Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton–proton collisions at and 2.36 TeV with ALICE at LHC

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Charged-particle production was studied in proton–proton collisions collected at the LHC with the ALICE detector at centre-of-mass energies 0.9 TeV and 2.36 TeV in the pseudorapidity range |η|<1.4. In the central region (|η|<0.5), at 0.9 TeV,

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    a  r   X   i  v  :   1   0   0   4 .   3   0   3   4  v   2   [   h  e  p  -  e  x   ]   6   M  a  y   2   0   1   0 ALICE Collaboration: Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton-proton collisions at ... arXiv:1004.3034[hep-ex] Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton-protoncollisions at  √  s   = 0 . 9  and  2 . 36 TeV with ALICE at LHC ALICE collaboration This publication is dedicated to the memory of our colleague Hans-˚Ake Gustafsson.K. Aamodt 79 , N. Abel 42 , U. Abeysekara 77 , A. Abrahantes Quintana 41 , A. Abramyan 114 , D. Adamov´a 87 ,M.M. Aggarwal 25 , G. Aglieri Rinella 39 , A.G. Agocs 18 , S. Aguilar Salazar 65 , Z. Ahammed 54 , A. Ahmad 2 , N. Ahmad 2 ,S.U. Ahn 49 i , R. Akimoto 102 , A. Akindinov 68 , D. Aleksandrov 70 , B. Alessandro 107 , R. Alfaro Molina 65 , A. Alici 13 ,E. Almar´az Avi˜na 65 , J. Alme 8 , T. Alt 42 ii , V. Altini 5 , S. Altinpinar 31 , C. Andrei 17 , A. Andronic 31 , G. Anelli 39 ,V. Angelov 42 ii , C. Anson 27 , T. Antiˇci´c 115 , F. Antinori 39 iii , S. Antinori 13 , K. Antipin 36 , D. Anto´nczyk 36 ,P. Antonioli 14 , A. Anzo 65 , L. Aphecetche 73 , H. Appelsh¨auser 36 , S. Arcelli 13 , R. Arceo 65 , A. Arend 36 , N. Armesto 94 ,R. Arnaldi 107 , T. Aronsson 74 , I.C. Arsene 79 iv , A. Asryan 100 , A. Augustinus 39 , R. Averbeck 31 , T.C. Awes 76 ,J. ¨Ayst¨o 48 , M.D. Azmi 2 , S. Bablok 8 , M. Bach 35 , A. Badal`a 24 , Y.W. Baek 49 i , S. Bagnasco 107 , R. Bailhache 31 v ,R. Bala 106 , A. Baldisseri 91 , A. Baldit 26 , J. B´an 57 , R. Barbera 23 , G.G. Barnaf¨oldi 18 , L. Barnby 12 , V. Barret 26 ,J. Bartke 29 , F. Barile 5 , M. Basile 13 , V. Basmanov 96 , N. Bastid 26 , B. Bathen 72 , G. Batigne 73 , B. Batyunya 34 ,C. Baumann 72 v , I.G. Bearden 28 , B. Becker 20 vi , I. Belikov 101 , R. Bellwied 33 , E. Belmont-Moreno 65 , A. Belogianni 4 ,L. Benhabib 73 , S. Beole 106 , I. Berceanu 17 , A. Bercuci 31 vii , E. Berdermann 31 , Y. Berdnikov 38 , L. Betev 39 ,A. Bhasin 47 , A.K. Bhati 25 , L. Bianchi 106 , N. Bianchi 37 , C. Bianchin 80 , J. Bielˇc´ık 82 , J. Bielˇc´ıkov´a 87 , A. Bilandzic 3 ,L. Bimbot 78 , E. Biolcati 106 , A. Blanc 26 , F. Blanco 23 viii , F. Blanco 63 , D. Blau 70 , C. Blume 36 , M. Boccioli 39 ,N. Bock 27 , A. Bogdanov 69 , H. Bøggild 28 , M. Bogolyubsky 84 , J. Bohm 98 , L. Boldizs´ar 18 , M. Bombara 56 ,C. Bombonati 80 x , M. Bondila 48 , H. Borel 91 , V. Borshchov 50 , A. Borisov 51 , C. Bortolin 80 xl , S. Bose 53 , L. Bosisio 103 ,F. Boss´u 106 , M. Botje 3 , S. B¨ottger 42 , G. Bourdaud 73 , B. Boyer 78 , M. Braun 100 , P. Braun-Munzinger 31 , 32 ii ,L. Bravina 79 , M. Bregant 103 xi , T. Breitner 42 , G. Bruckner 39 , R. Brun 39 , E. Bruna 74 , G.E. Bruno 5 , D. Budnikov 96 ,H. Buesching 36 , P. Buncic 39 , O. Busch 43 , Z. Buthelezi 22 , D. Caffarri 80 , X. Cai 113 , H. Caines 74 , E. Camacho 66 ,P. Camerini 103 , M. Campbell 39 , V. Canoa Roman 39 , G.P. Capitani 37 , G. Cara Romeo 14 , F. Carena 39 , W. Carena 39 ,F. Carminati 39 , A. Casanova D´ıaz 37 , M. Caselle 39 , J. Castillo Castellanos 91 , J.F. Castillo Hernandez 31 ,V. Catanescu 17 , E. Cattaruzza 103 , C. Cavicchioli 39 , P. Cerello 107 , V. Chambert 78 , B. Chang 98 , S. Chapeland 39 ,A. Charpy 78 , J.L. Charvet 91 , S. Chattopadhyay 53 , S. Chattopadhyay 54 , M. Cherney 77 , C. Cheshkov 39 , B. Cheynis 62 ,E. Chiavassa 106 , V. Chibante Barroso 39 , D.D. Chinellato 21 , P. Chochula 39 , K. Choi 86 , M. Chojnacki 108 ,P. Christakoglou 108 , C.H. Christensen 28 , P. Christiansen 61 , T. Chujo 105 , F. Chuman 44 , C. Cicalo 20 , L. Cifarelli 13 ,F. Cindolo 14 , J. Cleymans 22 , O. Cobanoglu 106 , J.