AFRIQUE DU NORD: CONGRÈS JUIF MONDIAL. MAROC, PAYS ÈTRANGERS, A.0103, RG M. - PDF

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Descriptive summary AFRIQUE DU NORD: CONGRÈS JUIF MONDIAL. MAROC, PAYS ÈTRANGERS, A.0103, RG M. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place SW Washington,

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Descriptive summary AFRIQUE DU NORD: CONGRÈS JUIF MONDIAL. MAROC, PAYS ÈTRANGERS, A.0103, RG M. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place SW Washington, DC Tel. (202) e mail: Title: Afrique du Nord: Congrès Juif Mondial Maroc, pays étrangers Dates: Accession number: 1998.A.0103, RG M. Creator: Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine. Extent: 2 microfilm reels. Repository: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives, 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place SW, Washington, DC Abstract: The collection includes various materials concerning Jews in French North Africa, particularly following the allied invasion, and miscellaneous documents concerning anti Jewish measures in various European countries. Languages: French, German, English, Polish, Spanish, Slovak. Administrative Information Access: Collection is open for use, but may be stored offsite. Please contact the Reference Desk more than seven days prior to visit in order to request access. Reproduction and use: Collection is available for use. Material may be protected by copyright. Please contact reference staff for further information. Preferred citation: (Identification of item), Afrique du Nord: Congrès Juif Mondial Maroc, pays étrangers, RG M, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives, Washington, DC Acquisition information: Microfilm copies obtained from the Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine (CDJC) of the Mémorial de la Shoah, Custodial history: These materials were collected and arranged by the CDJC, but the second part of the collection was wholly or partially constructed from material provided by its counterparts in other European countries during the period of cooperation between documentation centers following their international conference in Paris in late These include documents received in January 1948 from the Jewish Historical Documentation Center (Judische Historische Documentation) in Linz, Austria, as well as documents from the Central Jewish Historical Commission (Centralna Żydowska Komisja Historyczna or CŻKH) in Poland. In February 1956, the collection was filmed as part of a project with Yad Vashem. In 1998, the CDJC provided a reproduction of the Yad Vashem film for refilming by USHMM. Existence and location of originals: Centre de Documentation Juive Contemporaine Mémorial de la Shoah 17, rue Geoffroy l Asnier Paris FRANCE tel. +33 (0) Accruals: Accruals may have been received since this collection was first processed, see archives catalog at collections.ushmm.org for further information. Processing history: Joel Horowitz, December Administrative history French North Africa was comprised of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Tunisia and Morocco were protectorates, with autonomous and theoretically independent traditional governments under French control. Algeria by contrast was considered part of France and divided into departments on French lines with representation for full French citizens. It was also different for Jews in that Algerian Jews had been granted citizenship by the 1870 Crémieux Decree, which was later revoked by Vichy. The World Jewish Congress, formally established in 1936, was a body proportionately representing the world s Jewish communities. It lobbied governments, opposed anti Semitism, pressed for the admission of Jewish refugees, and supported Zionism. Scope and content of collection The collection is divided into to two series, Miscellaneous North African Documents, and Miscellaneous Documents Concerning the Persecution of the Jews. The North African documents