Imperium Romanorum Ρωμαϊκή Αυτοκρατορία - PDF

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Imperium Romanorum Ρωμαϊκή Αυτοκρατορία 146 BC -330 AD Senatus Populusque Romanus ( Σύγκλητος και Δήμος της Ρώμης ) Think Teen! SB Unit 5, Lesson 1, page 67 The Romans The Roman Empire The Roman Empire

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Imperium Romanorum Ρωμαϊκή Αυτοκρατορία 146 BC -330 AD Senatus Populusque Romanus ( Σύγκλητος και Δήμος της Ρώμης ) Think Teen! SB Unit 5, Lesson 1, page 67 The Romans The Roman Empire The Roman Empire at 44 BC at the death of Julius Caesar At the end of the first century AD the Roman Empire covered most of Europe, North Africa and parts of Asia. The Roman Empire The Roman Empire at 14 AD at the death of Octavianus Augustus The paved roads Mile stone The Roman Emperors built excellent roads which people used to trade and communicate. A Roman street in Pompeii Via Egnatia (146 BC) connecting Dyrrhachium (on Adriatic Sea) to Byzantium via Thessaloniki The paved roads All roads lead to Rome Aqueducts Rome's water supply system was one of the marvels of the ancient world. The Romans constructed numerous aqueducts to bring water from distant sources into their cities and towns, supplying public baths, latrines (toilet), fountains and private households. The aqueducts carrying water to Rome were covered to prevent the water from being contaminated by dust, dirt, and other impurities and from being heated by the sun. Aqueducts Aqueducts also provided water for mining operations, milling, farms and gardens. Public baths (Thermae) This picture is of one of the oldest surviving Roman bath houses - the bathhouse in Bath, near Bristol in the United Kingdom Men and women used separate bath houses. There was no soap so people used oil instead Sticks called strigils were used to scrape dirt off the body The bathhouse was more than just a place to wash. It was kind of like what shopping malls are today. It was a place to meet friends, a place where you could get something to eat, a place to workout, even a place to read the days news. You could even get your hair cut and styled. Inside the bathhouse were both hot and cold pools, saunas, workout rooms, reading rooms restaurants and even hair salons. And of course there were many slaves to pamper you. The air and water were heated by a number of underground furnaces. Water of two different temperatures-- hot and warm--circulated automatically by thermo-siphon. The largest of these, the Baths of Diocletian, could hold up to 3,000 bathers. Visitors had to pay an entry fee. The bather induced sweating by gradually exposing himself to increasing temperatures. Public baths (Thermae) Latrines -Toilets Roman public latrine found in the excavations of Ostia Antica; unlike modern installations, the Romans saw no need to provide privacy for individual users. Latrines were heated; nothing is colder than marble. sewers Waste water was removed by complex sewage systems. The sewers were covered but had large openings along the streets. Rome's sewers and drains emptied directly into the Tiber, whose polluted state must have been a constant problem for the Roman populace. Languages A 5th-century papyrus showing a parallel Latin-Greek text of a speech by Cicero, In Catilinam. There were two official languages, Latin and Greek. The Roman Empire in AD 116 The empire at its largest extent Hadrian: AD Hadrian was the first Roman emperor who had a beard. He made beards popular among the Romans. Aqueduct in Chalandri Hadrian: AD Adrian s gate in Athens Temple of Zeus in Athens. 124/5 AD The Picts were a group of Late Iron Age and Early Medieval Celtic people living in ancient eastern and northern Scotland 122: Hadrian s Wall 142: Antonine s Wall The Roman Emperor Hadrian started to build an eighty-mile long wall which became known as Hadrian's Wall to keep the 'barbarian' Picts from Scotland out of Roman Britain. Amphitheatre Every important Roman town had an amphitheatre where people watched gladiators and wild animals fight to death. Gladiatorial games Adopted from the earlier Etruscans, gladiatorial games originated in the rites of sacrifice due the spirits of the dead and the need to propitiate them with offerings of blood. They were introduced to Rome in 264 BC. Gladiators Gladiators Gladiators Gladiators Gladiators A murmillo stands victorious over a retiarius, a painting by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1872) Gladiators Gladiators Professional gladiators trained in special schools. Some gladiators wore bronze helmets which protected the face and neck. Gladiators Weapons Armour Shields net spear trident helmet greaves dagger Gladius chain mail The gladiators Gladiators A retiarius attacks his downed opponent, a secutor, with a dagger in this scene from a mosaic from the Villa Borghese. Bibliography http://www.salariya.com/web_books/gladiator/whos_who/pages/whatyou_ need.html 11.http://rome.mrdonn.org/gladiators.html, Ancient Rome for kids
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