school eee-pc The Netbook in Classroom Instruction at the Praxisvolksschule Kirchlichen Pädagogischen Wien/Krems, Campus Wien-Strebersdorf - PDF

eee-pc school The Netbook in Classroom Instruction at the Praxisvolksschule der Kirchlichen Pädagogischen Hochschule Wien/Krems, Campus Wien-Strebersdorf 3 Multimedia instruction 3 The Netbook

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eee-pc school The Netbook in Classroom Instruction at the Praxisvolksschule der Kirchlichen Pädagogischen Hochschule Wien/Krems, Campus Wien-Strebersdorf 3 Multimedia instruction 3 The Netbook Pilot Project 3 Goals 3 Applications 3 Hardware and Software Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture eee-pc school The Netbook in Classroom Instruction at the Praxisvolksschule der Kirchlichen Pädagogischen Hochschule Wien/Krems, Campus Wien-Strebersdorf Ilse Bailicz Martin Newald Wolfgang Seper Leopold Sperker with the cooperation of Johann Eder and Anton Reiter Imprint ISBN Media owner and publisher: Federal Ministry for Education, Art and Culture, Presidential Directorate/IT June 2009 BMUKK Project location: Praxisvolksschule (PVS) der Kirchlichen Pädagogischen Hochschule (KPH) Wien/Krems, Campus Wien-Strebersdorf, Mayerweckstrasse 1, 1210 Vienna Contributions by: Ilse Bailicz, Martin Newald, Wolfgang Seper, Leopold Sperker with the cooperation of Johann Eder and Anton Reiter Editor: Rosemarie Stöckl-Pexa Layout and graphics: Grafik Design Wurnitsch, 1130 Vienna, Photos: Fotostudio Nikolaus, Praxisvolksschule Print: R. Sporr GmbH & Co KG, 1220 Vienna, All rights reserved. Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture Contents Preface 5 Foreword 7 Introduction 9 1 Netbooks Handy Devices with Special Applications The History of the Eee PC The First Eee PC Successor Models What Are Netbooks? Characteristic Features of Netbooks Notebook, Netbook, PDA (Smartphone) An Attempt at Categorisation Possibilities and Limitations of Netbooks 14 2 The Eee PC Hardware Software Internet 17 3 Use of the Eee PC in Lessons Learning the Skills for Using the Eee PC Learning to Touch-Type Using the Eee PC in the Various Subjects Subject German, Reading, Writing Lesson Example Reading Lesson Example Spelling Lesson Example Grammar Subject Mathematics Subject General Studies Use of the Internet in the Classroom Lesson Example General Studies with Use of the Internet Lesson Example Mathematics with Use of the Internet 30 Contents 4 Project Evaluation ICT Skills in the Primary School New Media in the Primary School Pedagogical Applications of the Eee PC in Lessons Key Questions for Guiding the Evaluation Research Design Initial Results Quantitative Parent Survey Student Survey with Questionnaire (March 2009) Outlook 38 5 Public Relations Work and Media Reports Project Start Project Presentation in Germany News in Upcoming Press 42 6 Development Trends for Mobile Devices Trend 1 - Increased Autonomy (Battery Life) Trend 2 - Increased Display Size Trend 3 - Modularisation Trend 4 - Simplified Control 44 7 Summary 45 8 Brief Biographies 46 Bibliography 47 5 Preface When the Taiwanese computer manufacturer ASUS established a new product category at the end of 2007 with the first Eee PC generation, reactions on the market and among the public were initially subdued. No one truly wanted to believe that all the hard-won technological progress in the field of computer engineering was not always matched by the needs of consumers. But sometimes less really is more! In the 1970s, when microprocessor technology was still in its infancy and the world only knew large computing systems and centralised data processing, the industry was focused on maximising pure computing performance. And with good reason. In the end, Ken Olsen s assumption that [t]here is no reason for any individual to have a computer in his home was finally disproved in the 1980s. Numerous innovations in the computer industry very quickly led to the unprecedented growth of the personal computer and to the digitalisation of an entire society. The current level of technology and its penetration into numerous aspects of private and professional life is the result of the drive for innovation in the industry. The companies in the industry were consistently dedicated to achieving a technological advantage over their competitors. This drove developments that continuously expanded the range of applications. However, in the heady euphoria of progress, some useful applications were often left unconsidered. The products were not always made with people in mind, and the users were not always prepared to handle such a tidal wave of possibilities. There can be no doubt that information technology has vastly improved many work processes and has become a fundamental component of the modern business world. But not everywhere does increased performance equate to an improvement. It is for precisely such areas that the Eee PC was conceived. The Eee PC is directed toward young students and beginners as well as more advanced users. It is equally suited for home, school, study and work. In terms of performance and