Energy Efficiency Projects at CSSS Nord de Lanaudière - PDF

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Greenhouse Gas Project Report Energy Efficiency Projects at January 1 st 2012 to June 30 th, 2014 Project proponent: Centre de Santé et de Services sociaux du Nord de Lanaudière 1000, boulevard Sainte-Anne

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Greenhouse Gas Project Report Energy Efficiency Projects at January 1 st 2012 to June 30 th, 2014 Project proponent: Centre de Santé et de Services sociaux du Nord de Lanaudière 1000, boulevard Sainte-Anne Saint-Charles-Borromée (Québec) J6E 6J2 Prepared by: National Ecocredit 1100, René-Lévesque West Bvd, Suite 1310 Montréal (Québec) H3B 4N4 October 7 th, 2014 TABLE OF CONTENT TABLE OF CONTENT... ii LIST OF TABLES... iii ABBREVIATIONS... iv SOMMAIRE EXÉCUTIF INTRODUCTION PROJECT DESCRIPTION Project Title Objectives Project Lifetime Type of GHG Project Location Conditions prior to Project Initiation Description of How the Project Will Achieve GHG Emission Reductions or Removal Enhancements Project Technologies, Products, Services and Expected Level of Activity Aggregate GHG Emission Reductions and Removal Enhancements likely to Occur from the GHG Project Identification of Risks Roles and Responsibilities Project Proponent and Representative Monitoring and Data Collection Quantification and Reporting Responsible Entity Authorized Project Contact Project Eligibility under the GHG Program Environmental Impact Assessment Stakeholder Consultations and Mechanisms for On-going Communication Detailed Chronological Plan Ownership SELECTION OF THE BASELINE SCENARIO AND ASSESSMENT OF ADDITIONALITY IDENTIFICATION AND SELECTION OF GHG SOURCES, SINKS AND RESERVOIRS GHG Report ii 5. QUANTIFICATION OF GHG EMISSIONS AND REMOVALS Baseline GHG emissions/removals Project GHG emissions/removals Emission reductions DATA MONITORING AND CONTROL Fixed parameters Data and parameters requiring follow-up REPORTING AND VERIFICATION DETAILS APPENDIX I: CSSSNL s buildings APPENDIX II: Calculation examples for APPENDIX III: Collected data LIST OF TABLES Table 2-1: GHG Emission Reductions Forecast... 5 Table 2-2: Chronological Plan... 8 Table 3-1: Barrier Assessment... 9 Table 4-1: SSR Inventory Table 5-1Commercial/Institutional Energy use Table 7-1: Baseline Scenario GHG Emissions by Sources (t CO 2 e) Table 7-2: Baseline Scenario GHG Emissions by Buildings (t CO 2 e) Table 7-3: Project Scenario GHG Emissions by Sources (t CO 2 e) Table 7-4: Project Scenario GHG Emissions by Buildings (t CO 2 e) Table 7-5: GHG Emission Reductions by Sources (t CO 2 e) Table 7-6: GHG Emission Reductions by Buildings (t CO 2 e) Table 0-1 : Collected data for CHRDL building Table 0-2 : Collected data for CSE building Table 0-3 : Collected data for CH St-Antoine-de-Padoue building GHG Report iii ABBREVIATIONS BS: Baseline Scenario (GHG Emission Source) CDM: Clean Development Mechanism CO 2 : Carbon dioxide CH 4 : Methane N 2 O: Nitrous oxide CO 2 e: Carbon dioxide equivalent (usually expressed in metric tons) CSA: Canadian Standards Association EF: Emission Factor EPA : Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) HDD: Heating degree day GHG: Greenhouse gases GES: Gaz à effet de serre ISO: International Organization for Standardization IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change kwh: Kilowatt hour PS: Project Scenario (GHG emission source) SSR: Source, Sink and Reservoir t: Ton (metric) VER: Verified Emission Reduction GHG Report iv SOMMAIRE EXÉCUTIF (Please note that the remainder of the document is in English) Le Centre de Santé et de Services Sociaux (CSSS) du Nord de Lanaudière a depuis quelques années mis en place des projets permettant une réduction d émission de gaz à effet de serre. La principale mesure est l implantation de la géothermie et d un réseau basse température de chauffage pour ses deux plus grands bâtiments. La chaleur captée dans le sol est réinjectée dans le système central de chauffage ce qui diminue la consommation de l hôpital en énergie fossile. Cette source d énergie renouvelable va contribuer au bilan positif en termes de réductions d émission de GES de l hôpital. Le projet et les réductions d émissions de GES seront enregistrés au Registre des GES ÉcoProjets. Ces réductions sont obtenues et leur quantification effectuée suivant les principes et lignes directrices de la norme ISO tel que stipulé par le Registre des GES ÉcoProjets. La méthodologie employée à la quantification provient du CDM dont le titre est Energy efficient and fuel switching measures for buildings. Voici donc les réductions d émission de GES obtenues au cours des cinq dernières années : Année Réductions (tco 2 e) (jusqu au 30 juin) 5679 TOTAL GHG Report v 1. INTRODUCTION The (CSSSNL) provides several services to the community. The CSSS is responsible of the organization, coordination and offers of health services and social services in its territory. The has shown willingness to reduce its carbon footprint. More specifically, concrete actions have been taken to