cover Jewish matters in all three French territories, but are largely focused on Morocco. They also focus on the period beginning in early 1943 with the installation of Giraud and later De Gaulle in North Africa following the Allied invasion. Only a few records date from the pre war and early war period and almost none from the Vichy period. Topics include the North African delegations to the World Jewish Congress 1944 War Emergency Conference, the ultimately successful Jewish opposition to Giraud s refusal to reinstate the Crémieux Decree in 1943, and a large group of documents concerning the July 30 th 1944 pogrom in Sefrou (Morocco) as well as documentation of the Jewish community s relations with the authorities in that protectorate more generally. The documents on persecution contain publications, correspondence, and reports from various sources on Jews, Jewish history, anti Semitism, and anti Jewish measures in various countries (not including North Africa). These are in a variety of languages, but chiefly German and French with some English and a few sections in Polish, Spanish, or Slovak. Many if not most of these documents were acquired by the CDJC after the war from its counterparts abroad such as the Jewish Historical Documentation Center (Judische Historische Documentation) in Linz, Austria and the Central Jewish Historical Commission (Centralna Żydowska Komisja Historyczna or CŻKH) in Poland after they began cooperating more intensively in the aftermath of the international conference in Paris in Post war documents include records relating to the work of Philipp Auerbach in Munich with regard to post war German anti Semitism and anti Jewish laws, records relating to or stemming from the Nuremburg tribunals, documentation on the career, work, and fate of Adolf Eichmann, and post war documents relating to pro German activities in allied and neutral countries during the war. System of arrangement The collection is divided into two internally unarranged series. The first series, on North Africa, was originally a separate record group called Divers (Miscellaneous), while the second series, on the persecution of the Jews in various countries was a record group called Pays Etrangers (Foreign Countries). On Reel 2, Cote LXXXVIII(88) No. 44 appears before No. 43. Additionally, it should be noted that after No. 76 on Reel 2 Nos were filmed a second time and placed immediately following the original filming. Indexing terms Personal names Wisliceny, Dieter, 1911 Corporate names World Jewish Congress. International Military Tribunal. Topical entries Jews Morocco. Jews Africa, North. Jews Persecutions Europe. Geographical entries Sefrou (Morocco) CONTAINER LIST Reel Cote No. Description Date 1 1 LXXXV(85) Afrique du Nord Documents Divers LXXXV(85) 1 Tribune Libre , an article by Edouard de Rothschild for the MNPGD paper Victoire about Giraud and the Crémieux Decree 1 LXXXV(85) 2 Report on the Activities of the WJC on Behalf of the Rights of North African Jews 1 LXXXV(85) 3 Declaration of M. Ganem, Delegate of Tunisia (Sfax) to the WJC War Emergency Conference 1 LXXXV(85) 4 Address of Samuel Levy to the WJC War Emergency Conference 1 LXXXV(85) 5 Note on the Situation of the Jews in Morocco, presented by S.D. Levy to M. Meiss, President of the Consistory 1 LXXXV(85) 6 Report of the Alliance Israélite Universelle on Moroccan Judaism 1 LXXXV(85) 7 Statement Regarding the Abrogation of the Crémieux Decree: Submitted to Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles by The American Jewish Committee 1 LXXXV(85) 8 Memo from the Sharifian Government on the Jurisdiction of Rabbinic Tribunals 1 LXXXV(85) 9 Letter from Moises I. Nahon and J.R. Benazeraf to Yahia Zagury, President of the Jewish Community of Casablanca 27 Mar Nov Nov. 1 Dec Dec Jul May, Feb Mar LXXXV(85) 10 Letter from J.M. Pinto to Raphael Benazeraf, Casablanca 21 Jul LXXXV(85) 11 Study on the Use of Moroccan Jews in War by A. Montagne 17 Oct LXXXV(85) 12 L'Union