EmCmQrv. 9ypt ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT. Iii. Nubarìa-Metnama Natural Gas Pipeline, The Egy ptian Natural Gas Holding Company - PDF

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Iii Submitted to: The Egy ptian Natural Gas Holding Company Nubarìa-Metnama Natural Gas Pipeline, 9ypt Submitted bv: EmCmQrv EcoCoiiServ Environmental Solutions 12 El-S.ilch Ayoub St.. Zarnaieic. Cilro.

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Iii Submitted to: The Egy ptian Natural Gas Holding Company Nubarìa-Metnama Natural Gas Pipeline, 9ypt Submitted bv: EmCmQrv EcoCoiiServ Environmental Solutions 12 El-S.ilch Ayoub St.. Zarnaieic. Cilro. Egypt IVi: - : Fax: E-mai;; grr.ena(ì7)f^.:rj-,-.nserv.co:n L'RJ-.' n.\vn;,//}vww.t:cocorì5efy.(:i.i_ì n ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Draft Report February 2011 CASCO / World Bank TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS i LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVL^TONS iv 1. Introduction 1 LI Background ; Project 0\'erview 1 L3 Approach and Methodology Approach to Study Data Collection Methodology Stakeholders Consultation 4 2. Legal and Administrative Framework Applicable Environmental Legislation in Egypt : Law 4/1994 for the Environment Law 38/1967 for General Cleanliness Law 48/1982 for Protection of River Nile and Watercourses Law 117/1983 for Protection of Antiquities Law 4/1988 concerning Petroleum Pipelines Applicable Social Legislation in Egypt ^ World Bank Guidelines and Safeguard Policies OP Environmental Assessment OP Physical Cultural Resources., OP Involuntary Resettlement Description of the Environment Administrative Disuicts Qalubia Goveniorate Menoufia Governo rate El Beheira Govemorate ^ of October Govemorate Location and Land Use Climate Soil,, Geology : ' General outlines Geomoφhology Tectonic Frameworks Groundwater Groundwater Hydrology 28 ^ Groundwater Flow Hydraulic Parameters: Recharge and Discharge: Hydrochemistry Groundwater Fluctuation and Rising Problems Surface Water Flora and Fauna 33 EcoConServ CASCO / World Bank Flora Fauna Project Description Pipeline Components,, Pipeline Route Valve Room Locations Pressure Reduction Station Design Gas Composition and Flow Rate Work Schedule Equipment Used During the Construction Phase Construction Acti\ities and Methodologies Planning and system design Mobilization of equipment, materials, and woriiers..: Site preparation and excavation Pipe Storage 46, Foundations Structural Woric or Civil Work Trenching Lowering and Laving Backfilling ', Welding and Weld Inspection Valves and Tie-ins PipeCleanmg Disposal of Chemicals Special Crossings Dewatering Magnetic Cleaning and Georhetric Pigging Dr\'ing and Commissioning Breaking of infrastructure pipes Records and Operating Manuals Pipeline Surveillance Pipeline Patrolling Leakage Survey Description of Operation Phase Normal operarion Repairs and replacement Analysis of Alternatives the No Action Alternative ' Construction Alternatives 58 Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD): 58 Open-Cut Method: Routing Alternatives Assessment of Main Environmental and Social Impacts Positive Impacts Potenti-uHy Negative Impacts During Construction Waste Generation Reduction of Traffic Flow Air Emissions Noise 66 EcoConServ CASCO / World Bank Soil Quality ; 67 ^ Flora and Fauna Damage to Infrastructure Stability of Existing Stractures Potential Negative Impacts During Operation Air Emissions, Impacts of Excavation Works : Potential Social Impacts Negative Social Impacts During Construction Negative Social Impacts During Operation Affected parties Key Issues for Consideration Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) Objectives of the ESMP Management and Monitoring Activities During Construction Phase Management of Traffic : Management of Air Emissions Management of Noise Management of Excavation Activities Posing Risk on Infrastructure Management of Dewatering and Tunneling Activities Posing Risk to Structural Stability Management of Waste Disposal Management of Social Impacts Management of Culturally Valuable Sites Management and Monitoring Activities During Operation Phase :.,...: Management of Repairs and Maintenance Mitigation Measures for PRS Safety Aspects Mitigation Measures for Social Impacts during operation S8 7.4 Criteria for Environmental and Social Screening the Activities of the Project Institutional Framework for Implementation Environmental Management Structure of the Implementing Agency Required Resources Public Consultation Scoping Phase Public Consultation 98 Annex A: Baseline Social Data 104 Annex B: Compensation and Grievance Forms 110 Annex C: Public Consultation Documents 113 EcoConServ CASCO/World Bank LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS CAPMAS EDHS EEAA EGAS ESIA ESMP FGD GASCO MOSEA NG NGO PPM PRS RPF UNDP WB Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company Environmental and Social Impact Assessment Environmental and Social Management Plan Focus group discussion Egyptian Natural Gas Company Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs