Business and Professional Women BPW International. Proponent BPW Brazil & BPW Ijuí PROJECT WOMEN S TOUCH TO THE NECTAR OF LIFE: BEES AND TREES - PDF

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Business and Professional Women BPW International Proponent BPW Brazil & BPW Ijuí PROJECT WOMEN S TOUCH TO THE NECTAR OF LIFE: BEES AND TREES Agricultural Committee of the BPW International Region/ Latin

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Business and Professional Women BPW International Proponent BPW Brazil & BPW Ijuí PROJECT WOMEN S TOUCH TO THE NECTAR OF LIFE: BEES AND TREES Agricultural Committee of the BPW International Region/ Latin America Environment and Sustainable Development Committee of the BPW International Region/ Latin America FOREWORD by the Project Coordinator Yara Blochtein and Eliana Chiappetta: By this Project which is prepared in the framework of UN Sustainable Development Goals and through the triennium theme of the International Federation of BPW International as Making a Difference through Leadership and Action. We aim to disseminate the knowledge of pollination with stingless bees hives, in order to increase the preservation and planting native trees allowing the management of bees to gain yield of soy and canola s grains and honey through mobilizing and implementing partnerships with the agriculture women and their communities. This process is important to biodiversity maintenance, food production and better pollination both native trees as agricultural using bees. The project also includes the planting of trees, essential to increase recovery of green areas for restore of riparian forests and the headwaters of rivers in the State of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). By facilitating the greener economy within the Project, we would like to support rural women for starting their own businesses collectively as well as providing economic sustainability and protecting the future of our Planet. INTRODUCTION: In the world that is increasingly globalized and interconnected, utilize all social, environmental and economic assets is vitally important for success. Crescent natural resource use and pollution will aggravate scarcity of freshwater, fertile land, accelerate the loss of biodiversity and climate change beyond tolerable levels, perhaps even manageable. Other paradox comes into being on the development agenda. In all international processes which were realized to reach sustainable development, although, Gender is accepted as a key organizing principle in the distribution of labor, property and other valued resources in society, gender inequality is still controversial issue in labor markets either for employment or entrepreneurship. Resolution 70/1 had adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015 and new agenda under the title of Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has been entered into force. This Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. We recognize that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. All countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership, will implement this plan. We are resolved to free the human race from the tyranny of poverty to heal and secure our planet. We are determined to take the bold and transformative steps which are urgently needed to shift the world on to a sustainable and resilient path. We will embark on this collective journey; we pledge that no one will be left behind. This Project will make a contribution to the actions that stimulate Sustainable Development Goals and targets in areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet. The major goal of the Project was structured according to the Sustainable Development Goal 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls) and Target 5.a (Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws) by facilitating the greener economy, as a way to achieve sustainable development, which is not optional strategy for sustainable enterprises and labour markets, it is a necessity for future of our Planet. The other aims of the Project in the framework of Sustainable Development Goals are listed as follow: Ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance (SDG 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere/ Target 1.4) Increase the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment (SDG 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture/target 2.3) Ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality (SDG 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture/target 2.4) Increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship (SDG 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all/target 4.4) Eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations (SDG 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all/target 4.5) Create snowball effect to protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes (SDG 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all/target 6.6) Create snowball effect to improve global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead (SDG 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all/target 8.4) Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value (SDG 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all/target 8.5) Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities (SDG 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation/ Target 9.b) Create snowball effect to support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, per-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning (SDG 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable and Target 11a) Create snowball effect to ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns (SDG 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable and Target 11a) Ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature (SDG 12: Ensure sustainable production and consumption patterns/ Target 12.8) Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production (SDG 12: Ensure sustainable production and consumption patterns / Target 12a) Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products (SDG 12: Ensure sustainable production and consumption patterns /Target 12b) Create snowball effect to ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements (SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss / Target 15.1) Create snowball effect to ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development (SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems / Target 15.4) Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species (SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems / Target 15.5) Create snowball effect to integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts (SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems / Target 15.9) Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems (SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems / Target 15.a) Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation (SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems / Target 15.b) Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities (SDG 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems / Target 15.c) Create snowball effect to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed (SDG 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development/ Target 17.7) Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships (SDG 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development/ Target 17.17) PROPOSAL OF THE PROJECT: PolinAgriRS Agricultural Pollination with bees beekeeping: sustainable development for the Planalto Médio RS The pollination is an essential ecosystem service for the maintenance of the diversity of plants and food production in agriculture. Currently, 33% of human nutrition depends on plants grown and pollinated by bees, according to studies based on data from FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) (Klein et. al. 2007). In the world-wide agricultural ambit Apis mellifera, known as honeybee, is the principal specie used for the