features, however, the Eee PC takes a step back. For example, it does not make use of the most powerful processors, and maximum memory capacity is also not a priority. Since the USB stick has now established itself as a widespread storage medium, a CD/DVD drive was also intentionally left out. Other attributes were emphasised instead, such as simplicity and mobility. The heart of the system is a fast and energy-efficient Intel Atom processor combined with a high battery capacity and special power conservation functions developed by ASUS to allow users to remain independent of the power network for very long periods. The average weight of an Eee PC of roughly one kilogramme also promotes the concept of mobility. With integrated WLAN or even a UMTS module, the Internet is also constantly available. Lowering the performance bar offers yet another advantage: cost-efficiency. Users save money on a system with reduced capabilities. On the other hand, they are also able to make full use of what is made available to them. Many applications that arise in the home, at work and particularly in an educational environment profit well from the concept behind this class of device. This was also recognised by the director of the Praxisvolksschule, RgR Prof. Johann Eder, and his project team. Since this school located in the heart of Vienna already had some experience with computer-aided learning, there was no shortage of enthusiasm for the evaluation project. The question of whether the Eee PC would actually prove to be an appropriate mini-computer for students also piqued our curiosity here at ASUS. This led to the birth of the project. It became clear over the course of the first few months that a great many more people were also interested in this topic. The project is still being widely discussed in the German and Austrian media. Many schools have become aware of it and are now pursuing similar approaches for utilising the Eee PC as a supplemental learning aid in the classroom. We hope to continue to inspire enthusiasm in schools and among teachers and parents as well as to allay any reservations or concerns. As we observed very clearly in this project, the students themselves were fired up from day one. Of course, the ideas of computer-aided learning, networked schools and the early promotion of media literacy 6 are far from new. Myriad approaches are being undertaken by numerous institutions to promote effective integration of computer hardware into educational instruction. After concerning myself closely with the topic over the past months, however, I am left with the impression that schools often run up against significant obstacles in such efforts. The procurement costs often represent a high initial hurdle. Psychological and pedagogical reservations and fears also still exist in connection with increased use of modern IT in schools. I hope that the project and the team at the Praxisvolksschule in Vienna can clear up some of the prejudices and misunderstandings. Perhaps this project will serve as an inspiration for other schools in how the accomplishments of the IT industry can be put to good use in daily educational instruction. We at ASUS are very pleased at this opportunity to support Prof. Johann Eder and his team in the evaluation project, and we wish them great success as the two-year project continues. Dipl. Kfm. Torsten Schröder, Marketing Manager ASUS Computer GmbH 7 Foreword With the appearance of mini-notebooks, which began their worldwide triumphal procession in 2008 with the Eee PC from ASUS, instructors well-versed in IT and media-based education at the Praxisvolksschule der Kirchlichen Pädagogischen Hochschule Wien/Krems, Campus Wien-Strebersdorf proposed another innovative project to investigate the possibilities of these devices. Over the last decade, the school has also undertaken many internationally well-received evaluations of the application of modern information technology in educational instruction, such as the use of Pocket PCs or interactive whiteboards. The Eee PC 900 series from ASUS was given primary consideration for possible use in the school project. Along with the three E s advertised by the manufacturer ( easy to learn, work and play, excellent Internet experience and entertainment on-the-go ), the low weight of these computers made them appear well suited. Netbooks of this category are much more functional than a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) or a Pocket PC, for example, while offering a format smaller than DIN A4, a weight as low as a sub-notebook at about one kilogramme and a considerably lower purchase price (about 400 euros per computer) all with the trade-off of reduced technical features and performance. After ASUS equipped ten schools in Lower Saxony, Germany, with Eee PCs, the decision was made to apply to ASUS Germany for sponsoring of a project by the Praxisvolksschule der KPH Wien-Krems, Campus Wien-Strebersdorf. To the great pleasure of everyone involved at the school, Marketing Manager Torsten Schröder responded positively to the request and offered to provide 