Natural Gas Non Govemmental organizations Parts Per Million Pressure Reduction Station Resettlement Policy Framework Human Development Report Worid Bank EcoConServ GASCO / World Bank 1. Introduction 1.1 Background In a country where natural gas is abundant, affordable, and the cleanest of fossil fiiels, it is increasingly becoming the fiiel of choice. Gas is gaining tremendous momentum as a core item in Egypt's energy strategy accounting for more than 50% of Egyptian hydrocarbon. Demand on gas is soaring like never before as many industries are shifting to gas for better performance, substantial savings, and environmental compliance. The Ministry of Petroleum manages the utilization of gas in all sectors as well as the implementation of major gas projects covering discovery, delivery, and triggering untapped potential, encouraging the use of natural gas serving different industries (power generation, fertilizer production, iron and steel, industrial cities), while satisfying the local market requirements of natural gas as a fiiel, a feedstock for the petrochemical industry, and opening new markets for Egj'ptian natural gas. The process of maximizing natural gas utilization in Egypt is witnessing outstanding development, rapid progress, and foreign investment through increasing the value added to petroleum products, to achieve self-sufficiency of LPG and gas derivatives used as feedstock for the petrochemicals. The global energy industry focuses increasingly on the exploration and development of natural gas. The development of the know-how and the utilization of interactive technology have completely reshaped oil and gas exploration in Egypt leading to the discovery of a host of new gas fields in the Mediterranean, especially the deep water gas discoveries, and the western desert. Focus is increasingly on new technologies for the conversion of gas into marketable products. In response to the energy market change, Egypt has been very keen to play a key role in gas processing in a bid to achieving self sufficiency of LPG and other gas valuable components and derivatives either as feed stocks for the petrochemical industry or as an export option stimulating a wave of national or international projects, adding new dimensions to the gas industry and giving rise to the establishment or the development of petrochemical projects in Egypt. It is a step forward towards achieving integration between all companies working in the gas business. 1.2 Project Overview The aim of the proposed project is to supply natural gas to the North Giza power station and support national gas grid. In Egypt, the domestic market for natural gas is currently under-supplied and demand is growing. Due to major recent discoveries, natural gas is likely to be the pnmary growth engine of Egypt's energy sector for the foreseeable future. Egypt's natural gas sector is now expanding rapidly. In the Nile Delta region, which has become a worid-class natural gas basin, the total quaniily of natural gas EcoConServ GASCO / World Bank produced from fields and delivered to GASCO reached 43.3 bcm in 2005, achieving 14% development. The Egyptian Natural Gas Company (GASCO) is carrying out multiple projects to support the expanding national gas grid. Among them is a proposed 32 diameter, 105 km long pipeline to transport natural gas from the Nubaria power station to a Pressure Reduction Station at the North Giza power station, and continuing to join the Metnama pipeline at an area called Nawa or Ezbet Swelem. Laying of the pipeline will involve digging trenches where possible, but upon encountering waterways, a new trenchless technology called Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) will be employed. The project also includes any necessary control stations, compressor stations, pumping stations, etc. that may be constmcted along the way. The planned path of the pipeline runs through agricultural lands and inhabited areas, crosses several major transportation routes and waterways (including the Nile), and may potentially encounter and disrupt sites of general cultural or ecological importance in the region. EcoConServ has been asked to prepare an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) including a Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF). The study examines the effects of the planned activities on existing environmental and social conditions in areas affected by the project, and proposes measures for monitoring and mitigating any potential negative outcomes. The requirements of the Egyptian Envirormiental Affairs Agency (EEAA) for Environmental Impact Assessments of Oil and Gas Sector Projects, and the relevant World Bank (WB) Environmental and Social Safeguard Policies have been integrated in the preparation of this ESIA. 1.3 Approach and Methodology Approach to Study The approach of the study will be according to the following steps: Conduct several visits with the team of experts, to the site for carr\'ing out site reconnaissance and baseline data collection at the local concerned authorities. Assess the potential environmental and social impacts of