Методические рекомендации по работе с мультфильмами на занятиях по английскому языку WATCH AND DISCUSS CARTOONS - PDF

1 Методические рекомендации по работе с мультфильмами на занятиях по английскому языку WATCH AND DISCUSS CARTOONS Дмитриева В.А., Жеребцова Т.В. Кафедра английского языка института иностранных языков ПетрГУ

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1 Методические рекомендации по работе с мультфильмами на занятиях по английскому языку WATCH AND DISCUSS CARTOONS Дмитриева В.А., Жеребцова Т.В. Кафедра английского языка института иностранных языков ПетрГУ Петрозаводск 2016 2 Методические рекомендации по работе с мультфильмами включают в себя набор упражнений, направленных на развитие коммуникативной компетенции студентов, ряд вопросов для обсуждения и ссылки на дополнительные источники информации по затрагиваемым темам. Пособие адресовано студентам педагогических специальностей на начальном этапе обучения, старшим школьникам, лицам, изучающим английский язык и культуру англоязычных стран. The study guide is based on 6 popular children cartoons and contains: Links to free Internet audio and video resources A set of exercises aimed at developing students vocabulary, pronunciation and grammar Questions and points for discussion on the themes of the cartoons This study guide is intended for junior students of humanities, school teachers and pupils, and other people who are interested in the English language and culture. 3 Содержание Introduction 3 Assignment Assignment Assignment Assignment Assignment Assignment 4 INTRODUCTION I. 1. Look at the list of the titles below. What do they all have in common? Toy Story, the Hedgehog in the Mist, Lion King, Cinderella, Croods, Tom and Jerry, Little Mermaid, Cheburashka 2. What are your favorite cartoons from the childhood? 3. Do you still enjoy watching cartoons? 4. Which do you prefer- foreign or home production cartoons? Why? II. Discuss how watching cartoons can be beneficial for language learning. 1. In small groups think of as many ideas as you can. 2. Now compare your ideas with the suggestions on one of the language learning sites: Cartoons aren t just for kids. Watching cartoons can improve your English language skills. 1. Cartoons are Simple Most cartoons are simple. They have simple storylines with a problem and solution, so they are not hard to follow. Even if you do not understand every single word you will be able to visually see the storyline play out and that will increase your comprehension because you will be able to use more than one sense at the same time. When watching cartoons you use your sight (eyes) and hearing (ears) to increase your comprehension. 2. Very Common Language is Used Since the target audience for most cartoons is children the language used is purposefully simple. The English verbs that are used are common and words that you could most likely use in your every day when speaking English. You will not hear complex academic language used in cartoons. They use common words that most English speakers and learners can understand. 3. Repetition Some cartoons are repetitive and ask the people viewing questions and to repeat back what the character has to do. This is helpful because you can practice listening to and answering questions. 4. Improve Your Vocabulary You will learn some new words. Some words might be useful to you and others you might never need to use. Adding new words to your vocabulary as an English language learner is always helpful. 5. Improve Your Listening Comprehension Being able to see and hear what is going on at the same time will likely improve your listening comprehension. You will be able to relate words and phrases said to the actions or things you see the characters doing on the screen. Assignment 1 THE VELVETEEN RABBIT Preview exercises 1. Lead-in: 1. What toys did you use to have when a child? 2. Which was your favourite one? Why? How did you use to play with it? 3. Did you have a velveteen toy in your childhood? 5 Study the Toy Vocabulary and use it in your answers: TOY VOCABULARLY A balloon воздушный шарик a lorry грузовик Blocks кубики a mouse мышка a boat лодочка a plane (toy plane) самолётик a bucket ведёрко a puppet кукла-марионетка a car (toy car) машинка a rattle погремушка darts дартс a robot робот a doll кукла a rocking horse качающаяся a drum барабан a spin top юла, волчок drum sticks барабанные палочки a teddy bear мишка a Frisbee фрисби a toy chest ящик для игрушек a horse лошадка toy soldiers солдатики a hula hoop обруч a train (toy train) поезд a play thing игрушка a scooter самокат a doll s house кукольный домик a kite воздушный змей a jigsaw puzzle картинка-пазл a board game настольная игра a jump rope (skipping rope) скакалка a stuffed toy мягкая игрушка 6 2. Before you watch the cartoon, make sure you know the following words. Nouns: nursery, wisdom, clockwork, excitement, fate, attempt, germ, tear. Adjectives: soft, sleek, wise, sharp, upset, shabby, ugly, (un)comfortable, splendid, weary, kind, gentle, cosy. Verbs: wind up, banish, breathe, boast, protect, hurt, happen, ache. 3. In the cartoon you are going to hear these words and word combinations. What do you think they mean? to create problems, to clear off, to hold something tight, to need a good deal of rest, a soft brown coat, a sleek new coat of shining paint, a bunchy fake rabbit, the rules of the nursery, to string necklaces, with sharp edges. Follow-up exercises 1. After you have watched the cartoon, put the sentences in the correct order: a) The rabbit was banished to the farthest corner of the nursery. b) The boy got very ill. c) The rabbit had no clockwork. d) The boy didn t play much with his toy soldiers. e) The boy and the rabbit had splendid games all day. f) The boy s mum bought a velveteen rabbit for his birthday. g) The fairy, A tear can come only with real feelings. h) The velveteen rabbit grew to like the boy. i) The boy made the rabbit a little cosy nest in the garden. j) The grandma noticed that the rabbit had quite a new expression. k) A deep sadness filled the rabbit. l) The Grandma gave him the velveteen rabbit to sleep with. m) The doctor, Everything must be burnt! n) That night the rabbit was almost too happy to sleep. 2. Use the words from preview task 2 and complete the gaps: a) in the Doctor s speech at the boy s bed: 7 The Doctor, The boy is very. He ll a good deal of. No, you understand, and no. We must make every to contain the at this room. b) in the Fairy s monologue when she appears near the rabbit: The Fairy, A can come only with real. And that me to you. Don t be, little one! There are no endings, only! Now, we shall. 3. Discussion point: Love and being real 1. Do you agree that every fairytale has got a moral? Look up the meaning of the word in a monolingual dictionary. Give examples of some fairy tales and their moral. 2. Whose words in the cartoon do you think express the moral of this story? - It s love that makes you real. - Being real isn t always easy. How do you understand these words? What does the word love mean to you? What does it mean to be real? Write a short essay on one of the discussion point. ( words) You can also describe your favourite childhood toy. P.S.: You can read the story online at: The Velveteen Rabbit or How Toys Become Real by Margery Williams Illustrations by William Nicholson You can listen to the velveteen rabbit - read by meryl streep (full video) at: 8 Assignment 2 PETER COTTONTAIL Preview exercises 1. Lead-in: 1. Holidays and festivals it s everybody s favourite time, isn t it? Why do most people love them? 2. How do you feel about public holidays? What do you enjoy doing on your extra days-off? 3. What are the official red-letter days in Russia? Give the name of the festival, the date and say what people celebrate. E.g.: We celebrate the Valentine s invasion on the seventh of November. On this day the first Valentine heart was given as a sign of Love. Nowadays people do this and that. 2. Work in small groups. Say if these festivals are British or American, when and how they are celebrated, what they are devoted to and what their symbols are. Br/ Am/ Both When? How? Mother s Day Independence Day All Saints Day Thanksgiving Christmas St Valentine Day St Patrick s Day While watching the cartoon, fill in the missing information Vocabulary exercises: a) Look up the meaning and listen to the pronunciation of the following words in Merriam-Webster Learner s dictionary: Valley, Easter, candidate, responsibility, to fib, ingénues, ingenuity, deliver, archrival, evil, iron, wicked, nasty, bubblegum, seal, concrete, constitution, ruler, bonnet, garden, surprise b) Make compound words out of two and translate them into Russian: Cotton + tail = Iron +tail = Alarm+ clock = Breakfast +lunch = Yesterday +tomorrow + automobile= c). Learn some more vocabulary before watching the cartoon: - to retire - To be boastful - Left ear droops - To be the most likely candidate - To have no sense of responsibility - To be the colour of mud and concrete - To paint something pink, green etc. - To hold a contest between - To set an alarm clock ( rooster, here) - To seal someone s lips - To sabotage something d) Read the names of the characters: Peter Cottontail Evil Irontail Seymour S. Sassafrass - an eccentric peddler, a magician, a story-teller Colonel Wellington B. Bunny - the retiring Chief Easter Bunny Montresor - Iron tail s assistant, a bat Antoine - the pilot of the time machine, a caterpillar (What nationality is he?) Bonnie- a talking bonnet Donna - a lovely girl bunny Follow-up exercises Answer the questions: 1. Where did Peter Cottontail live? What did rabbits do in spring? 