MapK CO/IOHMH, IlHTepBbK) «PaflMO CBo6oAa» :36 - PDF

Description
MapK CO/IOHMH, p a 3 A p a K M T e / i b «natpnotob». IlHTepBbK) «PaflMO CBo6oAa» :36 nporpamma «nobepx 6apbepoB», :36. /jm H TpH H B o /in e K M apk Co/iohmh AyMaio, fla ke

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 28
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information
Category:

Travel/ Places/ Nature

Publish on:

Views: 6 | Pages: 28

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Share
Transcript
MapK CO/IOHMH, p a 3 A p a K M T e / i b «natpnotob». IlHTepBbK) «PaflMO CBo6oAa» :36 nporpamma «nobepx 6apbepoB», :36. /jm H TpH H B o /in e K M apk Co/iohmh AyMaio, fla ke cambie HenpMMMpMMbie Baum npotmbhmkm COr/iaCBTCB C TeM, MTO BaiUM KHIiTH «22 MIOH51», «23 M «25 MtOHfl», nocbfllljehhbie co6 bi tmbm 1941-ro rofla HanucaHbi c HenOflfle/1 bhom CTpaCTblO. EblBaiOT IICTOpiiKli x/iaflhokpobhbie, othocbu^iiecb k npeflmety CBoero MCC/ieflOBaHmb 6eccTpacTHO, bh ne/iobek 6eccnopHO yb/iemehhbim, yb/ienehhbm nomckamii npabflbi o Btopom mmpobom bom He, npabflbi, KOTopyio COBeTCKMe MCTOpMKM CKpblBa/lM M MCK3MO/1M. KaK poflm/iocb 3to Bauie yb/iemehme? 3 t o, KOHeMHO, He yb/ieneh M e, 3 to Bee t3 km 3aH5iTne. PoflM/iocb oho flabhbim-flabho; Bepo^THO, flata ero po kflehm5i HaxoAMTca b pamohe ro^a. EcrecTBeHHO, 9\ 3tmm m pahbiue MHTepecoBa/icfl, ho r^qe-to b 1983 roay, Korfla eme Ahapoi iob 6bm kmb, MHe yaa/iocb ( s to t r/iaro/i nokawetca CTpaHHbiM cobpemehhomy c/iywatejik), ho 3 to 6bmo HenpocTo) ybmaetb COBeTCKMe uehtpa/ibhbie ra3e - «npabay» m «V\3Becjv\9\» 1939 rofla. O hm, BOo6iAe robopa, He BbiflaBa/iMCb. MHe yfla/iocb ybmaetb 3tm ra3etbi m ybmaetb 60/ibwyK) KapTy, Ha ue/iyk) no/iocy «npababi», c pa3fle/iom no/ibwm, c pa3ae/iom Omh/iahamm, florobop o Apy x6e m rpahmue. A Beflb o HeM He 6bmo CKa3aHO HMHero hm b oahom wko/ibhom yhe6hmke, hm b oahom bomhckom yhe6hmke. B o t 6bm nepeao mhom AoroBop o Apy K6e m rpahmue Me KAy CoBeTCKMM C0KD30M M CjDaLUMCTCKOM TepMaHMen OT 28 CeHTflOpfl 1939 ro fla. 3 t o 6bm o cn/ibh oe BnenaTJieH ne, KOTopoe n em e Torfla, b 1984 roay, m3/io km/i b ToncTon-npeTO /icron o6m en TeTpaflM c MepHbiM nepen/ietom, xotopyx) xpam o floma no cen flehb. y e a c 6bi/i 3aM enate/ibh bim n p e fliu e ct B e H H M K A / i e K c a H f l p H e K p i m. K o r f l a - T o, b c o s e T C K i i e B p e M e H a, K a K sam AO cra/im Cb ra 3 e T b i r o n a, MHe A o c r a / ic fl 3K3eM n/i5ip e r o 3HaMeHMTOM khm tm « , 2 2 m 1 0 H B». 