La Bohème. This little gem is La Bohème By Murger and Puccini About four hippies and two broads One s got TB, that s Mimi. - PDF

Excerpts taken from La Bohème A poem by Gualtiero Bartalini This little gem is La Bohème By Murger and Puccini About four hippies and two broads One s got TB, that s Mimi. The girls are pert. They do fancy

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Excerpts taken from La Bohème A poem by Gualtiero Bartalini This little gem is La Bohème By Murger and Puccini About four hippies and two broads One s got TB, that s Mimi. The girls are pert. They do fancy work; That is, in their own way. Mimi, she does embroideries; Musetta, well, who is to say. The male quartet labor and sweat To live la vie Bohème. Living content, not paying rent, nonchalant ad nauseam. Rodolo, he writes poetry Marcello paints red seas. Schaunard composes melodies. Colline writes philosophy. THE CHARACTERS Mimi: a seamstress, Soprano. Rodolfo: A poet, Tenor. Marcello, A painter, Baritone. Musetta, A singer, Soprano. Schaunard, A musician, Baritone. Colline, A philosopher, Bass-Baritone. A TOUCH OF THE HAND... The relationship between Mimi and Rodolofo begins with one touch; searching in the dark for Mimi s key. This leads to Rodolfo s aria, Che gelida manina, (What a frozen little hand!) Mimi tells him, Mi chiamano Mimi (They call me Mimi). The two profess their love for each other in a duet and go off to a Christmas Eve party. THE PREMIERE La Bohème premiered on February 1, 1896 in the Teatro Regio in Turin, Italy. Twenty-eight year old, Maestro, Arturo Toscanini lead the production. The opera was not considered a success at first, but today it is one of the most beloved and programmed operas of all time! Synopsis Act I Paris, the 1830s. In their Latin Quarter garret, the near-destitute painter Marcello and poet Rodolfo try to keep warm on Christmas Eve by feeding the stove with pages from Rodolfo s latest drama. They are soon joined by their roommates Colline, a philosopher, and Schaunard, a musician, who brings food, fuel, and funds he has collected from an eccentric student. The landlord, Benoit, comes to collect the rent and the friends leave for Café Momus. Rodolfo promises to join them later, remaining behind to write. There is a knock at the door; the visitor is a pretty neighbor, Mimì, whose candle has gone out on the stairway. Rodolfo relights it. Mimì realizes she has lost her key, and in the confusion, both candles are blown out. As the two search for the key in the moonlight, their hands meet. Rodolfo tells Mimì his dreams ( Che gelida manina ). She then recounts her life alone in a lofty garret, embroidering flowers and waiting for the spring ( Mi chiamano Mimì ). Rodolfo s friends are heard outside, urging him to join them; he calls back that he is not alone and will be along shortly. Expressing their joy in finding each other (Duet: O soave fanciulla ), Mimì and Rodolfo embrace and leave for the café. Act II At the Café Momus, Rodolfo introduces Mimì to his friends. Marcello s former sweetheart, Musetta, makes a noisy entrance on the arm of the elderly but wealthy Alcindoro. The ensuing tumult reaches its peak when, trying to regain Marcello s attention, she sings a waltz about her popularity ( Quando me n vo ). Sending Alcindoro off on an errand, she falls into Marcello s arms and tells the waiter to charge everything to Alcindoro. Soldiers march by the café, and the bohemians fall in behind. Act III It is dawn, on the outskirts of Paris. Mimì wanders in, searching for the place where Marcello and Musetta now live. When the painter emerges, she tells him of her distress over Rodolfo s incessant jealousy (Duet: O buon Marcello, aiuto! ). She says she believes it is best that they part. When Rodolfo appears from the tavern, Mimì hides nearby, though Marcello thinks she has gone. The poet tells Marcello that he wants to separate from his sweetheart, citing her fickleness; pressed for the real reason, he breaks down, saying that her coughing can only grow worse in the poverty they share; he s desperately afraid she will die from her illness. Overcome with tears, Mimì stumbles forward to bid her lover farewell ( Donde lieta uscì ). While Mimì and Rodolfo recall past happiness, Musetta quarrels with Marcello, who has caught her flirting (Quartet: Addio dolce svegliare ). The painter and his mistress part, hurling insults at each other, but Mimì and Rodolfo decide to remain together until spring. Study guide credits include: The Metropolitan Opera Opera Tampa The Boston Lyric Opera Act IV Now separated from their girlfriends, Rodolfo and Marcello lament their loneliness in the garret (Duet: O Mimì, tu più non torni ). Colline and Schaunard bring a meager meal. To lighten their spirits the four stage a dance, when suddenly Musetta bursts in