MO-ME-N-T MOderní MEtody s Novými Technologiemi CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ - PDF

Projekt: Reg.č.: Operační program: Škola: Tematický okruh: Jméno autora: MO-ME-N-T MOderní MEtody s Novými Technologiemi CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Vzdělávání pro konkurenceschopnost Hotelová škola, Vyšší

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Projekt: Reg.č.: Operační program: Škola: Tematický okruh: Jméno autora: MO-ME-N-T MOderní MEtody s Novými Technologiemi CZ.1.07/1.5.00/ Vzdělávání pro konkurenceschopnost Hotelová škola, Vyšší odborná škola hotelnictví a turismu a Jazyková škola s právem státní jazykové zkoušky Poděbrady History of the United Kingdom Bc. Lenka Svobodová Datum: Ročník: (Cíl. skupina): Anotace: Čtvrtý Student je seznámen s klíčovými momenty historie Velké Británie (vývoj starověkých a středověkých kultur, vznik administrativních celků a jejich názvů, vznik feudalismu, založení parlamentu, vznik Spojeného Království) History of the United Kingdom Neolithic people Archaeological monuments found (3000 BC) Stonehenge Kept animals, grew corn, made pottery Built great circles of earth banks and ditches with wooden buildings and stone circles inside Henges = center of religious, political and economic power Beaker people Arrived 2400 BC? Invasion or invited? Skill to make bronze tools Brought barley Spoke Indo-European language Graves furnished with pottery beakers Added new circle of 30 stones to Stonehenge The Celts Arrived around 700 BC Technically advanced knowledge of iron (better weapons, ploughing tools) Organized into tribes tribal chief was chosen by election or by fights between individuals Successful farmers Knew how to enrich soil with natural waste Farmed heavier soil Traded (iron bars)across tribal borders = social and political contact Druids Members of warrior class ruled over Celtic tribes Most of them priests Could not read or write Memorized religious teaching, tribal laws, history, medicine and other things necessary in Celtic society Met once a year in sacred groves of trees (included human sacrifice) The Romans Reasons of invasion (43 AD): Celts of Britain helped Celts of Gaul against the Romans Romans wanted the farming production and know how Built towns connected by roads, had planned streets, markets and shops (some buildings had central heating) Brought reading and writing skills London the capital, important trade centre of northern Europe Increased economic life Kept peace built the Hadrian s Wall to help out raiders from the north The Anglo-Saxons Invaders from powerful Germanic tribes (5th century) Celts pushed to the areas of nowadays Wales, Scotland and Ireland = Celtic languages spoken there Christianity firmly rooted across Britain Minsters places of learning and education Established many kingdoms = beginning of a class system king, lords, soldiers, workers England = the land of the Angles The Saxons divided the land into new administrative areas shires or counties The Normans English King had to fight the Vikings in North = William (of Normandy) captured London and was crowned king of England Established feudalism All lands owned by the king but held by others in returns for services and goods Richard the Lion Heart brave and good soldier, fights in Holy Land Establishment of Parliament Magna Carta signed in 1215 = collaps of feudalism Edward I commanded to send two representatives from each town = The first real parliament established (1275)» House of Commons ( wealthy freemen)» House of Lords Hundred Year War Series of battles between England and France (Joanne of Arc) Impact in the history of both countries: Ideas of English and French nationality Leaving England an island nation without its Continental possessions Using of new kinds of weapons and tactics The War of Roses Series of dynastic wars between direct king descendants who wanted to rule Henry VI, suported by Lancastrians red rose Duke of York, supported by Yorkist white rose Henry Tudor became the king Elizabethan England The Golden Age of Economy Better job and education opportunities Many new schools founded Trade flourished Improvement in justice and medical care People had to go to church by law Introduction of theatres (W. Shakespeare) English traders started to settle abroad and created new colonies (New World discovered) Slavery became an important trade The English Civil War King Charles I tried to rule without the parliament Series of armed conflicts between: Royalist ( Cavaliers )supported the king House of Lords, the Court, Parliamentarians ( Roundheads ) House of Commons, Puritans, merchants, navy Oliver Cromwell created an army The King was executed Britain became a republic ( ) The United Kingdom The Acts of Union (1701) joined the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland into single United Kingdom of Great Britain The Act of Union (1801) was passed by the parliaments of Britain and Ireland each, uniting the two kingdoms and creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The rise of Irish Nationalism led to the partition of the island in Northern Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland came into being
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