Française Pour la Defense de L'Empire Parlons des 26 Feb Juifs 1 LXXXV(85) 13 Le Deuxième Jour d'armistace , Letter to Time from a 8 Feb representative of the Quaker American Friends Service Committee in Casablanca 1 LXXXV(85) 14 Report on the Treatment Inflicted on the Jews of Kasbah Tadla 16 May LXXXV(85) 15 Proposal of the Secretary General of the Protectorate of 15 May 1943 Morocco for a Chambres Syndicales in the Protectorate 1 LXXXV(85) 16 Letter to the Director of Political Affairs in Rabat from David 4 Aug Assouline, Chemioune David Benisti, Mouchi Fedida, Hiahia Ptito, Youssif Totdjean, and Chemioune Ifhah 1 LXXXV(85) 17 Transcript of a Meeting of the Comité d'accueil aux Troupes 2 Aug Alliées 1 LXXXV(85) 18 Letter to the General Resident of France in Morocco from 9 Sept Aaron Abenhaim, Chalom Bensimon, Abraham Ssouline, Joseph Sebbag, Yahia Illouz, and Isaac Soussan 1 LXXXV(85) 19 Appeal to the Jewish Population by Y. Zagury, Community President (Casablanca) 12 Oct. 1943 1 LXXXV(85) 20 Letter to Le President from the 612 Inhabitants of Tingherir 24 Oct LXXXV(85) 21 Letter to R. Burger, President of the Fédération marocaine 4 Nov des Mutilés, Anciens combattants, et victimes de la Guerre 1 LXXXV(85) 22 Letter from the President of the Jewish Community to Le 15 Nov Controleur Civil, Chef de la Region de Casablanca and Chef des Services Municipaux, Casablanca 1 LXXXV(85) 23 Note for Monsieur H.L. 28 Nov LXXXV(85) 24 Presentation on the Supplying of the Moroccan Jews LXXXV(85) 25 Extract from an Article by Henry Taylor in The Washington 6 Jan Daily News 1 LXXXV(85) 26 Letter to M. Heler in Casablanca from Helene Cazes Benatar, WJC 13 Mar LXXXV(85) 27 Brief Report on the Situation of the Jews in Morocco 30 Mar LXXXV(85) 28 Letter to M. Marchal from R.S. 2 May LXXXV(85) 29 Letter from Robert Schumann 6 May LXXXV(85) 30 Official Bulletin N.1651: Jewish Taxes 16 Jun LXXXV(85) 31 Letter from Albert El Koubbi in Casablanca to Minister Henry 2 Jul Frenay, Commissioner to Prisoners, Deportees, and Refugees in Algiers 1 LXXXV(85) 32 Report on the Damage Caused to the Jews of Sefrou as a Result of the Incident of July 30th Aug LXXXV(85) 33 Report No.2 on the Subject of the Events that Occurred in Sefrou on Sunday July 30th LXXXV(85) 34 Opinions on the Culpabilities and Responsibilities Arising from the Events of Sefrou from July 30th Aug Aug LXXXV(85) 35 Riots in Sefrou 3 Aug LXXXV(85) 36 Translations of Witness Statements from Sefrou 8 Aug LXXXV(85) 37 Telegram to Gabriel Puaux, General Resident of France in 10 Aug Rabat, from S.D. Levy, President of the Centre Anti Tuberculeux Israélite et de Maghen David 1 LXXXV(85) 38 Letter to the Inspector of Jewish Institutions in Rabat from 16 Aug S.D. Levy and J.R. Benazeraf 1 LXXXV(85) 39 Letter to René Cassin, President of the Alliance Israélite Universelle from S.D. Levy and J.R. Benazeraf 23 Aug LXXXV(85) 40 Letter to the Commissioner for Foreign Affairs from René Cassin, Member of the Provisional Consultative Assembly, President of the Alliance Israélite Universelle 1 LXXXV(85) 41 Letter to the General Resident of France in Morocco from the Representatives of 12 Jewish Organizations 1 LXXXV(85) 42 Address of Samuel Levy at the WJC War Emergency Conference 1 LXXXV(85) 43 Notes about the Situation in Morocco from a WJC Meeting in New York 28 Aug Nov Nov. 1 Dec Dec. 1944 1 LXXXV(85) 44 Memo of a Dec. 13th 1944 Conversation with Me. Bruno, 13 Dec Lawyer, former President in Rabat, and Former Chef de Service of Sharifian Affairs 1 LXXXV(85) 45 Speech of M. Murciano, Delegate to the WJC, at the February 20 Feb th 1945 Meeting 1 LXXXV(85) 46 Summary of the Reasons that Forced Us to Make an 19 Jun Agreement with the Administration, 3 m. 50 of Fabric per Family to be Distributed from June 19th 1945 1 LXXXV(85) 47 Of the Disorder in Africa being Prepared Against France: the 5 Apr Arab League Supports a New Liberation Group, the Revolt is Planned for Two or Three Years 1 LXXXV(85) 48 List of Members of the Committee and the Commissions 1 LXXXV(85) 49 Report on the Anti Jewish Excesses of Sefrou (Morocco) 15 Sept LXXXV(85) 50 Nothing is Done! , an Article by Elie Gozlan that was Blocked by the Censors 1 LXXXV(85) 51 France did Not Have Racial Prejudice. 