30 ASUS Eee PC 901 netbooks for the project at no cost. The cooperation between ASUS Germany and the PVS officially began on 17 September 2008 with the formal handover of the computers. The students of Class 3a are working with the Eee PC 901s under the supervision of project manager Prof. Ilse Bailicz, who also successfully completed the Pocket PC project. The goal of the project is to test the usability of such devices in everyday instruction and to explore didactic approaches for effective future use of netbooks at primary school level. The plans include classroom instruction using the computers across multiple subjects, and the 901s will also be available for the children to take home for homework and individual activities, just as was possible with the Pocket PCs during that project. In numerous press releases, ASUS has stated that one of the key goals of the project, in addition to generally encouraging the students to enjoy learning, is to increase their media literacy. This approach is intended to clear away any fears or reservations associated with the technology and to support the identification of possible uses of the new netbook PC segment in education. A number of factors predict a high level of success for the project. The size and weight of the Eee PC 901 is a particular advantage for children. The netbook is hardly any larger than a textbook and fits in any schoolbag, and at just over one kilogramme in weight, it should not burden the students as much as a laptop or notebook computer. In consideration of its technical features, the Eee PC was a perfect fit for our project: The long battery life ensures uninterrupted work without annoying cables, the nonreflective display is easy on the eyes, and the robust construction means they can even survive being dropped. With the three USB slots, it is possible to connect various peripheral devices and to save data to USB sticks. The integrated camera allows children to create photographs quickly and easily. Overall, the hardware is entirely sufficient for all applications in primary education. The project has been planned for two years but is already demonstrating success. The children and their parents are enthusiastic, the educational community is extremely interested in the project progress and the programme jury of the World Conference on Computers in Education 2009 held at the end of July in Porto Allegre, Brazil, accepted the talk submitted by Dipl. Päd. Wolfgang Seper into its main programme and proceedings. The excellent empirical and scientific evaluation performed by Prof. Dr. Leopold Sperker and the reception of the PR measures surrounding the project make it particularly clear how important the progress to date has been for the school, ASUS Germany and the Federal Ministry for Education, 8 Arts and Culture (BMUKK), which is supporting the project. Technical support and advice is also available from one of the IT pioneers at the school, Dipl. Päd. Martin Newald, who was one of the first advocates for the project and has pursued it with devotion and great energy. The Eee PC from ASUS is expected to prove an innovative tool within the school of the future not only because it is a sufficiently powerful and flexible device to meet the needs of students and teachers but also due to the fact that it can be flipped shut at any time and set aside or stowed in a desk or school bag when it is no longer needed. This allows the computer to be used as a natural and goal-oriented educational tool. This systematically assembled report in six chapters offers interested readers a detailed description of the device used, the Eee PC 901, by Dipl. Päd. Newald, an account of the practical experiences using the 901 for instructional purposes by Prof. Bailicz, a summary of a number of public relations measures by Dipl. Päd. Seper as well as concrete results of the scientific evaluation performed by Prof. Dr. Sperker, which have been consistently positive. As representatives of two institutions, specifically the KPH Wien/Krems, Campus Wien-Strebersdorf, and the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture, we would like to extend our special thanks to the sponsor company ASUS Germany, represented by Marketing Manager Dipl. Kfm. Torsten Schröder, without whose generous support this highly innovative project would not have been possible. We would also like to thank everyone on the project team who served as authors and made contributions to this report as well as our editor Mag. Rosemarie Stöckl-Pexa, who added a few finer touches, where necessary. Grafik Design Wurnitsch was responsible for attractively laying out the report in book form in accordance with the design guidelines of previous project reports, and the excellent photographs used in the brochure were very professionally provided by Foto-Studio Nikolaus. A printable PDF document is available for download from the BMUKK website under the category Publications : We would like to wish the entire project team a second successful year on the project. Anyone interested in following the further progress is encouraged