to tell them that Mimì is outside, too weak to come upstairs. Rodolfo carries her in, while Musetta asks Marcello to sell her earrings for medicine and Colline goes off to pawn his overcoat ( Vecchia zimarra ). Left alone, Mimì and Rodolfo recall their first meeting and their happy days, but she is seized with violent coughing (Duet: Sono andati? ). The others return and Mimì drifts into unconsciousness. When Rodolfo at last realizes that she is dead, he throws himself despairingly on her body, calling her name. -Synopsis adapted from The Metropolitan Opera DID YOU KNOW? LA BOHÈME FACTS PEOPLE La Bohème was composed by Giacomo Puccini in The opera takes place in Paris and four acts Paris Puccini Puccini requested constant rewrites from his librettists. Luigi Illica wrote the scenarios and Giuseppe Giacosa transformed them into verse, so most changes had to go through both of them. By the time that was done, Puccini often was ready with more edits. Both men threatened to quit, and had it not been for publisher Giulio Ricordi who calmed the situation, Puccini might have left La bohème incomplete as well. The original story of La Bohème was written by Henry Murger. Murger ( ) was one of the first and most famous writers on the subject of Bohemian life. His short stories, Scenes de la vie de Bohème, include more characters, adventures, and romance than the opera, but the general plot and themes are the same. Café Momus was a real cafe in Paris where artists would gather. Henry Murger frequented the café along with Puccini. Murger and Puccini immortalized this restaurant by including it in the opera! Momus is the ancient Greek god of mockery, satire, censure, writers, and poets. The character, Mimi, tragically dies from a disease called Tuberculosis. It is also known as consumption. Tuberculosis was very common in the 1700s and 1800s. It was very devastating to the body; causing coughing and bleeding. It was also rather infectious. There are many treatments for TB, but Mimi and her artist friends could not afford the medicine. In real life; the last scene may not occur; as the disease could have been passed on to her friends. Librettists: write the stories Publisher Original story Bohemian real life Café Momus TB Tuberculousis an infectious disease Illica Giacosa Ricordi Henry Murger Puccini & Murger include it! Mimi dies from TB due to a lack of medicine The rock musical RENT, by composer Jonathan Larson is a modern adaptation of the opera. It opened on Broadway in 1996 and told the story of modern day Bohemians living in New York City s Lower East Side. Instead of Tuberculosis, the characters deal with the very real difficulties of having HIV/AIDS. FOR DISCUSSION: La Bohème is considered a verismo opera. (Realism). How are the characters and scenes realistic? Are some more realistic than others? What might the future look for each of the characters? Scenes De La Vie De Bohème Friday, January 31, :30pm / Lucas Theatre for the Arts Tickets $16 to $70 Ph or Puccini Excerpts from La Bohème (concert version) RENT 1996 HIV/AIDS NYC Verismo Realism Jonathan Larson Mimi, Rodolfo, etc. Puccini s La Bohème is one of the most popular operas of all time, and this night will feature the best from this tragic love story. This semi-staged event is in artistic collaboration and cooperation with VOICExperience & Savannah VOICE Festival. SOLOISTS: Meechot Marrero (Mimi), Amy Shoremount-Obra (Musetta), Cooper Nolan (Rodolfo), Dan Kempson (Marcello), Scott Russell (Colline), and Matthew Morris (Schaunard) 6:30pm - Pre-concert talk presented by John Canarina of Savannah Friends of Music NOTABLE RECORDINGS AND DVD s: How did the music enhance the drama? Did you notice the reoccuring musical themes? How did the music reflect each character? La Bohème by Giacomo Puccini on CD-RCA Label 1974 London Phil. Orch., Georg Solti (cond.) Montserrat Caballé (Mi), Judith Blegen (Mu), Placido Domingo R), Sherrill Milnes (Ma) on DVD-Deutsche Grammephone label Who did you connect with most in the story? Why do you feel this way? Did you connect with the character or their music? Or both? Are you more of an artist, painter, poet, singer or seamstress? Explain Teatro alla Scala orch., Herbert Von Karajan (cond.) RENT, The Movie on DVD-Chris Columbus; director, screenplay, producer Columbia Films, released Nov. 30, Producers: Chris Columbus, Robert DeNiro, Julie Larson Written by: Jonathan Larson, 1995 Adam Pascal (Roger), Rosario Dawson (Mimi), Anthony Ropp (Mark), Idina Menzel (Maureen), Jesse L. Martin (Tom Collins), Wilson Jermaine Heredia (Angel Shunard), Taye Diggs (Benny), Tracie Thoms (Joanne) How did the colors in the orchestra influence the way you were feeling? What instruments did you hear? Does live music have a different impact?
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