lower the building s energy consumption. Mostly related the heating system, the projects allow significant greenhouse gas emission reductions. Several energy measures have been implemented on the five buildings of CSSSNL. Three of those buildings present some significant emissions reductions and are taken into account in this report. This GHG report is presented in a format that meets the requirements of the CSA s GHG CleanProjects Registry and the ISO guidelines and principles: Relevance All relevant GHG sources are meticulously selected and presented in section 4. A precise methodology is used along with project specific parameters values. Completeness A complete assessment of GHG sources is made and all GHG types are considered in the applied quantification methodology. Complete information regarding project implementation, activities and GHG quantification is given through this GHG report. Consistency Chosen quantification methodology is appropriate for CSSSNL s specific projects. Established baseline scenario, as explained in section 3, is consistent with the project level of activity related to the heating needs of the buildings. Accuracy Calculation uncertainties are kept as small as possible. Transparency Project related information is transparently communicated through this document so that the intended user knows what the important data are, how they are collected and how the project actually leads to GHG emission reductions. Data monitoring and GHG emission reductions calculation are clearly detailed in order to provide the reader sufficient information to allow the user to confidently make decisions GHG Report 1 Conservativeness GHG emission reductions are not overestimated. When accuracy is jeopardized because of assumptions, conservative choices are made to make sure that GHG reductions are not overestimated. This report will be made available for public consultation. It is intended to serve as a transparent reference document to support the prospection of potential verified emission reductions (VER) buyers GHG Report 2 2. PROJECT DESCRIPTION 2.1. Project Title Energy Efficiency Projects at Centre de Santé et services sociaux du Nord de Lanaudière Objectives The objective of this project is to lower the total amount of GHG emitted at the various buildings of CSSSNL from an innovative heat recovery system Project Lifetime The implementation of the first measures started in 2011 and was completed in the same year; therefore the project start date is January 1 st In theory, the project ends when the equipment used for the project has reached the end of its useful life or when the principle of additionality ceases to be respected. It is reasonable to assume that these conditions will be respected for a minimum of 10 years. The grouped project has a claiming period starting on January 1 st 2012 and should end December 31 st Type of GHG Project The project falls under the category Energy consumption reduction. The project activities are mainly the implementation of geothermal energy and various energy efficiency measures. These include but are not limited to: modulation of stove-hood filters, efficiency review of HVCA systems, implementation of condensing boilers, and more efficient steam boilers Location The CSSSNL has various buildings on the North of Lanaudière region. Addresses of these five buildings are provided in Appendix I. However, main project activities occur in three of these buildings, taken into account in this report. Centre Hospitalier Régional de Lanaudière (CHRDL) 1000, boulevard Sainte-Anne Saint-Charles-Borromée (Québec) J6E 6J2 Latitude: 46 02'18.0 N Longitude: 73 27'19.8 W Centre d'hébergement St-Eusèbe (CSE) 585 boul. Manseau, Joliette (Québec) J6E 3E5 Latitude: 46 01'23.6 N Longitude: 73 26'30.4 W GHG Report 3 Centre d'hébergement St-Antoine-de-Padoue (CH Saint-Antoine-de-Padoue) 521 rue St-Antoine, St-Lin-Laurentides (Québec) J0R 1C0 Latitude: 45 51'13.7 N Longitude: 73 45'13.6 W 2.6. Conditions prior to Project Initiation Before 2012, all of these building were heated by electricity, natural gas and heating oil Description of How the Project Will Achieve GHG Emission Reductions or Removal Enhancements The GHG emission reductions result from implementation of geothermal energy and several energy efficiency measures. These reduce the overall demand for external energy to meet the same building needs. The beneficial outcome is a lower consumption of fossil fuel Project Technologies, Products, Services and Expected Level of Activity Project technologies installed in the various buildings are listed below 1. The year of installation is noticed. Geothermal energy and low temperature heating system Installation of Condensing boilers Stove-hood filters modulation HVAC systems improvement Roof space insulation improvement Installation of an efficient steam boiler New ventilation systems Heating systems improvement CH Région de Lanaudière CH Saint-Eusèbe CH Saint-Antoinede-Padoue Rapport de faisabilité détaillée présentée par Enegere, May 6 th GHG Report 4 2.9. Aggregate GHG