Brzóza is a picturesque village which is situated on the Radomka River at the edge of the Kozienice Forest, 80 km from Warsaw. It was mentioned in - PDF

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Brzóza is a picturesque village which is situated on the Radomka River at the edge of the Kozienice Forest, 80 km from Warsaw. It was mentioned in documents in the 14th century. It belonged to the Ożarowski

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Brzóza is a picturesque village which is situated on the Radomka River at the edge of the Kozienice Forest, 80 km from Warsaw. It was mentioned in documents in the 14th century. It belonged to the Ożarowski s family in the years The Ożarowskis built a palace. It was surrounded by a landscape park with ponds and alleys lined with trees. The palace has not survived until now. It was destroyed after the Second World War. In 1910 the village became the property of Heydel s family. Baron Zdzisław Heydel became the owner of property in Brzóza in New owner was great citizen and neighbour. He treated farmers very well. At the beginning of The First World War he was accused of conductive German s Army and he was sent with the family to Russia where he was in prison. He came back to Brzóza in 1917 and two years later he died. Zdzisław Heydel with his wife Maria had four children. Their names are Adam, Zofia, Wojciech and Izabela. One of them Wojciech inherited the property in Brzóza. Baron Wojciech Heydel was a paragon as his father as a good citizen and neighbour. He treated farmers as equal him and always gave them proper advice and material support. He established farming organizations such Farming circles in Ursynów, Dairy Assocciation and Voluntary Fire Brigade in Brzóza. In spite of German s lineage, the Heydels were Polish patriot. During the Second World War, they helped refugees and cooperated with the Resistance. In January 1941 the Germans soldiers arrested Baron Wojciech and his brother Adam who was the professor of Jagiellonsky University. They were kept in prison in Skarżysko Kamienna. They were in the same cell with solicitor Bronsław Staniszewski who told people about unusual event which he saw. One day he heard discussion between Adam Heydel and colonel of Wermacht. He asked Adam about his name and ancestors. He discovered they had the same surname and came from the same family from Turyngia. In that moment the colonel asked Adam to write down the declaration which prove that he was German. However, professor answered that he could not do it because he was Polish and he had not connection with German nation. Both brothers were sent to Auschwitz where they probably died in the same day. It was on 14th March Wojciech died because of dead illness whereas his brother was executed by Germans. One of the most important and unforgettable person in Brzóza was Baroness Wanda Heydel. She arrived there from Poznań area in 1930 after she got married to Wojciech Heydel. In the day of their marriage was created a Book of Brzózas Guests which is one of a few mementoes from palace. Wanda Heydel from Chełkowskich was a daughter of Maria Doniemirska and Józef from Śmiełowo. She was born in She was well educated person. Wanda was studying in Brussels at The School of Social Work and at the Economic School in Snopków near Lwów. She had diploma as a social worker which she got from Ministry of Justice in Wanda was responsible person and she always cared about other people and sometimes she forgot about herself. She tolerated with dignity everything what had happened to her. We learnt that from her letters which she sent to her parents. It is a part: I am feeling very good here. The good God let my be always between noble, brave and helpful people. The letters which she wrote after 1927 are some kind of diary of her life. Baroness Wanda Heydel was a person who had great influence on education in Brzóza. She established Landladies association where she was a chairwoman. She organized courses such as sewing and cooking for women from Brzóza. She always took care of children and wanted to help them in their development. As a result she established and led nursery school for peasants children. Thanks to Wanda Heydel people from Brzóza and surrounded villages could learn new technology of agriculture and children were educated. In 1941 after Heydels brothers death Germans came again to palace and made Wanda and her children leave it. Wanda did not let down. She moved to Warsaw where she lived on 2 Wiejska Street. Her house was near the parliamentary hotel. She always thought that education is very important in life. In her house in Warsaw were organized underground lessons. Wanda s older children belonged to Szare Szeregi or Armia Krajowa. When war was ending Germans let Wanda come back to Brzóza. It happened on 15th of July She moved to Brzóza and found the house and the park in very good condition but she did not stay there for a long time because of Germans front which was coming from East. In those dangerous days Wanda took her children to the palace in Grądy and she went to Brzóza every morning to take family souvenirs. When Soviets army came Wanda was discriminated by communist government because she was a member of noble family. She and her family were banned from Brzóza and the Haydels were forbidden to visit Brzóza even family graves. Wanda Heydel never went back to Brzóza. Wanda Heydel never gave up even if she had lost her husband and assets. In 1945 she moved to Zakopane where she taught in High School for a year. She loved her three children and wanted to give them good education because she knew how important knowledge is. She moved to Poznań where her children could study. In spite of having little money, her children graduated from universities. As a results of war and struggled to support her family Wanda Heydel came down with tuberculosis and nobody could cure her of this illness because of this time was not any medicine for tubercliosis. In 1947 she was a bit healthier and she got a job in Institution of Social security in Krynica. In sanatorium where she was working she met Karol Wojtyła with his students. Wanda Heydel died in She was only 55 years old. Her funeral was led by Bishop Karol Wojtyła in Cracow. Her grave is on Salwatorski cementery. Everybody in Brzóza remembers Wojciech and Wanda Heydel courage and commitmend in developing education in Brzóza. Leontyna Majonowiczowa wrote about Wanda Heydel these words. I had met Wanda Heydel on the first day of my visit in Brzóza. I admired her as a great wife and mother whose love to her husband and children went together with ardour activity in local environment and great social work for people. Presentation prepared by students of the Gimnasium in Bzoza for the occasion of opening of the Wanda Heydel lecture room, Brzoza, June 7, 2009
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