3 t o, K O H e M H O, 6 b i/ io y flm B M T e / ib H o e M 3A a H u e. K i m r a, B b i n y m e H H a f l o t M U M a /ib H O C O B e T C K M M M 3flaTe/1 b C T B O M B T O fly, 6 b l/ ia Bno c/ieflc TB M M 3 a n p e m e H a, M3i 5iTa M3 6 m 6 jim o t 6 k, o t o b c k a y M 3T flTa, a a B T o p a 3 a T p a b m /im c a M b im 6 e 3 n a /io ct H b im o 6 p a 3 0 M. B b i c o r / ia c M T e c b, ec/im a H a 3 0 B y A / ie K c a H A p a H e K p im a BauiMM y m rre / ie M? 5\ x a T e r o p n n e c x n He c o r n a iu y c b co B e e m npeabiayiamm BbiCKa3biBaHneM. Moa cyab6a aoco/ixrmo He noxo ka Ha cyflb6y TOBapnma Hexpnna. ToBapnma Hexpnna 3aTpaBM/in: 3 to 3HannT, h to ero Bbima/in M3 cobetcxoro yhmbepcmteta m npnrh a/in pa6otatb b am epnxahcxnn yh mbepcmtet npocjdeccopom. 3 t o He cam oe Tfl xe/ioe H3K333Hv\er KOTopoe BbinaAa/io cobetckomy ne/iobexy 3a 70 n e j cobetcxoki B/iacTi/i, 6biBa/w xy xe Haxa3aHna. H to xe xacaetca 3tom xh nrn, t o MHe HeMHO xxo 3HaxoMa ncropnfl ee noflb/iehna b xpymebcxyx) anoxy, xorfla Hana/ia c )opmnpobatbcfl 3Ta HOBaa, onepeahafl no cnety, «npabfla BOMHbi» no noboay Toro, h to oamh 6bm To/ibxo n/ioxon ne/iobex. Bee 6bmn xopow ne, Bee 6bmn repon, 3aMeHaTe/ibHbie no/ixoboaubi, xax oam h ne/iobex Becb COBeTCKMM Hapofl noflhfl/lcfl, HO 6bl/l OflMH n/loxom He/lOBeK, KOTopbiki BceMy Mewa/i \ A o c v \ d p BnccapnoHOBMH Cra/WH. I/I C TOHXM 3 p e H I A 5 \ 3TMX npeflctab/iehm M, 3TOM OHepeflHOM «npabflbi», 6bma HanncaHa xhnra Hexpnna. O h no/iynn/i 6bi 3a Hee o n e p e flh y x ) ro cy fla p ct B e H H y x ) n p e M v\\o, h o np0m30lue/l He6e3bl3BeCTHblM OXTfl6pbCXMM nepebopot. XpymeBa cxnhy/in, nocrabnjin 5pe xHeBa, Ta npabfla 6bi/ia o6 bflb/ieha HenpaBflOM, xpymebcxnn nepnofl 6bm Ha3BaH BOJiK)HTapn3MOM n b xofle BbiKopHeBbiBaHM5i npeflbiflymero xpym eb C xoro n e p n o a a nona/ia nofl pa3flany n XHnra Hexpnna. KHkira, Ha ceroflhsmjhnn flehb npeflctab/iflxdlnaa TO/lbXO MCTOpMHeCXMM M JlMTepaTypHblM namflthmx! TO, HTO TaM H an n ca H O, c e n n a c no/ihoctbx) n 6 e 3 o ro B o p o H H O o n p o B e p rh yt O h o b n m MaccnBOM floxym eh TO B, xot opbie BBefleHbi b HayHHbm o 6 o p o T, TeMM pa6otam M, xotopbie qqe/iahbi 3a noc/ie^hne flbaauatb nej. nostomy, xohenho xe, 3Ta n cropnfl He MMeeT Hnnero o6m ero c TeM, h to n fl/ia c e 6 a n fl/isi a p y r n x Ha3biBax) hobom n ct o p n o rp a c )n e n B e/w xo n OTeHecTBeHHOki n/w BTopon M npobon bomhw. Hto ne 3to 3a MCTopiiorpa4 ii5i m KaKoaa sauia n p a B f la o BOMHe? 