-P. Coffin 101 , S. Coli 107 , A. Colla 39 , G. Conesa Balbastre 37 ,Z. Conesa del Valle 73 xii , E.S. Conner 112 , P. Constantin 43 , G. Contin 103 x , J.G. Contreras 66 , Y. Corrales Morales 106 ,T.M. Cormier 33 , P. Cortese 1 , I. Cort´es Maldonado 85 , M.R. Cosentino 21 , F. Costa 39 , M.E. Cotallo 63 , E. Crescio 66 ,P. Crochet 26 , E. Cuautle 64 , L. Cunqueiro 37 , J. Cussonneau 73 , A. Dainese 81 , H.H. Dalsgaard 28 , A. Danu 16 , I. Das 53 ,S. Das 53 , A. Dash 11 , S. Dash 11 , G.O.V. de Barros 95 , A. De Caro 92 , G. de Cataldo 6 , J. de Cuveland 42 ii , A. De Falco 19 ,M. De Gaspari 43 , J. de Groot 39 , D. De Gruttola 92 , N. De Marco 107 , S. De Pasquale 92 , R. De Remigis 107 ,R. de Rooij 108 , G. de Vaux 22 , H. Delagrange 73 , G. Dellacasa 1 , A. Deloff  109 , V. Demanov 96 , E. D´enes 18 ,A. Deppman 95 , G. D’Erasmo 5 , D. Derkach 100 , A. Devaux 26 , D. Di Bari 5 , C. Di Giglio 5 x , S. Di Liberto 89 ,A. Di Mauro 39 , P. Di Nezza 37 , M. Dialinas 73 , L. D´ıaz 64 , R. D´ıaz 48 , T. Dietel 72 , R. Divi`a 39 , Ø. Djuvsland 8 ,V. Dobretsov 70 , A. Dobrin 61 , T. Dobrowolski 109 , B. D¨onigus 31 , I. Dom´ınguez 64 , D.M.M. Don 45 O. Dordic 79 ,A.K. Dubey 54 , J. Dubuisson 39 , L. Ducroux 62 , P. Dupieux 26 , A.K. Dutta Majumdar 53 , M.R. Dutta Majumdar 54 ,D. Elia 6 , D. Emschermann 43 xiv , A. Enokizono 76 , B. Espagnon 78 , M. Estienne 73 , S. Esumi 105 , D. Evans 12 ,S. Evrard 39 , G. Eyyubova 79 , C.W. Fabjan 39 xv , D. Fabris 81 , J. Faivre 40 , D. Falchieri 13 , A. Fantoni 37 , M. Fasel 31 ,O. Fateev 34 , R. Fearick 22 , A. Fedunov 34 , D. Fehlker 8 , V. Fekete 15 , D. Felea 16 , B. Fenton-Olsen 28 xvi , G. Feofilov 100 ,A. Fern´andez T´ellez 85 , E.G. Ferreiro 94 , A. Ferretti 106 , R. Ferretti 1 xvii , M.A.S. Figueredo 95 , S. Filchagin 96 ,R. Fini 6 , F.M. Fionda 5 , E.M. Fiore 5 , M. Floris 19 x , Z. Fodor 18 , S. Foertsch 22 , P. Foka 31 , S. Fokin 70 , F. Formenti 39 ,E. Fragiacomo 104 , M. Fragkiadakis 4 , U. Frankenfeld 31 , A. Frolov 75 , U. Fuchs 39 , F. Furano 39 , C. Furget 40 ,M. Fusco Girard 92 , J.J. Gaardhøje 28 , S. Gadrat 40 , M. Gagliardi 106 , A. Gago 59 , M. Gallio 106 , P. Ganoti 4 ,M.S. Ganti 54 , C. Garabatos 31 , C. Garc´ıa Trapaga 106 , J. Gebelein 42 , R. Gemme 1 , M. Germain 73 , A. Gheata 39 ,M. Gheata 39 , B. Ghidini 5 , P. Ghosh 54 , G. Giraudo 107 , P. Giubellino 107 , E. Gladysz-Dziadus 29 , R. Glasow 72 xix ,  2 P. Gl¨assel 43 , A. Glenn 60 , R. G´omez Jim´enez 30 , H. Gonz´alez Santos 85 , L.H. Gonz´alez-Trueba 65 , P. Gonz´alez-Zamora 63 ,S. Gorbunov 42 ii , Y. Gorbunov 77 , S. Gotovac 99 , H. Gottschlag 72 , V. Grabski 65 , R. Grajcarek 43 , A. Grelli 108 ,A. Grigoras 39 , C. Grigoras 39 , V. Grigoriev 69 , A. Grigoryan 114 , S. Grigoryan 34 , B. Grinyov 51 , N. Grion 104 ,P. Gros 61 , J.F. Grosse-Oetringhaus 39 , J.-Y. Grossiord 62 , R. Grosso 81 , F. Guber 67 , R. Guernane 40 , B. Guerzoni 13 ,K. Gulbrandsen 28 , H. Gulkanyan 114 , T. Gunji 102 , A. Gupta 47 , R. Gupta 47 , H.