pollination. Native bees, known as meliponini or stingless bees, have also been appreciated as alternative pollinators for agricultural and fruitful crops. In RS, many species of meliponini are handled in hives and their breeding besides using in the pollination encourage their preservation. Studies in Canada have shown that the introduction of three colonies of A. mellifera in canola fields results in an increase of 46% in productivity (Sabbahi et al., 2005). In some crops, however, native bees contribute to this service as much or more than this exotic species (Kevan et al., 1990). In Brazil was test two species of meliponini and the result was similar to Apis mellifera (Witter et al., 2015) suggesting the use of meliponini in this culture. The economic total value of pollination through bees in 2005 was 153 million of Euros, what represents 9,5% of the worldwide agricultural production value used as human food in that year( Gallai et. al. 2009). In Brazil, the pollinator action of bees is important in the apple, citrus, melon, watermelon, sunflower, canola, soy production among other cultures. However, the loss of suitable habitats to the bees together with the wide use of agrochemicals have caused the decline of pollinators in many parts of the world, thereby turning vulnerable the food production. However, there is a requirement to increase awareness and qualification all the people who are active in beekeeping sector. The ecosystem service of pollination is important for biodiversity maintenance and food production. It is know that occur a decline of bees conform increased the distance of forest fragments, especially social and solitary bees (p. e. Chacoff & Aizen, 2006). This bees use the natural habitats for obtaining food resources, places for nesting and breeding, highlighting the importance of preserve the trees. Considering the importance of native bees to increase agricultural productivity and sustainable development, we have identified the need to include women and youth in the job market in order to insert them and provide the conservation of forest areas through knowledge of species and of good practice to pollinators and nature. The following strategies have been embraced for the Project: Transfer of required technologies to provide high production capacity with high quality and support friendly agricultural practices in beekeeping sector. Increase in the number of qualified people through the Qualification Program on Poliagri RS which will be prepared by BPW-Brazil, FARSUL, SENAR, FARGS, Ijuí Beekeepers Association, for the use of bees in pollination in relation to agriculture. The Qualification Program on Poliagri RS which will have the following stages: 1) Lectures about awareness and capture of agents that will participate of the following stages: 2) Courses given by SENAR (beekeeping, agricultural pollination) 3) Support to the organizations of associations for the sector. 4) Permanent system of monitoring and promotion of the program. TARGET GROUP: Women and youth not inserted in the market job. These beneficiaries will be qualified to obtain alternative source of income from the beekeeping, having as purpose the marketing of colonies (beekeeping), honey production and rent of hives to pollination crops. ACTİONS AND PRODUCTS: Implement an annual program of beekeeping practices for women and youth in order to improve the income and include in the beekeeping sector. Mobilize women and youth to adhere this project with th view to inserte them in the market job. Perfom five workshops that aim bringing opportunities to skills development of women and youth in beekeeping sector to increase income. The workshops are describe bellow: Workshop 1: Importance of bees in pollination and productivity of fruit and agricultural crops for improve income to women and youth Getting to know the diversity of bees in agriculture and how this bee affect the production of grains. With this benefits the women and youth can have income for two ways: honey from the creation of hives and pollination service by inclusion of bee hives in agricultural crops. Workshop 2: How beekeeping and management of native bees This workshop goal empower women and youth to be able to stingless bee manage as a source of income. Workshop 3: Melliferous plants and the benefits of the forest for improve income This workshop goal empower women and youth to recognize melliferous native plants that benefit the maintenance and permanence of native bees through of nidification sites and floral resources during the year. Point out the importance of preservation of forests to women and youth in order to make the public aware of need protect and preserve the trees for the present and future generations. Workshop 4: Awareness about the use of insecticides This workshop goal empower women and youth to know the problems of use of insecticides and how the extensively use affect nature and humans. Workshop 5: Friendly practices to pollinating native bees of agricultural crops The friendly practices to stingless bees allow the permanence of pollinators in agricultural areas, contributing to productivity of grains and honey and conservation of regional biodiversity. This workshop goal empower women and youth to know simple actions, with low investiment, to do friendly practices in the field. Implementation of good agricultural practices of women and youth in the field with the view to the preservation of natural and agricultural environments. Implementation and consolidation of partnerships between associations and women beekeepers in order to insert them in the job market through of beekeeping, with primary income honey and secondary pollination directed in agriculture. Increased potencial of Brazil in manage native bee hives by directed pollination in agriculture realized by women and youth. Conservation of stingless bees through the manage of hives with association to good agricultural practices realize by women and youth adding economic and environmental valuation in using these pollinators. Contribute to the academic training of technical staff, to be involved in implementing this project, the experience with women and youth in the Planalto Medio RS. Disseminate the results in a transparent manner through digital folder focused on women and youth in the beekeeping sector. Budget Description Quantity Amount US$ Justificative Outsourced services Rent of bus (or van) 05 2, Transport to women and youth for the five workshops. Meals 180 2, Meals to 35 women, youth and collaborators that will give the workshop to skills development of women and youth in beekeeping sector to increase income. DEFRAYAL Production of digital folder to propagate this project 3 1, Bee hives 200 4, Folder directed to women and youth on the topics that learned in the workshops and results of this project in order to serve as a model for other countries. For include bee hives in agricultural crops and near to water sources to pollination of native trees and provide a increase of income of women and youth in market job. Scientific and technical assistance 40 4, Consumption Materials Daily rate 15 1, Scientific and technical support to themes related to skills development of women and youth in beekeeping sector. Daily rate related to participation of researchers in the workshops. Airfare 04 2, airfare to coordenators of this project to show the results and establish proposals of public policy to women and youth in the beekeeping sector. Total US$ ,00 DURATİON PROJECT: 12 months ESTİMATE OF FİNANCİAL RESOURCES FROM OTHER SOURCES: Prefeitura de Chiappetta and Prefeitura de Ijuí: Logistic support to prospection of women and youth in beekeeping sector and transport of colaborators (research or other technical collaborator) to workshops. PROJECT PARTNERS: Federação de Apicultura do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (FARSUL) Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Rural (SENAR) Faculdades Rio Grandenses (FARGS) Ijuí Beekeepers Association Financers Prefeitura Chiappetta Prefeitura Ijuí PROJECT TEAM: Eliana Chiappetta (Memb
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