3Ta nctopnorpac )nfl, xohenho, HaHa/iacb c xhnrn C yb o p o B a, OHa H ana/iacb c nohtn jim epat yph O M, nohtn x y flo x e c T B e H H O -n y 6 /im 4 M C T M H e c x o M x h m t m B y H n n a «Onepaukm «rpo3a» n/w O w n6xa b TpeTbeM 3Haxe», n Tax fla /ie e. IIo t o m 6 b m n, Ha m o m B 3 rjiflfl, ncxjix)hm Te/ibHO uehhbie pa6otbi Me/ibTKDxoBa no 3TOMy xe nobofly, 6bmo ony6/imxobaho 6o/ibiuoe xojinnectbo floxymehtob, hto Ha camom fle n e cam oe r/iabhoe. H to K acaetca «M o en» n p ab qbi, t o b cbomx KHMrax C y B o p o B octahobm/1c51 Ha n o p o r e 22 mkdha. A b o t fla/lblue-to HTO? Mbl He HaXOflMMCfl C HUM B OTHOLUeHMflX n o /ie M H K n, n p o ct O o h n n c a /i 06 o a h o m, a n q e /ia K ) c/ieqykdlhmm xpoho/iomneckmm mar. CyBopoB HanMca/i 0 tom, HTO COBeTCKMM COKD3, «CTa/lMH», KOJlJieKTMBHblM CTa/lMH, onehb crapa/ica, crpemm/icfl k pa3b5i3bibahmk) ebponenckom BOMHbi, oh Bno/iHe ue/iehanpab/iehho m oco3haho nom or ri/it/iepy HanaTb, BBfl3aTbca, He M cnyratbca (rn T /ie p Mor McnyraTbca, ho oh emy onehb nom or He McnyraTbca) HanaTb o 6 ineebponem CKyK) BOMHy, cam Ha 3tom q e /ie H em H oro n o M a p o fle p H M n a /i m zietom 1941 ro q a y xe roto BM /ica BCTynMTb He npocto b ebponemckyio BOMHy, a BCTynMTb b E B p o n y, t o e c T b H a n a T b K p y n H O M a c iij T a O H y K ) HacrynaTenbHyK) onepaumk) Ha 3anaq o t y xe 3HannTe/ibHO nepemectmblumxc5i cobotckm x rpahkiu. 3 to to, h to HanMca/i CyBopoB, m 51 c 3thm Ha 200 npouehtob cor/iaceh. A qa/ibiue B03HMKaeT c/ieqyk)lhmm, Bno/iHe jiornnh bin B o n p o c: ec/im T ax q o /iro, crapat e/ib H O m c orpomhbimm ycm/imamm rotobm/imcb k n oxoqy k OeperaM AT/iaHTMKM, t o n onem y xe nepe3 o q H y -q B e Heqe/iM OT/ieTe/ia K p ach aa apm v\9\ Ha jimhmk) rpahmubi 1939 ro q a, a eiq e nepe3 jpv\ Mecflua HeMUbi 6bi/iM y xe noq JleHMHrpaqoM, noq Tmxbmhom m noq Mockbom? Ha 3 to t Bonpoc n b cbomx KHMrax OTBenaK). Echia npeqe/ibho ko p o tko, t o o t b c t 3aKJiK)naeTCfl b tom, h to Ha3biBaeTC5i ne/iobeneckmm cjdaxtop m MOTMBauM5i. noqkana/i ne/iobeneckmm c DaKTop. Ebi/io o n e H b m h o t o qmbm3mm, 6 b m o o n eh b m h o t o TaHKOB, 6bm o oneh b M Horo camo/ietob, 6bm a orpom H aa jimhmfl yxpen/iehmki no h o b o m rpahm ue, orpom H aa jim h m a x e /ie 3 o 6 e T O H H b ix y x p e n /ie H M M n o C T a p o fi rp a H M u e, orpomhoe KO/iMnecTBO OoenpMnacoB, nero To/ibxo He 6bmo. Ebi/io 4,8 MM/i/iMOHa b B O o p yxe H H b ix c n /ia x Ha m o m c h t Hana/ia bomhm, 5 mmjijimohob Mo6n/iM30Ba/in b nepbyx) Ke He^e/ix) noc/ie o e t f lb J ie H M f l M o 6 i/i/ii/i3 a u n i/i, f lo K O H u a r o f la M06MJlM30BaJlM TO JIM 12, TO JIM 14, 110 pa3hblm flahhbim, MMJ1J1MOHOB M e/lobek. TO ectb p e c y p c, XOTOpbIM 6blJl npeflocrab JieH b pacnopsw