the project in the study area by carrying out baseline surveys. Assess risks and hazards associated with the project activities Compare the impacts in relation to relevant national and international requirements and guidelines. Develop screening criteria for acceptability of project intervention from environmental and social aspects. Develop an environmental and social management plan for the mitigation of the potentially negative impacts and for monitoring compliance with the relevant environrriental laws. Produce a comprehensive ESIA and RPF. Hold two public consultation events to be ^ublicly announced and well-attended by relevant stakeholders of the project. EcoConServ GASCO / World Bank Assess the capacity of the implementing agencies to implement the developed environmental and social management framework. Develop a capacity building program io cover any mcjitified gapvin the capacity of the implementing agencies regarding environmental and social measures Data Collection Methodology Phvsical and Biological Data A site visit was conducted in order to collect information and data about the pathway of the pipeline and to come up with the nature of the pathway. In order to do so, the visit was established in a way to trace the exact route proposed by GASCO (as much as possible), from the source point to the end point. Many stops occurred during the visit in order to examine fauna, flora, type of crops in agricuture lands and source of irrigation, soil type, existance of water bodies (surface and groundwater), drainage networks, main geologic features and outcrops, and geomoφhologic and topographic features. Many pictures were taken for the main observation during the visit. The geologic and geomoφhologic studies will include geologic history (surface and subsurface), lithostratigraphic succession and the main geologic structures such as faults and folds features, and eartiiquake history, if any. In addition to topographic and geomoφhologic features of the landscape of the areas, in case of the e astence of drainage patterns and high land zones, a quantitative geomoφhologic study will be performed in order to estimate the flood nsk that might affect the sites. For the puφose of the flora and fauna studies, the pipeline pathway was investigated as one transect starting from the start point at Nubaria power station to the end point of Nawa. All different species and other plant and animal signs (e.g. dens) were recorded by direct observation during active searches. All habitats and recorded species were documented by photographs Social Data This study was carried out during February This survey relied upon two sources of data, namely secondary and primary data. The secondary data was collected from previous reports i.e.; 1. Egyptian Human Development Report 2010 (EHDR), 2. The Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey 2008 (EDHS), 3. Information and census data from the Egyptian Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS), 4. Egypt's Description by Information 2007, Volume I «& 2 and the 8'*' edition The primary data was collected from the following groups: 1. GASCO staff i.e. site engineers, environmental protection engineers, lawyers. EcoConServ GASCO / World Bank 2. Community members along the line side i.e. farmers, landlords, peasant. Bedouins and vehicle drivers In addition to the above mentioned sources, documentation with photos took place in order to have a clear overview of different area characteristics that might play a major role during the construction and operation of the line. Moreover, previous projects implemented by GASCO were analyzed in order to have a clear idea about the current monitoring and compensation strategy applied. Additionally, the level of community resistance to different types of compensations provided was investigated Stakeholders Consultation Stakeholders' consultation was a core part of the preparation of the ESIA and the RPF for this project. The various stages involved several consultation activities where stakeholders were given the opportunity to contribute to the ESIA and the RPF. ITie stakeholders' consultation has been conducted during the following main phases: Scoping Phase As part of the scoping phase of the ESIA, collective consultation meeting was planned The announcement of the planned meeting was published on the National Newspaper El Ahram on 27 Jan However, due to the various consequences of the 25 ^ January Revolution and the country's wide protests that ensued over the following weeks, govemmental and private sector offices were closes, wide curfews were across the country and the securit ' situation in the country was unstable. It was quite difficult to carry out the meeting collectively on the planned time. Few days later and after relative stability of the conditions, the consultant carried out a field survey for the planned route. The field surveys involved comprehensive investigations to evaluate the environmental and social assessment of the proposed project. Interviews were carried out with different groups, in order to include their inputs about the proper