8 Nov Mar. 1943 , an Article by Elie Gozlan that was Refused Publication 1 LXXXV(85) 52 About Barbarians in Memory of a Dead European an Article by Elie Gozlan that was Refused Publication 1 LXXXVIII(88) Documents Divers Concernant des Persecutions de Juifs LXXXVIII(88) 1 List of 956 Concentration Camps, Labor Camps, Ghettos, and Places in the German Occupied Territories Compiled by the JHD 1 LXXXVIII(88) 2 Memo from Rosenberg to Utikal on the Einsatzstab's Implementation of M Aktion in Western Europe 23 Jul Jan LXXXVIII(88) 3 Barely Legible RMfdBO Document about the Einsatzstab 3 Apr LXXXVIII(88) 4 Barely Legible RMfdBO Document about the Einsatzstab 7 Apr LXXXVIII(88) 5 Illegible RMfdBO Document from Rosenberg 5 Jul LXXXVIII(88) 6 Partly Illegible RMfdBO Document from Rosenberg about the 12 Nov Einsatzstab in the East 1 LXXXVIII(88) 7 Romanian Anti Jewish Laws from 1940 Aug. Dec LXXXVIII(88) 8 Hungarian Anti Jewish Law from LXXXVIII(88) 9 The Way It Happened: Some Data and Documents to the Aug History of the Tragedy of the Hungarian Jewry by Ernest Munkarsi 1 LXXXVIII(88) 10 Excerpt from Fateful Years: , the Memoirs of General Wilhelm Nagy von Nagybaczon Concerning Jewish Matters 9 Jul LXXXVIII(88) 11 Jews of the Orient by Nashum E. Nevies 1 LXXXVIII(88) 12 Anti Jewish Measures Promulgated in the General Government Oct Apr. 1942 1 LXXXVIII(88) 13 Anti Jewish Measures Promulgated in the General Government 1 LXXXVIII(88) 14 Barely Legible Document in Polish 1 LXXXVIII(88) 15 Polish Records 1 LXXXVIII(88) 16 Account of Belzec Concentration Camp 1 LXXXVIII(88) 17 Anti Jewish Measures Promulgated in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia 1 LXXXVIII(88) 18 The War Criminals , American Propaganda Leaflet Containing Summaries in French of German Anti Jewish Legislation 1 LXXXVIII(88) 19 Bulletin de Presse Polonaise No. 14, and No. 16 containing articles on the Jewish Community in Poland Sept Sept Sept Nov. 1946, Jan LXXXVIII(88) 20 Combating Anti Semitism in Germany , Memo from P.S. Jacobsohn of the Office of the Chief of Counsel for War Crimes to Philipp Auerbach 1 LXXXVIII(88) 21 Threatening Letter to Philipp Auerbach from a German Freedom Fighter 1 LXXXVIII(88) 22 Memo from Philipp Auerbach to the Jewish Communities of 7 Mar Bavaria 1 LXXXVIII(88) 23 The Position of the Jewish DPs , by Philipp Auerbach 23 Jun LXXXVIII(88) 24 Speech of Philipp Auerbach upon the Inauguration of a Monument to Victims of the Holocaust in Munich 28 Jun LXXXVIII(88) 25 Summaries in French of German Anti Jewish Legislation 1 LXXXVIII(88) 26 Decrees of the Governor of Austria and Anti Jewish Measures and Legislation in Austria in LXXXVIII(88) 27 Dispatches from the French Ambassador to Romania about 17 Aug the Jewish Question There 1 LXXXVIII(88) 28 Anti Jewish Laws in Bulgaria 29 Aug LXXXVIII(88) 29 Anti Jewish Laws in Italy 1 LXXXVIII(88) 30 German anti Jewish Measure Regarding Patents Sept LXXXVIII(88) 31 Note on the Legal Situation of of the Jews in Spain in Relation to the 1492 Edict of Expulsion 1 LXXXVIII(88) 32 Book Chapter, German Racial Laws and Regulations 24 Mar Sept. 1943 1 LXXXVIII(88) 33 Decree in Austria Imposing an Expiatory Tax on Jews 12 Nov LXXXVIII(88) 34 German Decree Prohibiting the Possession of Weapons by Jews 1 LXXXVIII(88) 35 La Centralisation des Statistiques en Allemagne: Extrait de 'Die Statistik in Deutschland nach ihrem heutigen Stand' by Friedrick Burgdorfer (Volume I, pages 87 to 90) Aug LXXXVIII(88) 36 Decrees of Victor Emmanuel III and the President of the Council of Ministers Abolishing Fascism 1 LXXXVIII(88) 37 A Document from Auschwitz Concerning Josef Jakob 1 LXXXVIII(88) 38 Concentration Camp Record for Josef Israel Engel Aug May. 1946 1 LXXXVIII(88) 