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  MAGUREANU: 3 etape ale sociologiei politice ca stiinta 1.   ETAPA EMPIRICA A.   EMPIRISM -   Interdependenta grupuri de interese -   Studiaza ceea ce este masurabil B.   BEHAVIORISM -   Comportament politic: ansamblu motivatii, fapte, actiuni 2.   ETAPA FORMALIZARII A.   FORMALIZARE (teoretica) -   Viata politica: valori, istorie, idei, elite -   Concretizarea metodologiei -   David Easton  –   dezvoltarea conceptului SISTEM POLITIC B.   FUNCTIONALIZARE -   Gabriel Almond: sistemul politic -   3 nivele: interactiunea sistemului politic  –   mediul sau, functionarea interna, mentinere si adaptare -   Contributie: functie, status, rol. C.   ORGANIZATIONALA -   Statul este principal actor. Buna functionare = interdependenta cu institutiile politice si organizatiile sociale 3.   ETAPA EXPERIMENTARII -   Operatiunea instrumente  –   concept  Etapele au avut critici, schimbari. S-a ajuns la un consens: stat-ideologii-sistem politic etc POLITICA SI POLITICUL  NIVELUL SIMTULUI COMUN VS. TEORII POLITICA = domenii concrete: economie culturala, militara etc POLITICA = tipul de actiune ce consta in luarea deciziilor si implementarea lor in cotidian. POLITICA = caracterul actiunii politice ale unui individ sau grup (democrat vs republican) POLITICUL = realitatea politica a unei societati, indiferent de ideologii, perspective, mijloace, efecte etc POLITICA = componenta ideatica a activitatii politice POLITICA = activitate POLITICUL = lupta pt putere, competitie de interese politice (pluriparti), sistem decizional, programe politice (mijloace, obiective, perspective).
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