scope of the study, and what they consider the most important environmental and social impacts. The following stakeholders w ere met with: Environmental Department manager at GASCO, The head of Geodesy Department at GASCO, A lawyer at GASCÓ, 1 ferry worker 3 farmers 6 people from the current North Giza electricity station It is worth mentioning that the sample was interviewed along the line of the project in agricultural areas that might be affected by the project implementation. The study team was guided by the engineers from GASCO. EcoConServ GASCO / World Bank The team believes that the adopted approach during the scoping phase was the most efficient given the current event in Egypt. The adopted approach allowed for reaching the persons who wiu be more likely affected by the projects including farmers and Bedouins located within the project route Public Consultation Phase Stakeholder participation and consultation should be core to the ESIA preparation process in order to ensure that the analysis and the proposed mitigation plan clearly reflect the views and interests of the various groups of stakeholders, particularly the potentially affected groups. As part of the Public Consultation phase, a draft version of the Executive Summary of the ESIA report was reviewed by a group of project stakeholders. Questions and comments were heard regarding the details of the report, and these suggestions were then incoφorated into the final version of the report, to ensure that it accurately reflects the concerns of those most directly affected by the project activities. EcoConServ CASCO/World Bank 2. Legal and Administrative Framework 2.1 Applicable Environmental Legislation in Egypt Law 4/1994for the Environment The Law for the Environment, its Executive Regulations Decree 338/1995, is the key legislation governing environmental protection in Egypt. The law stipulates in Articles 19 through 23 that an Environmental Impact Assessment should be prepared for development projects, as a step in the licensing procedure. In case the project has been approved, the law obliges the project proponent to keep an Environmental Record to document the environmental performance of the project. EEAA Guidelines of EIA for Oil and Gas Sector, Januar»' 2005, has classified Distnbution Network of Natural Gas for Cities as a Categor\- C Project, which requires a fiali EIA according to certain conditions, which have been followed in preparation of this study. The Law regulates in Articles 29 through 33 the handling of hazardous substances and wastes. The law stipulates that handling of hazardous substances should be after having license from a competent administrative authority, which is the Ministry of Petroleum in this project. The Ministr\' of Petroleum has issued a list of substances that are classified as hazardous. Among these substances are the odorant agent used in Pressure Rediicing Stations, and possible lubricating oils. Empty containers of such substances will be classified as hazardous waste. The Executive Regulations of the law details in Articles 26 through 28 the steps of granting handling license. Article 33 and Annex 3 of the Executive Regulations specify the required data to be recorded in the Environmental Register related to hazardous materials and wastes. The Executive Regulations of Law 4/1994 gives limits for noise levels in working environment, which apply to excavation/construction activities in the project, and the ambient noise levels in different locations, which applies to areas near construction works of the project. Both limits are given in Tables 2.1 to 2.3 below. Noise intensify level (LAeq) - Decibel Period of exposure - one hour /2 1/4 Noise intensify- level (LAeq) - Decibel Number of permissible impacts - impacts Impact is considered intermitienl it the period between impacts is one second or more EcoConServ CASCO / World Bank PERMISSIBLE LIMIT FOR NOISE ΓΝ l ENSIT / DECIBEL (LAeq) TYPE OF AREA DAY EVENF NG NIGHT From To From To From To 07:00 18:00 18:00 22:00 22:00 07:00 Residential rural areas, hospitals and gardens Residential suburbs with low traffic Residential areas in the citv Residential areas in which can be found some workshops or commercial establishments or which are located on a main road Commercial and administrative areas or downtown Industrial areas (heaw industries) Protection of air environment from pollution is governed by Law 4/1994 in Articles 34 through Article 47. The Executive Regulations has determined in Annex 5 maximum concentrations of air pollutants in ambient air, which are listed in Table 2.4. In Annex 6 of the Executive Regulations are standards for emissions from fuel machinery, which are applicable to excavation machiner.' (trencher, excavators... etc.). These standards are given in Table 2.5. EcoConServ CASCO/World Bank Table 2-4: Maximum limits for air pollutants in ambient air POLLUTANT MAXIMUM LIMIT (μ/m' if otherwise identified) Sulphur Dioxide hr hrs 60 1 year Carbon Monoxide 30 Milligrams/cubic meter Ihr 10 Milligrams/cubic meter 8hr Nitrogen
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