁡󰃧󰁭ış󰁴ı󰁲 󰁛B󰁯󰁲󰁡, 2000: 67󰁝.
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