to read the regular blog that the project team will be maintaining on the ASUS platform RegR Prof. Johann Eder MinR Mag. Dr. Anton Reiter 9 I ntroduction The Praxisvolksschule (PVS) der Kirchlichen Pädagogischen Hochschule (KPH) Wien/Krems, Campus Wien-Strebersdorf, is known throughout Austria and increasingly even beyond its borders as a pioneering school in the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in primary education. Many times already, the school has proven adept at selecting devices suitable for primary school students. Initial evaluations during the course of the ongoing project show that expectations are being met. The Eee PC netbooks from ASUS have passed their first practical test in a 3rd grade class. The project originated out of cooperation between the director of PVS, RegR Prof. Johann Eder, his team of dedicated instructors, the Federal Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture (BMUKK) and an innovative company from the ICT industry. Class instructor Prof. Ilse Bailicz, Dipl. Päd., who also led a participating class through the previous project, prepares the teaching units with the Eee PC and puts them into practice. Dipl. Päd. Martin Newald and Dipl. Päd. Wolfgang Seper, who are responsible for the area of ICT at the PVS, lead the voluntary classes Promoting Interest and Talent (computer-aided learning), which are attended by all students of the project, and also provide technical support. Prof. Mag. Dr. Leopold Sperker is responsible for the accompanying evaluation. The BMUKK has undertaken financing of the project and is represented by MinR Mag. Dr. Anton Reiter. The Eee PC 901 series netbooks have been provided for the project by ASUS at no charge. This report describes the initial project phase from the handover of the Eee PCs on 17 September 2008 up to the middle of the second semester, from which point the students were also permitted to use the computers at home. The contents of this report include technical information about netbooks, their practical applications in school instruction, steps that have already been taken and the further planning supported by the accompanying evaluation as well as documentation of public relations work and media reports. In Chapter 1, Dipl. Päd. Newald explains the meaning of the relatively new term netbook. He covers how the first Eee PC from ASUS, originally intended for families and children, took the international computer market by storm as well as which models ASUS has developed since that time. A categorisation of mobile devices places the netbook somewhere between a personal digital assistant (PDA) or smartphone and a notebook computer. The possibilities of the handy, robust devices are indicated as are their limits, such as being unsuitable for large volumes of data. Chapter 2, also authored by Dipl. Päd. Newald, revolves around the Eee PC 901 used in this project. A detailed description of the hardware is followed by the reasons why this model was particularly well suited for use in primary education for instance due to the small keyboard, low weight and long battery life. A complete list is also provided of the included software, which offers a fully featured office environment. In conclusion, this chapter explains how a simple and safe Internet connection is made available to the children via WLAN with a PC acting as the gateway into the network. Chapter 3 is dedicated to use of the netbook for instructional purposes. Prof. Bailicz shares her practical experiences as class teacher from the children s initial attempts with the drawing and word processing programs to learning how to touch-type and use the Internet. She addresses how the children handle the Eee PC with both curiosity and creativity as well as a sense of responsibility for the expensive device. Multiple lesson examples on various topics created by the class teacher, some of which also make use of the Internet, are offered as illustrations of how netbooks can be effectively used in an educational setting. The students of project class 3a are also given the opportunity to speak out in Chapter 3. For one thing, everyone agrees that learning with the netbooks is fun. The children also share what they particularly like about working with the Eee PCs and whether they already see themselves as little netbook pros. Many stress how proud they are of the computers. 10 In Chapter 4, Prof. Sperker presents the concept for the evaluation that is taking place alongside the project. This includes quantitative and qualitative surveys, observation of lessons recorded on video and performance comparisons in two subjects. The initial results are already available. The parents of the students take a positive attitude toward the use of computers for work and play as well as in primary education. The children are unanimous in their verdict of the Eee PCs; they are satisfied with the computer-aided instruction and proud to be in an Eee PC class. In Chapter 5, Dipl. Päd. Seper summarises the public relations measures undertaken by the
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