-A. Gustafsson 61 xix , H. Gutbrod 31 ,Ø. Haaland 8 , C. Hadjidakis 78 , M. Haiduc 16 , H. Hamagaki 102 , G. Hamar 18 , J. Hamblen 52 , B.H. Han 97 , J.W. Harris 74 ,M. Hartig 36 , A. Harutyunyan 114 , D. Hasch 37 , D. Hasegan 16 , D. Hatzifotiadou 14 , A. Hayrapetyan 114 , M. Heide 72 ,M. Heinz 74 , H. Helstrup 9 , A. Herghelegiu 17 , C. Hern´andez 31 , G. Herrera Corral 66 , N. Herrmann 43 , K.F. Hetland 9 ,B. Hicks 74 , A. Hiei 44 , P.T. Hille 79 xx , B. Hippolyte 101 , T. Horaguchi 44 xxi , Y. Hori 102 , P. Hristov 39 , I. Hˇrivn´aˇcov´a 78 ,S. Hu 7 , M. Huang 8 , S. Huber 31 , T.J. Humanic 27 , D. Hutter 35 , D.S. Hwang 97 , R. Ichou 73 , R. Ilkaev 96 , I. Ilkiv 109 ,M. Inaba 105 , P.G. Innocenti 39 , M. Ippolitov 70 , M. Irfan 2 , C. Ivan 108 , A. Ivanov 100 , M. Ivanov 31 , V. Ivanov 38 ,T. Iwasaki 44 , A. Jacholkowski 39 , P. Jacobs 10 , L. Janˇcurov´a 34 , S. Jangal 101 , R. Janik 15 , C. Jena 11 , S. Jena 71 ,L. Jirden 39 , G.T. Jones 12 , P.G. Jones 12 , P. Jovanovi´c 12 , H. Jung 49 , W. Jung 49 , A. Jusko 12 , A.B. Kaidalov 68 ,S. Kalcher 42 ii , P. Kaliˇn´ak 57 , M. Kalisky 72 , T. Kalliokoski 48 , A. Kalweit 32 , A. Kamal 2 , R. Kamermans 108 ,K. Kanaki 8 , E. Kang 49 , J.H. Kang 98 , J. Kapitan 87 , V. Kaplin 69 , S. Kapusta 39 , O. Karavichev 67 , T. Karavicheva 67 ,E. Karpechev 67 , A. Kazantsev 70 , U. Kebschull 42 , R. Keidel 112 , M.M. Khan 2 , S.A. Khan 54 , A. Khanzadeev 38 ,Y. Kharlov 84 , D. Kikola 110 , B. Kileng 9 , D.J Kim 48 , D.S. Kim 49 , D.W. Kim 49 , H.N. Kim 49 , J. Kim 84 , J.H. Kim 97 ,J.S. Kim 49 , M. Kim 49 , M. Kim 98 , S.H. Kim 49 , S. Kim 97 , Y. Kim 98 , S. Kirsch 39 , I. Kisel 42 iv , S. Kiselev 68 ,A. Kisiel 27 x , J.L. Klay 93 , J. Klein 43 , C. Klein-B¨osing 39 xiv , M. Kliemant 36 , A. Klovning 8 , A. Kluge 39 , S. Kniege 36 ,K. Koch 43 , R. Kolevatov 79 , A. Kolojvari 100 , V. Kondratiev 100 , N. Kondratyeva 69 , A. Konevskih 67 , E. Korna´s 29 ,R. Kour 12 , M. Kowalski 29 , S. Kox 40 , K. Kozlov 70 , J. Kral 82 xi , I. Kr´alik 57 , F. Kramer 36 , I. Kraus 32 iv ,A. Kravˇc´akov´a 56 , T. Krawutschke 55 , M. Krivda 12 , D. Krumbhorn 43 , M. Krus 82 , E. Kryshen 38 , M. Krzewicki 3 ,Y. Kucheriaev 70 , C. Kuhn 101 , P.G. Kuijer 3 , L. Kumar 25 , N. Kumar 25 , R. Kupczak 110 , P. Kurashvili 109 , A. Kurepin 67 ,A.N. Kurepin 67 , A. Kuryakin 96 , S. Kushpil 87 , V. Kushpil 87 , M. Kutouski 34 , H. Kvaerno 79 , M.J. Kweon 43 , Y. Kwon 98 ,P. La Rocca 23 xxii , F. Lackner 39 , P. Ladr´on de Guevara 63 , V. Lafage 78 , C. Lal 47 , C. Lara 42 , D.T. Larsen 8 ,G. Laurenti 14 , C. Lazzeroni 12 , Y. Le Bornec 78 , N. Le Bris 73 , H. Lee 86 , K.S. Lee 49 , S.C. Lee 49 , F. Lef`evre 73 ,M. Lenhardt 73 , L. Leistam 39 , J. Lehnert 36 , V. Lenti 6 , H. Le´on 65 , I. Le´on Monz´on 30 , H. Le´on Vargas 36 , P. L´evai 18 ,X. Li 7 , Y. Li 7 , R. Lietava 12 , S. Lindal 79 , V. Lindenstruth 42 ii , C. Lippmann 39 , M.A. Lisa 27 , O. Listratenko 50 ,L. Liu 8 , V. Loginov 69 , S. Lohn 39 , X. Lopez 26 , M. L´opez Noriega 78 , R. L´opez-Ram´ırez 85 , E. L´opez Torres 41 ,G. Løvhøiden 79 , A. Lozea Feijo Soares 95 , S. Lu 7 , M. Lunardon 80 , G. Luparello 106 , L. Luquin 73 , J.-R. Lutz 101 ,K. Ma 113 , R. Ma 74 , D.M. Madagodahettige-Don 45 , A. Maevskaya 67 , M. Mager 32 x , D.P. Mahapatra 11 , A. Maire 101 ,I. Makhlyueva 39 , D. Mal’Kevich 68 , M. Malaev 38 , K.J. Malagalage 77 , I. Maldonado Cervantes 64 , M. Malek 78 ,T. Malkiewicz 48 , P. Malzacher 31 , A. Mamonov 96 , L. Manceau 26 , L. Mangotra 47 , V. Manko 70 , F. Manso 26 , V. Manzari 6 ,Y. Mao 113 xxiv , J. Mareˇs 83 , G.V. Margagliotti 103 , A. Margotti 14 , A. Mar´ın 31 , I. Martashvili 52 , P. Martinengo 39 ,M.I. Mart´ınez Hern´andez 85 , A. Mart´ınez Davalos 65 , G. Mart´ınez Garc´ıa 73 , Y. Maruyama 44 , A. Marzari Chiesa 106 ,S. Masciocchi 31 , M. Masera 106 , M. Masetti 13 , A. Masoni 20 , L. Massacrier 62 , M. Mastromarco 6 , A. Mastroserio 5 x ,Z.L. Matthews 12 , A. Matyja 29 xxxiv , D. Mayani 64 , G. Mazza 107 , M.A. Mazzoni 89 , F. Meddi 88 , A. Menchaca-Rocha 65 ,P. Mendez Lorenzo 39 , M. Meoni 39 , J. Mercado P´erez 43 , P. Mereu 107 , Y. Miake 105 , A. Michalon 101 , N. Miftakhov 38 ,J. Milosevic 79 , F. Minafra 5 , A. Mischke 108 , D. Mi´skowiec 31 , C. Mitu 16 , K. Mizoguchi 44 , J. Mlynarz 33 , B. Mohanty 54 ,L. Molnar 18 x , M.M. Mondal 54 , L. Monta˜no Zetina 66 xxv , M. Monteno 107 , E. Montes 63 , M. Morando 80 , S. Moretto 80 ,A. Morsch 39 , T. Moukhanova 70 , V. Muccifora 37 , E. Mudnic 99 , S. Muhuri 54 , H. M¨uller 39 , M.G. Munhoz 95 ,J. Munoz 85 , L. Musa 39 , A. Musso 107 , B.K. Nandi 71 , R. Nania 14 , E. Nappi 6 , F. Navach 5 , S. Navin 12 , T.K. Nayak 54 ,S. Nazarenko 96 , G. Nazarov 96 , A. Nedosekin 68 , F. Nendaz 62 , J. Newby 60 , A. Nianine 70 , M. Nicassio 6 x , B.S. Nielsen 28 ,S. Nikolaev 70 , V. Nikolic 115 , S. Nikulin 70 , V. Nikulin 38 , B.S. Nilsen 77 , M.S. Nilsson 79 , F. Noferini 14 , P. Nomokonov 34 ,G. Nooren 108 , N. Novitzky 48 , A. Nyatha 71 , C. Nygaard 28 , A. Nyiri 79 , J. Nystrand 8 , A. Ochirov 100 , G. Odyniec 10 ,H. Oeschler 32 , M. Oinonen 48 , K. Okada 102 , Y. Okada 44 , M. Oldenburg 39 , J. Oleniacz 110 , C. Oppedisano 107 ,F. Orsini 91 , A. Ortiz Velasquez 64 , G. Ortona 106 , A. Oskarsson 61 , F. Osmic 39 , L. ¨Osterman 61 , P. Ostrowski 110 ,I. Otterlund 61 , J. Otwinowski 31 , G. Øvrebekk 8 , K. Oyama 43 , K. Ozawa 102 , Y. Pachmayer 43 , M. Pachr 82 ,F. Padilla 106 , P. Pagano 92 , G. Pai´c 64 , F. Painke 42 , C. Pajares 94 , S. Pal 53 xxvii , S.K. Pal 54 , A. Palaha 12 , A. Palmeri 24 ,R. Panse 42 , V. Papikyan 114 , G.S. Pappalardo 24 , W.J. Park 31 , B. Pastirˇc´ak 57 , C. Pastore 6 , V. Paticchio 6 ,A. Pavlinov 33 , T. Pawlak 110 , T. Peitzmann 108 , A. Pepato 81 , H. Pereira 91 , D. Peressounko 70 , C. P´erez 59 , D. Perini 39 ,D. Perrino 5 x , W. Peryt 110 , J. Peschek 42 ii , A. Pesci 14 , V. Peskov 64 x , Y. Pestov 75 , A.J. Peters 39 , V. Petr´aˇcek 82 ,A. Petridis 4 xix , M. Petris 17 , P. Petrov 12 , M. Petrovici 17 , C. Petta 23 , J. Peyr´e 78 , S. Piano 104 , A. Piccotti 107 ,M. Pikna 15 , P. Pillot 73 , O. Pinazza 14 x , L. Pinsky 45 , N. Pitz 36 , F. Piuz 39 , R. Platt 12 , M. Plosko´n 10 , J. Pluta 110 ,T. Pocheptsov 34 xxviii , S. Pochybova 18 , P.L.M. Podesta Lerma 30 , F. Poggio 106 , M.G. Poghosyan 106 , K. Pol´ak 83 ,B. Polichtchouk 84 , P. Polozov 68 , V. Polyakov 38 , B. Pommeresch 8 , A. Pop 17 , F. Posa 5 , V. Posp´ıˇsil 82 , B. Potukuchi 47 ,J. Pouthas 78 , S.K. Prasad 54 , R. Preghenella 13 xxii , F. Prino 107 , C.A. Pruneau 33 , I. Pshenichnov 67 , G. Puddu 19 ,P. Pujahari 71 , A. Pulvirenti 23 , A. Punin 96 , V. Punin 96 , M. Putiˇs 56 , J. Putschke 74 , E. Quercigh 39 , A. Rachevski 104 ,A. Rademakers 39 , S. Radomski 43 , T.S. R¨aih¨a 48 , J. Rak 48 , A. Rakotozafindrabe 91 , L. Ramello 1 , A. Ram´ırez Reyes 66 ,  3 M. Rammler 72 , R. Raniwala 46 , S. Raniwala 46 , S.S. R¨as¨anen 48 , I. Rashevskaya 104 , S. Rath 11 , K.F. Read 52 , J.S. Real 40 ,K. Redlich 109 xli , R. Renfordt 36 , A.R. Reolon 37 , A. Reshetin 67 , F. Rettig 42 ii , J.-P. Revol 39 , K. Reygers 72 xxix ,H. Ricaud 101 xxx , L. Riccati 107 , R.A. Ricci 58 , M. Richter 8 , P. Riedler 39 , W. Riegler 39 , F. Riggi 23 , A. Rivetti 107 ,M. Rodriguez Cahuantzi 85 , K. Røed 9 , D. R¨ohrich 39 xxxi , S. Rom´an L´opez 85 , R. Romita 5 iv , F. Ronchetti 37 ,P. Rosinsk´y 39 , P. Rosnet 26 , S. Rossegger 39 , A. Rossi 103 , F. Roukoutakis 39 xxxii , S. Rousseau 78 , C. Roy 73 xii ,P. Roy 53 , A.J. Rubio-Montero 63 , R. Rui 103 , I. Rusanov 43 , G. Russo 92 , E. Ryabinkin 70 , A. Rybicki 29 , S. Sadovsky 84 ,K. ˇSafaˇr´ık 39 , R. Sahoo 80 , J. Saini 54 , P. Saiz 39 , D. Sakata 105 , C.A. Salgado 94 , R. Salgueiro Domingues da Silva 39 ,S. Salur 10 , T. Samanta 54 , S. Sambyal 47 , V. Samsonov 38 , L. ˇS´andor 57 , A. Sandoval 65 , M. Sano 105 , S. Sano 102 ,R. Santo 72 , R. Santoro 5 , J. Sarkamo 48 , P. Saturnini 26 , E. Scapparone 14 , F. Scarlassara 80 , R.P. Scharenberg 111 ,C. Schiaua 17 , R. Schicker 43 , H. Schindler 39 , C. Schmidt 31 , H.R. Schmidt 31 , K. Schossmaier 39 , S. Schreiner 39 ,S. Schuchmann 36 , J. Schukraft 39 , Y. Schutz 73 , K. Schwarz 31 , K. Schweda 43 , G. Scioli 13 , E. Scomparin 107 ,G. Segato 80 , D. Semenov 100 , S. Senyukov 1 , J. Seo 49 , S. Serci 19 , L. Serkin 64 , E. Serradilla 63 , A. Sevcenco 16 , I. Sgura 5 ,G. Shabratova 34 , R. Shahoyan 39 , G. Sharkov 68 , N. Sharma 25 , S. Sharma 47 , K. Shigaki 44 , M. Shimomura 105 ,K. Shtejer 41 , Y. Sibiriak 70 , M. Siciliano 106 , E. Sicking 39 xxxiii , E. Siddi 20 , T. Siemiarczuk 109 , A. Silenzi 13 ,D. Silvermyr 76 , E. Simili 108 , G. Simonetti 5 x , R. Singaraju 54 , R. Singh 47 , V. Singhal 54 , B.C. Sinha 54 , T. Sinha 53 ,B. Sitar 15 , M. Sitta 1 , T.B. Skaali 79 , K. Skjerdal 8 , R. Smakal 82 , N. Smirnov 74 , R. Snellings 3 , H. Snow 12 , C. Søgaard 28 ,A. Soloviev 84 , H.K. Soltveit 43 , R. Soltz 60 , W. Sommer 36 , C.W. Son 86 , H. Son 97 , M. Song 98 , C. Soos 39 , F. Soramel 80 ,D. Soyk 31 , M. Spyropoulou-Stassinaki 4 , B.K. Srivastava 111 , J. Stachel 43 , F. Staley 91 , E. Stan 16 , G. Stefanek 109 ,G. Stefanini 39 , T. Steinbeck 42 ii , E. Stenlund 61 , G. Steyn 22 , D. Stocco 106 xxxiv , R. Stock 36 , P. Stolpovsky 84 ,P. Strmen 15 , A.A.P. Suaide 95 , M.A. Subieta V´asquez 106 , T. Sugitate 44 , C. Suire 78 , M. ˇSumbera 87 , T. Susa 115 ,D. Swoboda 39 , J. Symons 10 , A. Szanto de Toledo 95 , I. Szarka 15 , A. Szostak 20 , M. Szuba 110 , M. Tadel 39 , C. Tagridis 4 ,A. Takahara 102 , J. Takahashi 21 , R. Tanabe 105 , D.J. Tapia Takaki 78 , H. Taureg 39 , A. Tauro 39 , M. Tavlet 39 ,G. Tejeda Mu˜noz 85 , A. Telesca 39 , C. Terrevoli 5 , J. Th¨ader 42 ii , R. Tieulent 62 , D. Tlusty 82 , A. Toia 39 , T. Tolyhy 18 ,C. Torcato de Matos 39 , H. Torii 44 , G. Torralba 42 , L. Toscano 107 , F. Tosello 107 , A. Tournaire 73 xxxv , T. Traczyk 110 ,P. Tribedy 54 , G. Tr¨oger 42 , D. Truesdale 27 , W.H. Trzaska 48 , G. Tsiledakis 43 , E. Tsilis 4 , T. Tsuji 102 , A. Tumkin 96 ,R. Turrisi 81 , A. Turvey 77 , T.S. Tveter 79 , H. Tydesj¨o 39 , K. Tywoniuk 79 , J. Ulery 36 , K. Ullaland 8 , A. Uras 19 , J. Urb´an 56 ,G.M. Urciuoli 89 , G.L. Usai 19 , A. Vacchi 104 , M. Vala 34 ix , L. Valencia Palomo 65 , S. Vallero 43 , N. van der Kolk 3 ,P. Vande Vyvre 39 , M. van Leeuwen 108 , L. Vannucci 58 , A. Vargas 85 , R. Varma 71 , A. Vasiliev 70 , I. Vassiliev 42 xxxii ,M. Vasileiou 4 , V. Vechernin 100 , M. Venaruzzo 103 , E. Vercellin 106 , S. Vergara 85 , R. Vernet 23 xxxvi , M. Verweij 108 ,I. Vetlitskiy 68 , L. Vickovic 99 , G. Viesti 80 , O. Vikhlyantsev 96 , Z. Vilakazi 22 , O. Villalobos Baillie 12 , A. Vinogradov 70 ,L. Vinogradov 100 , Y. Vinogradov 96 , T. Virgili 92 , Y.P. Viyogi 54 , A. Vodopianov 34 , K. Voloshin 68 , S. Voloshin 33 ,G. Volpe 5 , B. von Haller 39 , D. Vranic 31 , J. Vrl´akov´a 56 , B. Vulpescu 26 , B. Wagner 8 , V. Wagner 82 , L. Wallet 39 ,R. Wan 113 xii , D. Wang 113 , Y. Wang 43 , K. Watanabe 105 , Q. Wen 7 , J. Wessels 72 , U. Westerhoff  72 , J. Wiechula 43 ,J. Wikne 79 , A. Wilk 72 , G. Wilk 109 , M.C.S. Williams 14 , N. Willis 78 , B. Windelband 43 , C. Xu 113 , C. Yang 113 ,H. Yang 43 , S. Yasnopolskiy 70 , F. Yermia 73 , J. Yi 86 , Z. Yin 113 , H. Yokoyama 105 , I-K. Yoo 86 , X. Yuan 113 xxxviii ,V. Yurevich 34 , I. Yushmanov 70 , E. Zabrodin 79 , B. Zagreev 68 , A. Zalite 38 , C. Zampolli 39 xxxix , Yu. Zanevsky 34 ,S. Zaporozhets 34 , A. Zarochentsev 100 , P. Z´avada 83 , H. Zbroszczyk 110 , P. Zelnicek 42 , A. Zenin 84 , A. Zepeda 66 ,I. Zgura 16 , M. Zhalov 38 , X. Zhang 113 i , D. Zhou 113 , S. Zhou 7 , J. Zhu 113 , A. Zichichi 13 xxii , A. Zinchenko 34 ,G. Zinovjev 51 , Y. Zoccarato 62 , V. Zych´aˇcek 82 , and M. Zynovyev 51 Affiliation notes i Also at Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Universit´e, Universit´e Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3,Clermont-Ferrand, France ii Also at Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universit¨at Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany iii Now at Sezione INFN, Padova, Italy iv Now at Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum f¨ur Schwerionenforschung, Darm-stadt, Germany v Now at Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universit¨at Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany vi Now at Physics Department, University of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories, Cape Town, South Africa vii Now at National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest, Romania viii Also at University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States ix Now at Faculty of Science, P.J. ˇSaf´arik University, Koˇsice, Slovakia x Now at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland xi Now at Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyv¨askyl¨a, Jyv¨askyl¨a, Finland xii Now at Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien (IPHC), Universit´e de Strasbourg, CNRS-IN2P3, Strasbourg, France xiii Now at Sezione INFN, Bari, Italy xiv Now at Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Westf¨alische Wilhelms-Universit¨at M¨unster, M¨unster, Germany xv Now at: University of Technology and Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria xvi Also at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, United States  4 xvii Also at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland xviii Now at Secci´on F´ısica, Departamento de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Cat´olica del Per´u, Lima, Peru xix Deceased xx Now at Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States xxi Now at University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan xxii Also at Centro Fermi – Centro Studi e Ricerche e Museo Storico della Fisica “Enrico Fermi”, Rome, Italy xxiii Now at Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN, Bari, Italy xxiv Also at Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Universit´e Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3, InstitutPolytechnique de Grenoble, Grenoble, France xxv Now at Dipartimento di Fisica Sperimentale dell’Universit`a and Sezione INFN, Turin, Italy xxvi Now at Physics Department, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, United States xxvii Now at Commissariat `a l’Energie Atomique, IRFU, Saclay, France xxviii Also at Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway xxix Now at Physikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universit¨at Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany xxx Now at Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Technische Universit¨at Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany xxxi Now at Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway xxxii Now at Physics Department, University of Athens, Athens, Greece xxxiii Also at Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Westf¨alische Wilhelms-Universit¨at M¨unster, M¨unster, Germany xxxiv Now at SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Universit´e de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3, Nantes, France xxxv Now at Universit´e de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucl´eaire de Lyon, Lyon, France xxxvi Now at: Centre de Calcul IN2P3, Lyon, France xxxvii Now at Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata, India xxxviii Also at Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Universit`a