Christchurch Central Recovery Plan Te Mahere Maraka Ōtautahi. An Accessible City. He Taone Wātea. Replacement transport chapter October PDF

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan Te Mahere Maraka Ōtautahi Replacement transport chapter October 2013 An Accessible City He Taone Wātea Published in October 2013 by Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority

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Christchurch Central Recovery Plan Te Mahere Maraka Ōtautahi Replacement transport chapter October 2013 An Accessible City He Taone Wātea Published in October 2013 by Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority Christchurch, New Zealand Contact Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) Private Bag 4999, Christchurch Citation Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (2013). An Accessible City Christchurch Central Recovery Plan: Replacement transport chapter October Christchurch: Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority. Imagery Credit Some imagery sourced from the ISBNs (Print) (Online) Crown copyright This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand licence. Contents He rārangi upoko The was notified in the New Zealand Gazette on 31 July 2012 and had effect from that date. It contained limited information on transport. It was intended that more detailed work would be done to design a transport system to support the recovery of the central city of Christchurch. This document was developed by Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) in partnership with the Christchurch City Council (CCC), Environment Canterbury (ECAN) and the New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA). Public consultation took place between November 2012 and the beginning of February This An Accessible City is an addendum to the Christchurch Central Recovery Plan and replaces the transport chapter, pages 89 to 94 inclusive. An Accessible City also includes amendments to the transport provisions of Christchurch City Council's District Plan, including replacing the Transport Environments Map. Part 1: Accessibility 5 Transport options 5 Walking 8 Cycling 10 Main Streets 12 Bus interchange and public transport 13 Car travel 16 Parking and service access 18 Wayfinding 19 Implementation and monitoring 20 Statutory direction to amend District Plan 21 Part 2: District Plan provisions 23 Central city road use hierarchy DEANS AVE HARPER AVE HAGLEY AVE RICCARTON AVE PARK TCE ROLLESTON AVE VICTORIA ST CAMBRIDGE TCE OXFORD TCE DURHAM ST DURHAM ST MANCHESTER ST MANCHESTER ST GLOUCESTER ST WORCESTER ST LICHFIELD ST FERRY RD Cycling Car travel Walking Public transport Bus interchange Diagram shows prioritised routes for different travel modes 4 Accessibility Te wāteatanga The buildings, open spaces, streets and facilities within the central city will be safe, accessible and people friendly. A more accessible and safer built environment will benefit everyone. It will become more accessible not just to people with disabilities, but also to older people, those with young children, and people with temporary mobility issues. A more accessible city will also offer accessible tourism opportunities. Greater accessibility will occur as public buildings, roads and footpaths are rebuilt to comply with current standards, which require improved accessibility beyond what many older structures have. All building work must comply with the Building Act 2004 by following the New Zealand Building Code. Under this Code, building and design features must allow people with disabilities to carry out normal activities and processes within them. Compliance with the New Zealand Standard 4121:20-01 Design for Access and Mobility Buildings and Associated Facilities, cited in the Building Code as being an optional design standard, will be encouraged within the central city. The Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) and Christchurch City Council are committed to making central Christchurch a place for everyone by ensuring that accessibility checks are incorporated into master planning and building consent processes at both the design and implementation phases of projects. For example, barrier-free audits are being trialled for anchor projects, and developers and service providers are encouraged to include barrier-free audits at the design stage of their delivery processes. Safety and personal security are key priorities for all users, and ongoing consultation to develop and implement best practice in accessible transport infrastructure design and management is encouraged. Transport options Ngā whiringa The new central city will be a great place to live, work, play, learn and visit. It will be more attractive and compact, and will offer a wider range of activities. The central city transport system will provide a range of travel options that are flexible and resilient, able to accommodate projected population growth as well as supporting growth in travel by public transport, walking and cycling. Opportunities to future-proof the system through the use of new and smart technologies will be explored. Before