eh M e TaxMx n o jixoboaueb, KaK KyxoB, 3 to 5 njik )c m m jijim ohob BOopy KeHHbix My KMMH. npm TaxoM pecypce Kpaonafl apmmn OTJieTejia 3a tpm Mecflua o t rpahmubi flo M o ckbn, notomy h to pecypcbi BCe 6bl/lM, a MOTMBaUMM He 6blJ10. A npm OTCyTCTBMM MOTMBaUMM, npm OTCyTCTBMM ymehmfl, BOT 3TOT CTpaiUHblM Ha camom fle jie crmab He yw\e\o m He xony, He xony, notomy h to He ymek), m He ymek), notomy h to He xote/i 3TOMy yhmtbc9\ npmbe/i k TOMy, h to Bee 3tm xojioccajibhbie ropbi TexHMKM 6bi/iM 6poiu eh bi Ha o6oh M H ax flo p o r m MHonqa oneh b CM/ibHO M eiua/im HeM uam b H actyn/ieh M M. Bbm, HanpMMep, riepbbm MexaHM3MpoBaHHbm xopnyc, o^mh m3 jiyn iu M x b JleHM HrpaflCKOM BoeHHOM o x p y re, 6bm a TaM TpeTbfl T3HKOBa51 flmbm3m51, KOTOpafl noboeba/ia C TaHKOBOM flmbm3mem MaHLUTeMHa OflMH MJ1M MaKCMMyM flba flhfl notom MaHLUTeMH rimlliet B CBOMX BOCnOMMHaHMflX, HTO c orpomhbim TpyflOM ohm npoflbmrajimcb Ha B o cto k, notomy h to bc9\ flo p o ra 6bm a 3aBa/ieHa 6poweHHOM TexHMxoM 3tom AMBM3MM. M 51 b apxmbe b noflo/ibcke cbommm pyxamm flep xaji floxymeht, HanMcaHHbiM Ha xjio n xe He 3Hax) nero, MO xeT 6biTb, o6jio kkm o t narm poc «Be/iOMop», HarmcaHHbiM TeM cambim Bep3apMHbiM, xotopbm no6eflho b 1945 ro^y CTa/i BoeHHbiM KOMeHflaHTOM Bep/iMHa. 3anMCKa, B XOTOpOM OH OTflaeT KOMaHfly ocratxam 3tom HecymecTByx)LneM n o o ie flbyx flhem flmbm3mm: C06paTb OCT3TXM JIMHHOrO COCTaBa M OTBecTM a jia nepec[}opmmpobahmfl. 51 6 bi xote/i noflchmtb fl/i5i Ham m x c/iyuiate/iem, mto bi i b csoex KHure «22 moh5i» noflpo6ho pa36npaete m pa3pyuiaete M3BecTHbm BCeM HaM CO UIKO/lbHOM CKSMbM Te3MC O TOM, MTO COBeTCKMM CO103 6bl/l He TOTOB TeXHimeCKH K BOHHe M mto b MiOHe 1941 rofla oh 6bm soopymeh ropa3flo xy xe TepMaHHH. Bbi AOKa3bieaeTe, mto Bee o6ctob/io POBHO Hao6opOT. Hm Ma/ieMLueM moe i/ \ 3ac/iym m hobm3hw b flahhom c/iymae HeT. notomy mto 3to cjdakt. nohmmaete, m note3a Konepm /ika 3t o rehm a/ibhoe HayMHoe 0 3 a p e H n e. Mbi BMflMM, MTO CO/1 Hbl111KO flbm ketcfl, a MTO 3T0 Mbl flbm kemcfl BOKpyr co/ihbihika flo 3Toro Ha^o floflymatbca. A Bonpoc o tom, y Koro Mero 6 bi/io 6 0 /ibm e 3 to B o n p o c 3HaHi/m CjDaKTOB M flokymehtob. HaCKO/lbKO 9\ nomhkd, no KpaMHeM Mepe, b ro ^ax, y ke 20 n e j Ha3afl, 6 bi/in BnepBbie onyo/imkobahbi pea/ibhbie unc[}pbi KO/iMMecTBa c o b c tc k h x M exkopnycob, TaHKOB, 6 poheabtom o6 n/iem, rpy30bm K0B, camo/ietob. T o ectb, y xe k HaMa/iy x roflob Becb 3to c ) a ktm m eckm m M a T e p n a / i 6 bi/i f lo c T y n e H, o h 6 bi/i onyo/imkobah mhoitimm apymmm MCTopMKaMM. Eme oopamaio BHMMaHkie