“The rupture generation” : nineteenth-century Nahua intellectuals in Mexico City, 1774-1882 / La generación de ruptura: Intelectuales nahuas en el siglo XIX en la Ciudad de México, 1774-1882.

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This current dissertation explores several ideas about the construction of the Nahua intellectual tradition in 19th century-Mexico. Initially, the argument of this dissertation focuses on examining the intellectual tradition among Indigenous Peoples

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   Cover Page The handle http://hdl.handle.net/1887/50194  h olds various files of this Leiden University dissertation   Author : Segovia-Liga, A. Title : “The rupture generation” : nineteenth-century Nahua intellectuals in Mexico City, 1774-1882 Issue Date : 2017-06-27    “THE RUPTURE GENERATION:” NINETEENTH CENTURY NAHUA INTELLECTUALS IN MEXICO CITY, 1774-1882 Proefschrift ter verkrijging van de graad van Doctor aan de Universiteit Leiden, op gezag van Rector Magnificus prof. mr. C.J.J.M. Stolker, volgens besluit van het College voor Promoties te verdedigen op dinsdag 27 juni 2017 klokke 15.00 uur door Argelia Segovia Liga geboren te Mexico City in 1980    Promotor Prof. Dr. M.E.R.G.N. Jansen Co- promotor Dr. M. May Castillo Promotiecommissie Prof. Dr. C.L. Hofman, decaan Faculteit der Archeologie (voorzitter) Prof. Dr. J.C.A. Kolen (secretaris) Dr. J. Olko (Universiteit van Warschau) Prof. Dr. D. Pompejano (Universiteit van Messina)  ii TABLE OF CONTENTS “The Rupture Generation:” Nineteenth -Century Nahua Intellectuals in Mexico City, 1780-1882 Acknowledgements  ....................................................................................................................... 1   Archival Abbreviations  ................................................................................................................ 3   Introduction  ................................................................................................................................... 4   Chapter 1 Studying Early Nineteenth-Century Nahua Intellectuals in Mexico City  ........... 10   Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 10   1.1 Statement of the Research Project .......................................................................................... 12   1.1.1 Statement of the Problem ............................................................................................. 15   1.1.2 Identifying Nineteenth Century Nahua Intellectuals ................................................... 21   1.1.3 Analysis on a Few Nineteenth-Century Nahua Intellectuals ....................................... 23   1.1.4   Studying Indigenous Intellectuals through Primary Sources ....................................... 24   1.2 Conclusion to Chapter 1.......................................................................................................... 26   Chapter 2 Methodology: On the Analysis of Primary Sources  .............................................. 28   Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 28   2.1 On the Analysis of Primary Sources ....................................................................................... 29   2.2 Contextualizing the Terms “Indigenous” and “  Indio ”  ............................................................ 31   2.3 An Historical Understanding of the Term “Nahua”  ............................................................... 36   2.4 The Definition of the Term “Intellectual” and its Construction as a Concept  ........................ 38   2.5 Approaching the Concept of “Indigenous Intellectuals”  ........................................................ 45   2.6 “The Rupture Generation:” On Generation Units and Ethnic Bonds  ..................................... 49   2.7 Recent Historiography on Indigenous Intellectuals in Colonial and Nineteenth-Century Mexico .................................................................................................................................... 56   2.8 Conclusion to Chapter 2.......................................................................................................... 62    iii Chapter 3 The Nahua Intellectual Tradition in Mesoamerica and New Spain  .................... 65   Introduction ................................................................................................................................... 65   3.1 On Intellectualism in Mesoamerica ........................................................................................ 66   3.1.1 The Mesoamerican Intellectual Tradition .................................................................... 69   3.1.2 The Nahua Intellectual Tradition in the Valley of Mexico .......................................... 75   3.2 The Spanish Colonial Period: Continuity of the Nahua Intellectual Tradition in the Capital of  New Spain ............................................................................................................................... 81   3.3 Systematization of Nahua Education as a Process of Colonization ........................................ 85   3.3.1 The Colegio de San José de los Naturales  (1527) ....................................................... 87   3.3.2 The Colegio Imperial de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco  (1536) ......................................... 90   3.3.3 The Colegio de San Juan de Letrán  (1548) ................................................................. 93   3.3.4 The  Real y Pontificia Universidad de México  (1551) ................................................. 95   3.3.5 The Colegio Seminario de San Gregorio  (1586) ......................................................... 98   3.3.6 The  Real Academia de San Carlos de las Nobles Artes de la Nueva España  (1784) 100   3.4 Conclusion to Chapter 3........................................................................................................ 102   Chapter 4 Nahua Intellectuals at the Dawn of the Nineteenth Century in Mexico City  .... 104   Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 104   4.1 An Overview on Indigenous Political Participation during the Spanish Colonial Era in Mexico City .......................................................................................................................... 107   4.1.1 The  Parcialidades  ...................................................................................................... 109   4.1.2 Indigenous Cabildos , Cajas de Comunidades  and Cofradías  ................................... 110   4.1.3 Indigenous Participation through Educational Institutions ........................................ 114   4.2 The “Rupture Generation:” Biographical Sketches of Early Nineteenth Century Nahua Intellectuals ........................................................................................................................... 118   4.2.1 Pedro Antonio Patiño Ixtolinque (1774-1834) .......................................................... 119   4.2.2 Juan de Dios Rodríguez Puebla (1798-1848) ............................................................ 129   4.2.3 Faustino Galicia Chimalpopoca (1805-1882) ............................................................ 140   4.3 Conclusion to Chapter 4........................................................................................................ 149  
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