the earthquakes, central Christchurch provided over 20 per cent of jobs within the greater Christchurch Central area and there were around 350,000 trips per day to, from and within the central city. The Recovery Plan will support the re-establishment of central Christchurch s function as the primary activity centre for greater Christchurch. Ensuring central Christchurch has reliable, safe, effective and efficient connections to the rest of Christchurch and Canterbury is vital for the recovery of the central city and of the wider region. The transport system will allow people to travel easily between the central city and other parts of Christchurch Central and to get to key destinations within the central city, whether they are walking, cycling, using public transport or driving. The transport system will also support the creation of people-friendly places within the central city, in particular by making the Core a pedestrian-priority area, reducing traffic speeds and enhancing streetscapes. Some changes have been made to the road layout to reflect the location of Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct, the Frame and other anchor projects. Routes will be prioritised for various modes of transport to provide efficient and safe access to and from the central city. This incorporates a road use hierarchy approach that identifies different preferred routes to access the central city depending on how people choose to travel. The streets with multiple main bus routes will be prioritised for buses, and other vehicles will be encouraged onto distributor streets. Pedestrian facilities will be improved across the central city, and particularly in the Core, on Main Streets, within the Frame and within Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct. Prioritised cycle routes connected to the wider Christchurch cycle network will provide good access to the central city and the Core. Other streets will provide for cyclists where possible. Vehicles travelling into the central city and the Core will be encouraged onto distributor streets that lead off the avenues. Most of the existing oneway streets will be retained to ensure vehicles can access the central city easily. Tuam Street will become a west east one-way street to replace the Oxford Terrace/Lichfield Street one-way. The avenues themselves will be upgraded to improve travel around the central city. This road use hierarchy provides a one-network approach to minimise mode conflicts and provide more enjoyable journeys for different types of users. 5 Central Christchurch speed zones DEANS AVE HARPER AVE HAGLEY AVE RICCARTON AVE PARK TCE ROLLESTON AVE VICTORIA ST CAMBRIDGE TCE OXFORD TCE DURHAM ST DURHAM ST MANCHESTER ST MANCHESTER ST GLOUCESTER ST WORCESTER ST LICHFIELD ST FERRY RD Maximum speeds Inner zone - maximum 30km/hr (including main streets) Outer zone - maximum 50km/hr Core Vehicle speeds will be slowed to a maximum of 30km/hr in the Inner Zone. This supports the intended environment of the compact Core and adjacent Frame of central Christchurch. For the rest of the central city network, speed limits will be a maximum of 50km/hr, but some streets may be managed at a slower speed to fit with the surrounding environment, such as in local residential areas. The streets will be designed to support and reinforce the intended speed environments so that the system is self-explaining to users. As part of road network and streetscape upgrades, the opportunity to implement environmentally sensitive solutions will be taken. Consistent with the development of Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct, exotic plantings within the central city will be supplemented with the use of indigenous trees and other plants. Implementation Develop design guidelines Develop network concept plans Develop implementation plan with timing of works CERA, CCC By December Transport choices in the central city DEANS AVE HARPER AVE HAGLEY AVE RICCARTON AVE PARK TCE ROLLESTON AVE VICTORIA ST CAMBRIDGE TCE OXFORD TCE DURHAM ST DURHAM ST MANCHESTER ST MANCHESTER ST GLOUCESTER ST WORCESTER ST LICHFIELD ST FERRY RD I work at the Hospital and use the bus so I don't have to worry about parking. Buses arrive every 10 minutes and drop me at the super stop right outside. I live and work in the central city. It's a great place to walk, especially along the Avon River in the morning. Driving in and shopping at the Retail Precinct is easy. It makes shopping in the central city enjoyable. Central Christchurch is a great place to bike. I take the cycle routes for my morning classes and use the slow streets in the Core on my way home. 7 Walking Te haere mā raro Creating better streets for pedestrians will help attract shoppers, residents and visitors, and so support businesses to re-establish themselves in the central city. Vehicle speeds within the Inner Zone will be no more than 30km/hr, to ensure pedestrian safety. The Core will be a pedestrian-friendly area. Some streets may be for pedestrians only and others will be modified as shared spaces where traffic is slowed and pedestrians have priority over other users. Universal design principles and best practice guidelines (such as RTS 14 Guidelines for facilities for blind and visionimpaired pedestrians) should be used to ensure a safe route to and through the area for those with disabilities. The use of non-motorised user safety and barrierfree audits is encouraged during design and ongoing maintenance to ensure that accessible routes are not compromised. The Retail Precinct in the blocks on either side of Cashel Street will be for pedestrians only. There will be service vehicle access outside busy pedestrian times and from lanes running through the blocks. Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct and the Frame will provide a high-quality, safer walking network around the Core and the wider central city. Crime prevention through environmental design principles will be followed in the design of the network. The east west streets between the Core and Hagley Park will be improved over time to provide attractive and safe pedestrian routes between these two destinations. As the central city redevelops, an aim will be to create opportunities to provide attractive, safe through-block connections and north-south laneways in particular. These connections will be required in the Retail Precinct. Typical central city street before Typical slow Core street after 8 Key walking links in the central city DEANS AVE Note: HARPER AVE There are many existing walking routes within Hagley Park HAGLEY AVE RICCARTON AVE PARK TCE ROLLESTON AVE VICTORIA ST CAMBRIDGE TCE OXFORD TCE DURHAM ST DURHAM ST MANCHESTER ST MANCHESTER ST GLOUCESTER ST WORCESTER ST LICHFIELD ST FERRY RD All streets will have provisions for pedestrians Bus interchange Potential laneways within the Core. Images courtesy Tim Church Las Ramblas, Barcelona, Spain 9 Cycling Te haere mā runga paihikara Cycling will be encouraged in the central city. Routes for both commuter and recreational cyclists will offer good connections from the wider city into the central city and the Core. Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct and the Frame will provide an attractive, safe cycling route into the central city and around the edge of the Core. Other key cycle routes are proposed to link with safe crossing points of the river and the avenues. The slower speed within the Inner Zone will make it safer for cyclists to share space with cars. Key cycling routes will be prioritised for cycling and have separated paths where possible to provide safe and comfortable routes. Prioritised intersections along these routes will have improved safety for cyclists, especially from turning vehicles. Other streets will have improved cycle facilities to address safety issues as necessary. Cycle routes in Te Papa Ōtākaro/Avon River Precinct and the Frame will be separated in most places from walking routes to ensure the safety of both pedestrians and cyclists. Cycle parking facilities will be provided at convenient locations. These will be secure, covered where possible, and located at a range of key destinations. Building developers will provide cycle parking in their buildings in line with the District Plan requirements. Secure cycle parking is planned at the new Bus Interchange and the super stops near the Hospital and on Manchester Street, so that people can easily travel by a combination of cycling and public transport. Kerb Cycle lane Kerb Rumble strip Cycle lane Kerb Possible cycle lane options Separated cycle lane in Melbourne, Australia. 10 Key cycling routes in the central city DEANS AVE HARPER AVE Note: Paths in Hagley Park can be shared with pedestrians HAGLEY AVE RICCARTON AVE PARK TCE ROLLESTON AVE VICTORIA ST CAMBRIDGE TCE OXFORD TCE DURHAM ST DURHAM ST MANCHESTER ST MANCHESTER ST GLOUCESTER ST WORCESTER ST LICHFIELD ST FERRY RD Other streets will have cycling facilities as appropriate. Connections beyond the avenues to be aligned with CCC cycle plans. Bus interchange Implementation Develop design guidelines - cycling CERA, CCC By December Main Streets Ngā huarahi matua Victoria Street and Colombo Street south will be significant shopping and business streets. To reflect this function, these streets will be redeveloped as Main Streets, with enhanced streetscapes that support retail and mixed-use development. Implementation Develop network concept plans CERA, CCC By December 2013 These streets will be prioritised for walking and cycling and they will be slowed to a maximum of 30km/hr. Main Streets that are public transport routes will contain appropriate public transport priority measures. Typical Main Street before Vehicular through-traffic will be discouraged in order to ease congestion, but some short-term, on-street parking will be provided. Main Streets will have a high standard of landscaping and surface treatment, street furniture and lighting. They will be designed to match the local character of the individual streets and building frontages. Typical Main Street after Typical Main Street 12 Bus interchange and public transport Te whakawhitinga pahi me ngā waka tūmatanui Public transport routes and infrastructure will encourage bus travel to and from the central city with