Emission Reductions and Removal Enhancements likely to Occur from the GHG Project Table 2-1: GHG Emission Reductions Forecast Year Expected Emission reductions (until June 30 th ) Achieved Emission reductions TOTAL Due to SPEDE program 2, National Ecocredit cannot guaranty the availability of carbon credits from Identification of Risks National Ecocredit is confident that the emissions reductions presented in the previous section are representative of the actual emissions reductions. This emission reductions report was written according to ISO Specifications Requirements for quantification, monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emission reductions and removal enhancements assertions. In order to minimize risks, the methodology and GHG emission factors were selected based on their completeness and their international recognition. One risk is that the project, for one reason or another, had ceased to respect the principle of additionality over its course. As a result, the project would cease to be eligible under the CSA s GHG CleanProjects Registry. To ensure that the principle of additionality was respected throughout the project, the following was checked: - The measures responsible for emissions reductions do not become common practice or mandatory via new regulation Emission reductions are not only the results of technological improvements. They are also closely related to management methods. Should the energy efficiency measures not be accompanied by management methods applied with the same rigor year after year, the emissions reductions could be influenced negatively. 2 SEPDE : Système de plafonnement et d échange de droits d émission de gaz à effet de serre du Québec GHG Report 5 2.11. Roles and Responsibilities Project Proponent and Representative Centre de Santé et de Services Sociaux du Nord de Lanaudière (CSSSNL) Mr. Mathieu Desmarais Conseiller en bâtiment 1000, boulevard Sainte-Anne Saint-Charles-Borromée (Québec) J6E 6J2 Tel: poste Monitoring and Data Collection CSSSNL is responsible for project implementation and data monitoring. Data are provided by Mr. Mathieu Desmarais. Mr. Mathieu Desmarais Conseiller en bâtiment Tel: poste Quantification and Reporting Responsible Entity National Ecocredit is a firm specialized in non-traditional corporate financing. An expertise has been developed in the quantification of GHG emissions. Services are offered for GHG inventory, GHG emissions reduction project implementation, GHG markets advising, regulatory requirements and much more. Camille Orthlieb works at National Ecocredit as a carbon credits advisor. She has an environmental engineering Master degree from Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland. Before joining National Ecocredit, she worked from 2012 to 2013 with an engineering company, specialized on building energy efficiency. Camille Orthlieb Carbon credits advisor National Ecocredit ext GHG Report 6 Authorized Project Contact Karine Desjardins has the signing authority for National Ecocredit. She is authorized by the project proponent to perform requests and administrative tasks regarding the project registration. Karine Desjardins VP-Sales, Marketing and Structured Transactions National Ecocredit Project Eligibility under the GHG Program The project is eligible under the GHG CleanProjects Registry. It is implemented following the ISO guidelines and principles, is not attempted to be registered under another GHG program and does not create any other environmental credit Environmental Impact Assessment The nature of the project does not involve a required environmental impact assessment as the impact on the environment is limited to the GHG emissions Stakeholder Consultations and Mechanisms for On-going Communication Mr. Mathieu Desmarais, Buildings advisor, is responsible for the communications with the quantifier, the verifier and with all relevant stakeholders within the organisation and outside the organisation. Over the course of the project no stakeholder communication has generated results warranting a mention in this report Detailed Chronological Plan First project activities were implemented in 2011 at Centre d'hébergement St-Eusèbe. Project activities on the other buildings were implemented in But the crediting period started in 2012 because project activities at CH St-Eusèbe do not generate emissions reduction before Monitored data is reported in this report since 2010 and will be ongoing for all the duration of the project lifetime. In this report, GHG emission reductions are reported for the period January 1 st 2012 to June 30 th GHG emission reductions will be reported on a yearly basis for the remaining years of the project lifetime GHG Report 7 Table 2-2: Chronological Plan Date Steps in Process Before GHG 2010 Start of data monitoring Project Start Implementation of the first GHG project-related Date measures January 1 st 2012 Project start date st GHG report covering the period January June 2014 During GHG Project Yearly basis until 2021 GHG report on a yearly basis for the remaining year of