2. Who was in charge of all the Easter activities in the valley? What decision did he have to make and why? 3. Who was the most likely candidate? Why? 4. Who could become Chief Easter Bunny according to the constitution of April Valley? Who was Peter s rival in the competition? 5. Why did Evil Irontail was so desperate to get this post? Why did he hate children? 6. How did it happen that Peter failed the contest? 7. What did Irontail declare in his new constitution? What did life of April Valley become like? 8. Who came at Peter s rescue? How could Peter repair the damage according to his plan? 9. Why did Peter fail to go back to Easter Sunday? Where did he find himself instead? How did evil irontail stand in his way? 10. Did Peter ever get back to Easter Sunday? (to win goals to ) 2. Go back to the chart of American and British festivals in preview exercise 2 and speak about each holiday in more detail. Say more about their symbols and the way people celebrate. How is it possible to know that Peter Cottontail is an American cartoon? 3. Do you find the song that you hear in the cartoon catchy? Does it set small and older viewers into a cheerful mood? Read about its history and sing along. 11 Here Comes Peter Cottontail is a popular Easter song composed in 1950 by Steve Nelson and Jack Rollins. Due to immense popularity of Gene Autry's Christmas songs Here Comes Santa Claus and Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer that Nelson and Rollins had written, the duo asked Autry to record it. His version peaked at number 3 on the U.S Billboard Hot Country Singles chart and at number 5 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. It is often regarded as one of the most popular Easter songs of all time, and often features on TV commercials around the Easter period. Here comes Peter Cottontail Hoppin' down the bunny trail Hippity hoppin', Easter's on its way Bringin' every girl and boy Baskets full of Easter joy Things to make your Easter bright and gay He's got jelly beans for Tommy Colored eggs for Sister Sue There's an orchid for your mommy And an Easter bonnet too Oh! Here comes Peter Cottontail Hoppin' down the bunny trail Hippity hoppity, happy Easter Day Here comes Peter Cottontail Hoppin' down the bunny trail Hippity hoppin', Easter's on its way Try to do the things you should Maybe if you're extra good He'll roll lots of Easter eggs your way 12 You'll wake up on Easter mornin' And you'll know that he was there When you find those chocolate bunnies That he's hiding everywhere Oh! Here comes Peter Cottontail Hoppin' down the bunny trail Hippity hoppity, happy Easter Day When do you think the main character, Peter Cottontail, appear? How did he get his name? You can find more details at : 4. Discussion points: Festivals and celebration 1. What is your favourite festival? 2. What do you like about it? 3. How do you celebrate and enjoy yourself? Let s have a contest! In groups of three think about some great way to celebrate your favourite holiday and advertise your program of the events. OR You can invent your own festival and also advertise it. Think about all kinds of fun activities to cater for varied interests and various age groups. Assignment 3 SNOW WHITE Preview exercises 1. Lead-in 1. Close your eyes for a few minutes and try to remember the very first tales, fairy tales that you heard or saw? Was there any difference between your perception of the story when you were read it or when you saw it on TV or video? Which way? 2. When did you first got to know Snow White fairy tale? 13 Those who first heard the story, how did you imagine the heroine? What did she look like? Did your Snow White look the same to how illustrators and cartoonists feature her? 3. What is the origin of the tale? Is it a folk tale or does it have an author? Does the story remind you of anything from Russian literature? 2. Vocabulary exercises: 1. Check the meaning and the pronunciation of the words in your online dictionary: King, queen, stepmother, needle, thread, finger, marry, mirror, dwarf, mine, clothes, laugh, basket, ribbons, shawl, wicked, huntsman, poison, comb, hip hop hooray 2. Grouping the vocabulary. Put as many word as you can to the following groups: 1) Adjectives for people s appearance: 2) Adjectives for character: 3) Parts of the body: 4) Kitchen and food: While watching the cartoon, remember the features of the main characters. 