and Sezione INFN, Padova, Italy xxxix Also at Sezione INFN, Bologna, Italy xl Also at Dipartimento di Fisica dell´Universit`a, Udine, Italy xli Also at Wroclaw University, Wroclaw, Poland Collaboration institutes 1 Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Avanzate dell’Universit`a del Piemonte Orientale and Gruppo Collegato INFN, Alessan-dria, Italy 2 Department of Physics Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India 3 National Institute for Nuclear and High Energy Physics (NIKHEF), Amsterdam, Netherlands 4 Physics Department, University of Athens, Athens, Greece 5 Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica ‘M. Merlin’ and Sezione INFN, Bari, Italy 6 Sezione INFN, Bari, Italy 7 China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing, China 8 Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway 9 Faculty of Engineering, Bergen University College, Bergen, Norway 10 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, United States 11 Institute of Physics, Bhubaneswar, India 12 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom 13 Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Universit`a and Sezione INFN, Bologna, Italy 14 Sezione INFN, Bologna, Italy 15 Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia 16 Institute of Space Sciences (ISS), Bucharest, Romania 17 National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest, Romania 18 KFKI Research Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary 19 Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Universit`a and Sezione INFN, Cagliari, Italy 20 Sezione INFN, Cagliari, Italy 21 Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil 22 Physics Department, University of Cape Town, iThemba Laboratories, Cape Town, South Africa 23 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Universit`a and Sezione INFN, Catania, Italy 24 Sezione INFN, Catania, Italy 25 Physics Department, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India 26 Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire (LPC), Clermont Universit´e, Universit´e Blaise Pascal, CNRS–IN2P3, Clermont-Ferrand, France 27 Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States 28 Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark 29 The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow, Poland  5 30 Universidad Aut´onoma de Sinaloa, Culiac´an, Mexico 31 Research Division and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum f¨ur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt,Germany 32 Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Technische Universit¨at Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany 33 Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, United States 34 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna, Russia 35 Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universit¨at Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany 36 Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universit¨at Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany 37 Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN, Frascati, Italy 38 Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, Russia 39 European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva, Switzerland 40 Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie (LPSC), Universit´e Joseph Fourier, CNRS-IN2P3, Institut Poly-technique de Grenoble, Grenoble, France 41 Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnol´ogicas y Desarrollo Nuclear (CEADEN), Havana, Cuba 42 Kirchhoff-Institut f¨ur Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universit¨at Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany 43 Physikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universit¨at Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany 44 Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan 45 University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States 46 Physics Department, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India 47 Physics Department, University of Jammu, Jammu, India 48 Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and University of Jyv¨askyl¨a, Jyv¨askyl¨a, Finland 49 Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung, South Korea 50 Scientific Research Technological Institute of Instrument Engineering, Kharkov, Ukraine 51 Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kiev, Ukraine 52 University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, United States 53 Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, India 54 Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata, India 55 Fachhochschule K¨oln, K¨oln, Germany 56 Faculty of Science, P.J. ˇSaf´arik University, Koˇsice, Slovakia 57 Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Koˇsice, Slovakia 58 Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, INFN, Legnaro, Italy 59 Secci´on F´ısica, Departamento de Ciencias, Pontificia Universidad Cat´olica del Per´u, Lima, Peru 60 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, United States 61 Division of Experimental High Energy Physics, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden 62 Universit´e de Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucl´eaire de Lyon, Lyon, France 63 Centro de Investigaciones Energ´eticas Medioambientales y Tecnol´ogicas (CIEMAT), Madrid, Spain 64 Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Aut´onoma de M´exico, Mexico City, Mexico 65 Instituto de F´ısica, Universidad Nacional Aut´onoma de M´exico, Mexico City, Mexico 66 Centro de Investigaci´on y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV), Mexico City and M´erida, Mexico 67 Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia 68 Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, Russia 69 Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Moscow, Russia 70 Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia 71 Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai, India 72 Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Westf¨alische Wilhelms-Universit¨at M¨unster, M¨unster, Germany 73 SUBATECH, Ecole des Mines de Nantes, Universit´e de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3, Nantes, France 74 Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States 75 Budker Institute for Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia 76 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, United States 77 Physics Department, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, United States 78 Institut de Physique Nucl´eaire d’Orsay (IPNO), Universit´e Paris-Sud, CNRS-IN2P3, Orsay, France 79 Department of Physics, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway 80 Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Universit`a and Sezione INFN, Padova, Italy 81 Sezione INFN, Padova, Italy 82 Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic 83 Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic 84 Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino, Russia 85 Benem´erita Universidad Aut´onoma de Puebla, Puebla, Mexico 86 Pusan National University, Pusan, South Korea 87 Nuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, ˇReˇz u Prahy, Czech Republic 88 Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Universit`a ‘La Sapienza’ and Sezione INFN, Rome, Italy 89 Sezione INFN, Rome, Italy
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