the project lifetime Ownership CSSSNL has contracted and paid National Écocrédit for this quantification work, therefore this GHG report is its property. CSSSNL is the rightful owner of the emission reductions because the organisation is the instigator for the energy efficiency projects related to this GHG reduction project, has paid for all measures implemented as part of this project and is the owner of the building in which it was implemented GHG Report 8 3. SELECTION OF THE BASELINE SCENARIO AND ASSESSMENT OF ADDITIONALITY The baseline scenario is selected among alternative scenarios representing what would have happened without the project. The alternative scenario that is most likely to occur is selected as the baseline scenario. In this case, the project is voluntary. It aims to lower the energy consumption and the GHG emissions. The scenario that is most likely to occur in the absence of this project is that the equipment in place prior to the project activities continues to be operated (status quo) and the associated GHG emissions for energy consumption remain at the same level. An equipment change or retrofit is not required by law and to maintain the status quo remains the least expensive and effort demanding scenario. The emission reductions achieved by the project are additional to what would have occurred in the absence of the GHG project since it is voluntary and faces significant investment barriers. Its implementation is highly motivated by the GHG emission reductions potential. Below is a summary of the barrier assessment that was performed to justify the choice of the baseline scenario and the additionality of the project. Table 3-1: Barrier Assessment Potential Barrier Project Scenario Efficiency measures Law and regulation No barrier No barrier Financial Technology Significant investments Existing barrier Requires adaptation to new technological environment Existing barrier Baseline Scenario Status quo Maintenance cost only No barrier No barrier The baseline scenario is therefore determined as the use of heating equipment that was in place prior to project initiation. Baseline energy consumption per unit of activity level (m 2 of heated area) is set as the years preceding the project start date. The baseline scenario and the project scenario deliver the same level of services; both respond to the building s energy needs GHG Report 9 4. IDENTIFICATION AND SELECTION OF GHG SOURCES, SINKS AND RESERVOIRS The SSRs for the baseline and the project scenario are identified in the table below and it is stated whether they are included or excluded from the quantification and whether they are controlled, related, or affected SSR. The CDM Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings 3 methodology has been selected to evaluate the GHG sources, sinks and reservoirs. According to this methodology, the energy baseline consists of the energy use of the existing equipment that is replaced in the case of retrofit measures and of the facility that would otherwise be built in the case of a new facility. Because the hospital has implemented multiple activities which are not explicitly covered by the methodology, the SSRs are also identified according to the expertise of the quantification team. GHG reductions are from the decrease use of fossil fuel to meet the energy needs for heating. Fuel combustion represents the most important sources of GHG emissions involved in this GHG emission reduction project. CO 2, CH 4 and N 2 O are three types of GHG commonly resulting from combustion, CO 2 usually being a more abundant product of the reaction. No sources of PFC, HFC and SF6 have been identified in relation to the GHG project. They therefore are excluded from the quantification to ease the understanding. Although the methodology does not require specifically the quantification of all of the three gases related to this project (CO 2, CH 4 and N 2 O), these were included in the calculation for a more complete emissions' profile and to be in accordance with the registry requirements which requires to present emissions by GHG types. The SSR Inventory is presented in a table on the next page. 3 Energy efficiency and fuel switching measures for buildings, version 10.0, November Internet link: GHG Report 10 Table 4-1: SSR Inventory Source Baseline Fuel extraction, processing and transport Emissions from electricity production Fossil fuel combustion Incl/Excl? Type? Excluded Related Included Controlled Included Controlled Explanation This emission source is assumed to be negligible compared to the combustion. Electricity consumption stays significant before and after the project. An important source of greenhouse gases. Fossil fuel covers natural gas and heavy fuel oil. Project Fuel extraction, processing and transport Excluded Related This emission source is assumed to be negligible compared to the combustion. Emissions from electricity production Included Controlled Electricity consumption stays significant before and after the project. Fossil fu
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