3. Learn some more vocabulary before watching the cartoon: - To set eye on something - To spare one s life - To be angry with - To do something out of pity - To have the heart to do it - Do something straightaway - 4. Snow White Word Search - B D D M W R J F J M I P H L Q P N N M E O Y G L L B E A U T Y A U R E N A Q U C E E L T T I L C E Z P F M R G U Y F E L P P A N O S I O P P H X I E S B A S D O O W W T R F V R Y S C E N I P I C P X J P V E N Y Q J J A N E F R L R F E V Q N A M S T N U H B E P K M G Y S E Y E P O D W Z U S V Z T V T X E T J L T O O F D E C R G Y C C B E J E 14 A K S F W X D G C B S M I G W I K D X L A A O W J A P Q B H G M T U R S W C E R O R Q E T I H W W O N S U O A I G T E Q E N Y T I C M C I I Z X R B T C M V O S A T I T R N D R O W S R Z C O S A J T L N K C R A L R V W L I N H T J K Y P M U R G P Y P E E L S M F U T A G T H N E L P P A X E N N D C O E A H Y U P R I N C E C H A R M I N G H G Y C D E M C X L D S Z H O U S E R S E Find the following words in the word search box Apple, foot, poison apple, asleep, forest, Prince Charming, bashful, grumpy, queen, basket, happy, sleepy, beauty, house, Sneezy, city, huntsman, Snow White, cottage, little sword, doc magic, witch, dopey men, woods, fairy tale, mirror Follow-up exercises 1. Answer the questions: 1. What wish did the young queen make? 2. What was the little princess like when she was born? 3. What kind of woman was Snow White s stepmother? 4. What made the new queen happy? Why was she so attached to the mirror? 5. What did Snow White grow to be like? 6. What did the queen order her huntsman to do and why? 7. How did Snow White survive? 8. What did the dwarfs do for a living? How did they organize their routine after they put up Snow White? 9. How many more times did the queen try to destroy Snow White? How? 10. Why didn t the dwarfs bury Snow White? 11. How did she come back to life? 12. How was the wicked queen punished? 2. Describe the appearance and the personality of all the main characters and the seven dwarfs using the vocabulary of preview exercise 2. Dramatization: distribute the roles and act out some scenes from the tale. - Snow White and the Qeen - Snow White and the huntsman - Snow White meets the dwarfs for the first time - Dwarfs discussing whether to out up Snow White or not - Snow White and the queen in disguise. - Snow White and Prince Charming Think about the following themes and the way this fairy tale gets across the message: Love: Discuss which characters in the story loved Snow White and how they showed their love for her. Hate: Discuss which character hated Snow White and why. Point out Snow White had done nothing to cause the wicked queen to hate her. Discuss how hate can make a person s life very unhappy. Kindness: Discuss how the huntsman showed kindness towards Snow White. Jealousy: The story illustrates that it is wrong to be jealous of other people and that it causes people to do wicked things. Apology: Explain that when a person says, I m sorry they are apologizing for something they did that they should not have done. Discuss why Snow White apologized to the seven dwarfs after she woke up. Discuss how an apology can make everything much better. Deceit: Discuss how the wicked queen tried to trick Snow White by disguising herself as an old woman. Discuss how deceit is never successful or rewarded. -Sharing: The seven dwarfs worked together, lived together and shared everything with each other and they were very happy. They shared their home with Snow White. Talk about the importance of sharing. Hard work is rewarded: The seven dwarfs worked hard and Snow White worked hard in their house. Discuss how working hard can give people pleasure and satisfaction. You can find the book with the text and exercises adapted for young learners at: 2. Discussion points: Kindness, happiness, self-belief 16 1. Imagine you have a mirror that would tell you something important you need to hear. Write down the Mirror s message to yourself. 2. Dopey didn t know if he could talk because he had never tried. Is there anything you don t know if you can do because you haven t yet tried? What is it and why haven t you tried? 3. After Snow White runs away from the huntsman and into the woods she meets the forest animals and asks them what they do when things go wrong. Snow White tells them that when she smiles and sings she feels better. What do you do to make yourself feel better? Chose one of the themes to your liking and write a short essay. ( words) Assignment 4 THE SELFISH GIANT Preview exercises 1. Lead-in Cartoons, like any feature films can be of different genres: adventure stories, love stories, comedies, and fairy tales. a) Give examples of various kinds of cartoons from Russian or foreign cinematography. b) Try to imagine the plot of the story based on the following words. Learn their meaning and pronunciation. giant, ogre, palm, sword, castle, trespasser, prosecute, wander, wrap, hail, roar, cease, perfume, underneath, wound, delicate, paradise, kneel, wicked, anger, awe 2. Before watching the cartoon, learn some new vocabulary: - to break out into delicate blossoms - зацвести - To say something in a gruff voice сказать грубым голосом - Trespassers will be prosecuted правонарушители будут наказаны - To slip back спрятаться - To roar and rattle реветь и грохотать - To rattle трещат
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