Ha 3aM em ate/ibh yio p a O o T y M e /ib T io x o B a, Ha3biBa/iacb KHMra «ynymehhbim mahc Cra/iMHa». nostomy 3flecb HMKaKOM H0BM3Hbl HeT. B03M0 KH0, 9\ npocto 6o/iee BHMMaTe/ibHO nocmotpe/i Ha 3t o t cjdakt. Bee BM^e/iM, mto y HeMueB b n o /io ce K D ro -3 a n a flh o ro c[}pohta, t o ectb Ha YxpaM He, 6 bi/io, yc/iobho robopa, 750 TaHKOB, a bo Bcex M e x K o p n y c a x K D r o -3 a n a flh o r o c[}pohta mx 6 bi/io 5 c no/lobmhom TbICflM. BpOfle 6 bl nohfltho, MTO 5 C no/lobmhom TbicsiH 6ojibiue MeM 700, ho ec/im Ha b to t dpakt oopatmtb BHMMaHMe, TO MO KHO Hafl HUM 3aflyMaTbCfl. E ii^ e o f lh a B a K H a fl f le T a / ib m3 k h h t i i «22 M K)Hfl»: Bbi p a ccm a T p M B a e T e 3 araflk M H a n a /ia BOMHbi, K o r f l a, K a 3 a / i o c b 6 b i, c y m e c T B O B a / i m b b h bi e npm 3HaKM, MTO K T O -T O M3 CO BeTCKO ro KOM ahflobahm B p a 6 o T a / i H a r M T / ie p a, O T fla B a / i n p o T M B o p e n a ii^ M e c o B e T C K M M M H T e p e c a M n p n K a 3 b i n o E p e c r c K O M K p e n o c m, H a n p M M e p. A Bbi n m u e T e «H e B e p io». 51 fly M a io, Ba KHO, MTo6bi HauiM c/iyuiate/im nohb/im, h t o b m hm b KoeM c / iy n a e H e K O H c n n p o / io r. 5e3yc/iOBHO, HMKaxne KOHcnnpo/iornHecKne sepcm He Hy KHbi, notomy h to BoeHHasi KaTacTpocjDa JieTa 1941 ro^a 3 to co6bit ne T ak oro M acw TaO a, KOTopoe n p o c ro, no MOeMy nohmmahmkd, He MO KeT y/10 kmtbcfl B pamkm HMKaKMX KOHcnnpo/iornHecKnx cxem. notomy h to Taxas KaTacTpocjDa, TaxoM pa3rpom, TaxoM pa3ba/i 3 to Bcenqa pe3y/ibtat flemctbmfl K3KMX TO OrpOMHbIX TeKTOHMHeCKMX CM/1, a HMK3K He 3aroBop Tpex-neTbipex 3/ioyMbiiu/ieHHMKOB. A n o H e M y n p a B fla o npm HM Hax p a 3 rp o M a 1941 r o f la O T K p b ib a e T C B T a x H e / ie r K O? M r o c y f l a p c T B a 3 T o r o H et flab H O, m B ee re H e p a / ib i flab H O b M o rm ie, a Bbi n o cto B H H O c e T y e T e b c b o m x K H iir a x, h t o M H o rn e A O K ym eh Tb i 3 a c e K p e H e H b i. H t o m 3 a n e M c x p b ib a io T? E c T b K a x o e - T o paqm O H a/ibh oe o6i bch eh M e? Bbi 3 a q a /in o n eh b M HTepecHbm B o n p o c, ho oh MHorocnoMHbiki. C ennac nonbitax)cb ero no c/ioam nope3atb. H to KacaeTca Bonpoca o tom, h to npom30iu/io netom 1941 r o q a, Ha H e r o e c T b O T B e T. n p o M 3 0 iu e / i p a 3 r p o M KO/iocca/ibHbiki, nyqobmluhbiki pa3rpom. BpoiueHO orpom Hoe KO/ikinecTBO TexHMXM, n o p a q x a Tbican TaHKOB b TeneHkie oqh oro Mecaua, conocrabmmafl u,v\dppa camo/ietob b TeneHkie no/iytopa M ecaueb, o 6 iq e e xo/imnectbo n/iehhbix m qe3eptnpob