39 A List Compiled by the JHD of SS Personnel who Served in Concentration Camps 1 LXXXVIII(88) 40 Organised Antisemitism in Great Britain Report from the Jewish Central Information Office 1 LXXXVIII(88) 41 Last Statistics on Jews in Berlin before the End of the War: Count for February 28th 1945 22 Dec May Feb LXXXVIII(88) 42 Letter from Dr. Hans Richter in Nuremburg to Philipp 27 Apr Auerbach Concerning a Letter he Sent to Radio Munich Commenting on the Nuremburg Tribunal 2 2 LXXXVIII(88) 43 Anti Semitic Postcard to Philipp Auerbach 22 Jun LXXXVIII(88) 44 Anti Semitic Postcard to Philipp Auerbach 2 LXXXVIII(88) 45 Letter to Philipp Auerbach from The Black Hand 7 Mar LXXXVIII(88) 46 Statistical Table on the Number of Jews by Religion Living in Hesse and the Palatinate in 1933 and LXXXVIII(88) 47 Sworn Statements of Dieter Wisliceny Taken by Michael Gero in Bratislava 2 Dec and a Report Based on his Statements from 27 Oct Oct. Dec LXXXVIII(88) 48 Barely Legible Report by Kurt Lindemann 7 Apr LXXXVIII(88) 49 Testimony of a Frenchman Repatriated from Stalag VIIa: On Jul the Atrocities Committed by the Nazis against Women, Children, and Russian Prisoners , Pamphlet of Le Mouvement National Contre le Racisme 2 LXXXVIII(88) 50 Records Concerning the Trial of Persons Accused of Threatening the Independence of the Swiss Confederation 30 Jun LXXXVIII(88) 51 List of Nazi Criminals Compiled by the JHD 2 LXXXVIII(88) 52 List of Criminals in France Compiled by the JHD 2 LXXXVIII(88) 53 Letter from Mosche Nikolaus Schweiger of the Jewish Agency and Ichud to the Allied Occupying Powers and the Red Cross about Rudolf Kastner's Activities in Hungary 2 LXXXVIII(88) 54 Commentaries in French on German Anti Jewish Measures and Legislation by Alf. Kruger 2 LXXXVIII(88) 55 Commentary in French on the Nuremburg Laws by Guillaume Stuckart and Rolf Schiedermair 8 May LXXXVIII(88) 56 Planning Document for the Deportation of German Jews from the Rhineland 2 LXXXVIII(88) 57 Paper on War Time Tax Policy by Professor Bühler 6 Nov LXXXVIII(88) 58 Letter from a Fascist in an Italian Prisoner of War Camp 4 Apr LXXXVIII(88) 59 Reports of Joseph Frenkiel on his Work in the French Occupation Zone and the Vaihingen an der Enz Concentration Camp 2 LXXXVIII(88) 60 The Current Situation of the Jews of Poland Extract from the Bulletin de Centre Israélite d'information 15 Oct. 1946 2 LXXXVIII(88) 61 Report on the Concentration Camp at Buchenwald by former Aug Prisoner W.A. Beckert 2 LXXXVIII(88) 62 Report on Typhus in the Neuengamme Concentration Camp 31 Mar LXXXVIII(88) 63 Report from the French Ambassador to Hungary on a New 25 Feb Hungarian Anti Jewish Law 2 LXXXVIII(88) 64 Documents about the Life and Career of Pia Wagner and her Testimony in Nuremburg Apr. Sept LXXXVIII(88) 65 Letter from Dieter Wisliceny 26 Jul LXXXVIII(88) 66 Interrogation of Dieter Wisliceny by Michale Gero in Bratislava for the Nuremburg Tribunal 6 7 May LXXXVIII(88) 67 Report Containing Information from Dieter Wisliceny 18 Nov LXXXVIII(88) 68 Sworn Statement of Dieter Wisliceny taken by Michael Gero in 4 Feb Bratislava 2 LXXXVIII(88) 69 Sworn Statement of Dieter Wisliceny taken by Michael Gero in 11 Feb Bratislava 2 LXXXVIII(88) 70 Dieter Wisliceny's Report on the Jewish Rescue Committees from Budapest of Dr. Kastner 25 Mar LXXXVIII(88) 71 Interrogation of Dieter Wisliceny by Lt. Colonel Smith W. 24 Nov Brockhart Jr. in Nuremburg 2 LXXXVIII(88) 72 Sworn Affidavit of Dieter Wisliceny taken by Lt. Colonel Smith W. Brockhart Jr. in Nuremburg 29 Nov LXXXVIII(88) 73 Testimony of Dieter Wisliceny taken by Lt. Colonel Smith W. Brockhart Jr. in Nuremburg 15 Nov LXXXVIII(88) 74 Sworn Statement of Dieter Wisliceny taken in Bratislava 27 Jun LXXXVIII(88) 75 Records about Dieter Wisliceny from the Court in Bratislava 16 Sept LXXXVIII(88) 76 Verdict of the Court in Bratislava in the Case of Dieter 27 Feb Wisliceny 2 LXXXVIII(88) Copies of Numbers 50 76
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