capacity for a significant increase in bus use in the coming decades. Bus Interchange The Bus Interchange is the anchor of the public transport system known as the Metro system. The Interchange will be designed to accommodate significant growth in bus patronage over time and will be located in the block bounded by Tuam, Colombo, Manchester and Lichfield Streets. This location, with pedestrian links on Lichfield and Colombo Streets, will provide convenient walking connections to the southern half of the Core, the South and East Frames, and the Stadium. The Bus Interchange will prioritise passenger convenience and comfort. It will integrate attractively with surrounding streets and land uses, taking into account the range of needs and abilities of users. Where possible, complementary uses will be incorporated into the facility design or adjacent areas including retail opportunities, cycle storage facilities and development opportunities above groundfloor level. Bus movements to, through and away from the Interchange will be made as efficient as possible to minimise conflicts with other users and ensure minimal delay to buses. The area in and around the Bus Interchange can also cater for inter-city coaches, airport transfers and taxis. In this way it will provide a consolidated transit point for locals and visitors to the city. Public transport routes Consistent with the Canterbury Regional Public Transport Plan, public transport routes to the Interchange will be consolidated and will mainly go around the edge of the Core, along Manchester and Tuam/St Asaph Streets. With the exception of Tuam and St Asaph Streets, buses will generally run on two-way roads. This will mean that inbound and outbound stops are close to each other, making the routes simple for people to understand and use. The routes coming into the central city will provide a high-frequency service along the consolidated routes. Service frequencies on the core network will be every 10 minutes in peak periods and every 15 minutes at other times. These routes come into the central city from suburban interchanges. Improved facilities in Northlands/Papanui and Riccarton (the highest passenger demand corridors) are required to support the central city public transport recovery package and encourage increased use. Priority public transport measures will be provided where necessary to ensure reliable bus journeys. A soft edge between the Core and the East Frame will be created by converting Manchester Street between Armagh and Lichfield Streets into a boulevard. This will separate public transport and other vehicles, provide access to businesses, and ensure a high-quality connection between the Core and the East Frame. In addition to footpaths and on-road cycling on Manchester Street itself, cycle and walking paths will be developed in the Frame. Tuam Street will become a one-way street and will be a major accessway into the city from the west, for vehicles and buses. Tuam Street will be landscaped to provide a high-amenity transition to the South Frame. Cycling and walking routes will run along Tuam Street and along St Asaph Street. Possible Bus Interchange layout 'Super stops' A high-quality super stop will be provided near the Hospital with good pedestrian access to the Metro Sports Facility, Hospital, Health Precinct and South Frame, as well as to the area south and west of the Core via the Antigua Street footbridge. Another super stop will be provided on Manchester Street (between Gloucester and Worcester Streets), providing a walking link into the northern half of the Core. These super stops will provide passenger waiting facilities sheltered from the weather, quality information, and dedicated cycle parking facilities nearby. Bus Interchange context axonometric 13 Inner-city public transport Residential areas within the avenues, and trips between the Bus Interchange and destinations within the central city, will be covered by the Metro bus routes. These routes provide good coverage of the central city area. Further opportunities to connect key destinations will be investigated to ensure the best possible coverage is offered in the medium- to long-term as the rebuild progresses. Initiatives could include reintroducing shuttle services or enhancing the Metro system. Any inner-city public transport service will be integrated with the city-wide public transport system. Energy-efficient and environmentally friendly options will be considered. Heritage tram The Christchurch City Council plans to repair and reintroduce the pre-earthquake heritage tram system as a visitor attraction, as part of the reopening and reconstruction of the central city s key attractions. Some of the destinations on the previously planned extension route have been damaged due to the earthquakes, so the route is being reviewed. Implementation Bus interchange concept design CERA, CCC, ECan, NZTA In 2013 Manchester St indicative streetscape and bus lanes Tuam Street indicative streetscape and cycleway 14 Key public transport network in the central city DEANS AVE HARPER AVE HAGLEY AVE RI
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