n e ja m ocehm 1941 ro q a BqBoe npebbiiuaet MCxoqHyK) HMC/ieHHOCTb qemctbykdineki apmmm, t o ectb n$rm 3anaqHbix BoeHHbix oxpyrob Ha MOMem- 22 vwonn. V MeH5i ectb vnasa b xhmre, xotopaa Ha3biBaeTca «CTO/ibKO m eiqe pa3 CTO/1 bko». BOT CXO/lbXO 6blJ10, Tpkl C H e 6 0 /lblumm MM/i/iM OHa, m e iq e p a3 C T O /ibxo 3 t o xo /im n e ct B O BoeH H O cnyxaiqkix KpacHOki apmmm, KOTopbie oxa3a/imcb b n/iehy mjim qe3eptnpoba/in. TyT HeT HMxaxom 3araqxM, Bee 3tm ui/icjdpbi m cjdaktbi ectb, ohm HMxeM y xe OCOOeHHO M He ocnapm Baxrrcfl. npmhmha, no kotopom 3 to n pom 30iij/io, ee oueh Ka Bcerqa 6yqeT BonpocoM rmnote3bi. 3 to b qahhom c/iynae He Bonpoc apxmbob, hm b xaxom apxmbe He /ie xmt Ta 6yMa xxa, Ha x o to p o m H an M ca H O, h t o xatactpocjd a r o q a npom30iuna notomy-to m notomy-to. Taxoki 6yMa xxM HeT, Mbi ee He HakiqeM. Ho, xa x MHe xa xetca, Tex cjdaxtob, xotopbie y xe M3BecTHbi, xotopbie npmbeqehbi Ha orpomhom xo/imnectbe CTpaHMu momx xhmt, Bno/iHe qocratohho q/ia Toro, HToObi npmmtm x BbiBoqy. EcTb xe Bno/iHe nohsrmbie BeiqM. Mbi BMqMM, h to KpacHaa apmm5i notepsvia 3a no/iroqa 6,3 MM/i/iMOHa C T p e n x o B o r o opy xm fl. He /lo M a e T ca crpe/ixoboe opy xme b TaxMx xo/imnecrbax. EcTb CTaTMCTMxa CTpyxTypbi notepb. HanpM M ep, UeHTpa/ibHbiki c d p o h t b pakiohe EpsiHCxa m l~ome/ifl b TeneHM e 4 0 qheki C B o e ro cyiqectbo BaH M fl not epa/i nponablummm 6e3 BeCTM (C^aXTMHeCXM 3TO B TOM CMTyaUMM 3HaHM/io n/iehhbix m Ae3epTMpoB) b 11 pa3 6o/ibiue, HeM norm6iummm m y6mtbimm. EcTb cobepiuehho xo/iocca/ibhbie, AaBHO BceM M3BecTHbie UMcJopbi n/iehhbix. O hm M3BecTHbi m no HaniMM AOxyMeHTaM, m no HeMeuKMM floxymehtam. EcTb AOCTaTOHHO y ke M3BeCTHa51, noflpo6ho M3BeCTHa51 MCTOpMfl COBeTCKMX MexaHM3MpOBaHHblX KOpnyCOB, KOTOpbie 3a flba, t p m, H et b ip e a h a, He B C T y n m b b orh ebom x o h t 3 x t c npotmbhmkom, TepflJIM no 80 npouehtob CBOMX TaHKOB. He JlOMaKDTCfl T3HKM B T3KMX XOJlMHeCTBaX. B cehtflope 1939 rofla KpacHan apmna Ha tom xe camom MecTHOCTM, b 3anaAHOM Ee/iopyccMM m 3anaflHOM YxpaMHe, rpomm/ia ocratkm no/ibcxom apmmm, Ae/ia/ia to, h to Ha3biBaeTca «ocbo6o xaehmem» 3anaAHOM Ee/iopyccMM m 3anaflHOM YxpaMHbi. I/I b o t 3a ABe HeAe/iM Ha tom xe camom MecTHOCTM, b Tex xe cambix noroflhbix yc/iobmsix 6bmo no/iomaho n p o u e h t o b TaHKOB no pa3hbim MexaHM3MpoBaHHbiM OpMraflaM. flmana30h TaxoM. Hy, no/ioma/iacb OAHa fxecnjan. A Taxoro, h to 6 n 3a TpM-neTbipe a h a c/ioma/iocb 80 npouehtob t 3 h x o b m3 HMC/ia Tex, xotopbie HMC/iM/iMCb McnpaBHbimm, Tax He ObiBaeT. no3tomy, c oflhom CTopoHbi, xax MHe xa xetca, ectb 6o/iee HeM AOCTaTOHHOe, M36blTOHHOe XOJIMHeCTBO XOCBeHHbIX CBM AeTe/ibCTB t o t o, h t o b c9\ 3J3 ro p a opy xmfl 6blJia OpoiueHa, ho ec/im Mbi xotmm no/iyhmtb AOxyMeHTa/ibHoe, b cam OM y3x0m C M b icn e c/io B a, n o flt B e p xa e H M e 3tom TMnoTe3bi, Mbi e ro He HaMfleM HMxorfla. floxymehta/ibhbim nofltbep xaehmem MO xeT 6biTb To/ibxo xmhoxpohmxa co 3ByxoM, co cnethmxom AaTbi b yr/iy, xotopaa noxa3bibaet, xax 6oeu KpacHOM apmmm OpocaeT TaHx, MaTepHO pyraacb M3 3Toro TaHxa Bbme3aeT m MfleT b CTopoHy 6nM xaMiuero Jieca. He HaMfleM Mbi HMxorfla TaxoM xmhoxpohmxm no xa xaomy M TbicsiH T3HXOB, a ec/im HaMfleM, t o HaM cxa xyt, h to 3 to moht3 k. nostom y, Ha mom B3 r/ihq, b flahhom c/iynae n p o 6 /ie M a a p x M b o b M a /io h t o M3 M ehm T. M bi mm eem floctatohhoe KO/lMHeCTBO CjDaKTOB. 0 6 m e c T B y, cobpem ehhom y poccmmcxomy, 6biB iuem y cobetckomy, He xbataet CMe/iocTM m/im xe/iahmfl 3tm cjdaxtbi npm3hatb. 5\ 3a 3tm roflbi no/iyhm/i 6ecKOHenHoe KO/iMnecTBO m rm ce M 3 /ie x T p o H H b ix, m 6 e c K O H e n H o e KO /im nectbo o6cy kflehmm cbomx khmt m cratem, m n BM xy, h to HexoTopbie JlKDflM npocto CaMbIM npflmbim TeKCTOM rimlliyt «a MflMTe Bbl Bce» m robop^t, h to «MHe He Hy xHa hm npabfla Cojiohm h3, HMxaxa9\ flp yraa npabfla, n He xony flymatb o tom, h to fle/ia/i mom f le f ly iu x a. 5\ x o n y /ix)6 M T b C B o e r o f le f ly iu x y». no-h e/io B enecxm a6co/ix)tho HopM a/ibhaa no3mumfl, TyT fla xe He3aneM B03pa xaTb. Ho, BepoaTHO, Ha xaxom -TO 3 T a n e Ha^o aom tm a o T o ro y p o B H fl, x o r^ a B c e -T a x M pa3fle/ifletcfl /ix)6obb m yba xehme x fle fly w x e (a 6 co jixrm o Heo6xoflMMoe cbom ctbo xa xfloro ne/iobexa, fle a yiu xy Ha^o /ix )6 MTb, yb a xatb m e M y n o M o r a T b ) m roto B H O C Tb nocmotpetb HOpMa/lbHbIM B3l71flflOM, 6e3 p030bblx OHXOB, Ha MCTOpMX) CBOeM CTpaHbl. I! 0 C T 0 5 I H H O B C f l M C K e H O B bl X KHMT, M3flaK mMXCfl B POCCMM, 51 BM Ky B Ce H O Bbie M H O Bbie M 3flaHM 5i M e M y a p o B H e M e u x u x o t m L4epoB, f la m C O /lfla T TO Ke, MCC/ieflOBaHM51 H em em KM X B O e H H b IX iic t o p iik o b. Haflo flymatb, c n p o c m m e h h o Ha HeMeMKMM B3T/15IA Ha BOHHy CeMHaC OCO0eHHO Be/1 MK. 3 T O TO Ke HHTepeCHblH 4 eHOMeH. /I K AH HIAyT x a x y io - T O A p y r y io n p a B fly m h a x o a b t ee y no6e kaehhbix. H e 3 H a io, co r/ia cm T e cb /ih b n c t3 k h m Ha6/iK AeHHeM. no cjdakty Bbi aoco/ixrmo npabbi. 3axoflMM b jiiooom Mara3MH XHM XHblM M 3TO BMflMM. ECTb OflHO Ma/ieHbxoe, npotmbhehbkoe, HeKpacMBeHbKoe ootachehme, mto M3flaTe/ibCTBaM npocto npome He rmatmtb rohopapbi, a 6paTb nkipatckmm o6pa30m HeMeuxMe MeMyapbi, M3flaHHbie b 50-x roflax (abtopob y xe AaBHO HeT b xmbwx), m npocto mx nenatatb. Bbi OyAeTe CMesiTbCfl, ho 3to TO xe m e e j MecTO. Ho, xpome 3Toro, ectb m 6o/iee cepbe3hbie npmmmhbi. 3TMX npmmmh, Ha MOM B3I71HQ, ABe. OAHa CBSBaHa C TeM, MTO rehepa/iob, Aa m i iojixobhmxob to ectb, Tex jikdagm, KOTOpbIM B TOAbl BTOpOM MMpOBOM BOMHbl 6bl/10 30, 40, 50 JieT, 3a peamamlummm MCXJIIOHeHMflMM, KaK Bbi nohmmaete, y xe b kmbnx HeT. no3tomy 3to BcerAa MeMyapbi /lioaem, yweawmx m3 km3hm. CoBeTCKMe rehepa/ibi, Mapma/ibi m no/ikobhmkm nmca/im cbom MeMyapbi b Ty anoxy, KOTopyio Mbi BCe XOpOLUO nomhmm, M 3TM MeMyapbi, CKOpee, 5IB/151KDTC51 CBMAeTe/ibCTBOM KanecTBa m/im He xanectba paootbi mockobckmx zimtepatyphbix HerpoB. Bbi xe nohmmaete, xax ohm nmca/imcb. B jiyhiuem c/iynae, rehepa/i mto-to emy Ha A a n e p a cck a 3 b ib a /i, jim TepaT yph bm H erp bto ag/io npeb paia a/i b KHMry, iiotom ee bo Bcex MHCTaHUMax p a c c M a T p M B a / im, y t b e p x a a ji m, A B a A U a T b p a 3 KOppeKTMpOBa/lM, He CMMTa9\ 3a30pHblM pe3atb TeKCTbl, HanMcaHHbie ABax Abi repoem CoBeTCKoro Coio3a m/im Mapma/iOM CoBeTCKoro Coio3a, b pe3y/ibtate no/iyna/imcb Te armtkm, KOTopbie ce m ac y xe, 3a peamamiiimm MCK/iiOMeHMeM, He npeactab/ifliot hm zimtepatyphom, hm McropMnecxoM UeHHOCTM. Ha 3tom dpone MeMyapbi HeMeuKMx rehepa/iob, rehepa/iob BepMaxTa, KOTopbie otcmag/im HexoTopoe KO/iMMecTBO n e j b TiopbMe, ho notom y xe mx rmca/im b cboooahom CTpaHe, b cboooahom EBpone, b AGMOKpaTMMeCKOM, HOBOM, oohobjiehhom fepm3hmm, OHM n p o cro MHc x)pmatnbhee. TaM He 6bmo hm BHyTpeHHeM (Hy, BHyTpeHH5i5i ueh3ypa Bcerfla npi/icytctbyet y ne/iobexa, 3 to xnboe cymectbo, He xom nbxrrep), hm BHeuiHeM ueh3ypbi, no3tomy M em yapbi H em euxm x reh epa/io B, M apiua/io B m nojixobhmxob npocto 6 o /ie e MHC )OpMaTMBHbl, M XOTb B xaxom-to CTeneHM ootextmbhbi. Ho n 6bi xo ie n o6patmtb Baiue BHMMaHMe, h to b jix)6om xhm xhom Mara3MHe cemnac orpom Hoe xo/imhectbo MeMyapoB cobetcxmx co/iflat, m 3 to uehhemlumm, 6oraTeMLUMM n /iacr HaiueM mctopmm, xy/ibtypbi. EcTb T a xaa cepm fl, n flym ax), MHorMe 3Hax)T ee, l/1/ibfl flpa6xm H 3Ty cepmx) co6mpaet, «5\ flp a/ica Ha T-34», «5\ Apa/ica Ha Mcrpe6MTe/iflx» t o ectb, BocnoMMHaHMfl cambix HTO HM Ha ectb p^flobblx Cep XaHTOB M JieMTeHaHTOB. CeMnac 3TMM JTOflflM, XOHeHHO, OHeHb MHOrO JieT, TeM He MeHee, 3TO M em yapbi, 3arm cah H bie cem nac, 3anM cahhbie, x o rfla 3tm npo
Related Search
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks